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Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

T. A. Cavanaugh

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Consequentialists oppose while absolutists and deontologists rely upon double-effect reasoning (DER) to address hard cases in which good inextricably binds with evil (such as destroying a legitimate ... More


Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophy has long treated principles as indispensable for understanding its subject matter. However, the underlying assumption that this is the best approach has received almost no defence, ... More


Reasons and the Good

Roger Crisp

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book answers some of the oldest questions in moral philosophy. Claiming that a fundamental issue in normative ethics is what ultimate reasons for action we might have, it argues that the best ... More


Freedom and Reason in Kant, Schelling, and Kierkegaard

Michelle Kosch

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199289110
eISBN:
9780191604003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289115.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book traces a complex of issues surrounding moral agency from Kant through Schelling to Kierkegaard. There are two complementary projects. The first is to clarify the contours of German idealism ... More


Introduction

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In a much-discussed passage in Republic 10 (602c-603b), Plato appears to divide the rational soul-part into two distinct sub-parts. By considering the passage in its context, the chapter shows that ... More


Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation

Alan Millar

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199254408
eISBN:
9780191719721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254408.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book shows that ascriptions of beliefs and intentions are normative in that they have normative implications. Since there is no more to believing something and intending something than meeting ... More


Knowledge and Practical Interests

Jason Stanley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of this book is that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is in part determined by his or her practical interests, i.e., by how much is at stake for that person at ... More


The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Robert Audi

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The literature on theoretical reason has been dominated by epistemological concerns, treatments of practical reason by ethical concerns. This book overcomes the limitations of dealing with each ... More


Hegel and the Transformation of Philosophical Critique

William F. Bristow

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199290642
eISBN:
9780191710421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290642.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book presents a study of Hegel's hugely influential but notoriously difficult Phenomenology of Spirit. Hegel describes the method of this work as a ‘way of despair’, meaning that the reader who ... More


Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Carl Beckwith

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Hilary of Poitiers (c300–368), who was instrumental in shaping the development of pro-Nicene theology in the West, combined two separate works, a treatise on faith (De Fide) and a treatise against ... More


Reductive Logic and Proof-search: Proof Theory, Semantics, and Control

David J. Pym and Eike Ritter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526339
eISBN:
9780191712012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526339.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This a research study about logic. Logic is both part of and has roles in many disciplines, including inter alia, mathematics, computing, and philosophy. The topic covered here — the mathematical ... More


The Philosophy of Jürgen Habermas: A Critical Introduction

Uwe Steinhoff

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547807
eISBN:
9780191720758
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547807.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Jürgen Habermas seeks to defend the Enlightenment and with it an “emphatical”, “uncurtailed” conception of reason against the post-modern critique of reason on the one hand, and against so-called ... More


Slaves of the Passions

Mark Schroeder

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Long claimed to be the ‘dominant conception of practical reason’, the Humean theory that reasons for action are instrumental, or explained by desires, is the basis for a range of worries about the ... More


Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Jonathan Jacobs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This is a study of the key features of the moral psychology and metaethics of three important medieval Jewish philosophers, Saadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides. They are selected ... More


Liberalism without Perfection

Jonathan Quong

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594870
eISBN:
9780191723513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594870.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

A growing number of political philosophers favour a view called liberal perfectionism. According to this view, liberal political morality is characterized by a commitment to helping individuals lead ... More


Islamic Natural Law Theories

Anver M. Emon

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579006
eISBN:
9780191722639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579006.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Legal History

This book offers the first sustained jurisprudential inquiry into Islamic natural law theory. It introduces readers to competing theories of Islamic natural law theory based on close readings of ... More


The Continuity of Mind

Michael Spivey

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The cognitive and neural sciences have been on the brink of a paradigm shift for over a decade. This book is intended to help galvanize the forces of dynamical systems theory, cognitive and ... More


Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Maria Alvarez

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Understanding human beings and their distinctive rational and volitional capacities is one of the central tasks of philosophy. The task requires a clear account of such things as reasons, desires, ... More


Conclusion

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The conclusion briefly draws together the main conclusions of the book and places them against the background of the questions that dominated action theory for decades after the publication of ... More


Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Abdulaziz Sachedina

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book undertakes to correlate practical ethical decisions in modern medical practice to principles and rules derived from Islamic juridical praxis and theological doctrines. This study links ... More


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