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Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


The X‐ray laser and the single molecule — no crystal needed?

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Major increases in brightness are anticipated with the upcoming coherent X‐ray lasers. Extrapolation suggests that a single macromolecule ‘sample’ may be sufficient to generate a measurable X‐ray ... More


Coherent X-Ray Optics

David Paganin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book offers a grounding in the field of coherent X-ray optics, which in the closing years of the 20th century experienced something of a renaissance with the availability of third-generation ... More


Complementary techniques

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Crystallography is a powerful technique but also one that has limitations. There are a number of complementary techniques that significantly add to the information available crystallographically.


Overall summary and future thoughts

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter summarizes the state‐of‐the‐art in the field and discusses upcoming techniques to solve and to improve the current problems.


The Progenitors of Gamma-Ray Bursts

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the object or objects responsible for gramma-ray bursts (GRBs). Until now, there are few absolute certainties with regard to the progenitors of GRBs. One clear standout is the ... More


Comparative Performance of U.S. Econometric Models

Lawrence R. Klein (ed.)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195057720
eISBN:
9780199854967
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195057720.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

One of the most important, and visible, things economists do is to forecast what will happen in the economy in the future. Each year, a number of different groups in the United States use their own ... More


Filming Fiction: Tagore, Premchand, and Ray

Mohd Asaduddin and Anuradha Ghosh (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075936
eISBN:
9780199081851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075936.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Similar to other fine arts' genres, novels and films evolved the way they did due to certain conditions of production, and the way they developed in different cultures was shaped by the governing ... More


Stellar-Mass Black Holes

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines stellar-mass black holes. The empirical study of black holes began in the 1960s with the discovery of quasars and the advent of X-ray astronomy. X-ray detectors could detect ... More


Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199559046
eISBN:
9780191595028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book presents a complete account of the theory of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals with particular reference to the processes of determining the structures of protein molecules. The book ... More


What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Joshua S. Bloom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Gamma-ray bursts are the brightest—and, until recently, among the least understood—cosmic events in the universe. Discovered by chance during the Cold War, these evanescent high-energy explosions ... More


Introduction

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This introductory chapter presents the background story on the discovery and research on gamma-ray bursts (GRB). In 1963, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and U.S. President John F. Kennedy agreed to ... More


Gamma-Ray Bursts as Probes of the Universe

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on how gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are emerging as unique tools in the study of broad areas of astronomy and physics by virtue of their special properties. The unassailable fact ... More


Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

William Clegg, Alexander J Blake, Jacqueline M Cole, John S O Evans, Peter Main, Simon Parsons, and David J Watkin (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book presents a less mathematical approach to X-ray crystal structure determination than is given in some detailed texts and concentrates on practical aspects. The book provides the necessary ... More


Introduction to diffraction

Peter Main

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This introductory chapter provides information on some fundamental aspects of crystal structures and their diffraction of X-rays as a basis for the rest of the book. It describes electrons, atoms, ... More


Compton scattering instrumentation for laboratory-based photon sources

S. Manninen

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter covers the gamma-ray spectrometers in common use before the regular application of synchrotron sources, which was discussed in Chapter 3, and the focussing spectrometers that have ... More


Into the Belly of the Beast

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the definition, emission, and central engine of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Before the afterglow era, GRBs were essentially defined by observations of their high-energy emission. ... More


Afterglows

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the search for afterglows of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In 1996, Peter Mészáros (Pennsylvania State University) and Martin J. Rees (Cambridge University) began developing a ... More


The Events in Context

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Prompt and afterglow emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are largely driven by the central engine behavior, the explosion properties, and the physics of relativistic shocks. Those seconds, minutes, ... More


“We Need to Change the Statute”: The Promise (and Limits) of Statutory Reform

Shawn Francis Peters

in When Prayer Fails: Faith Healing, Children, and the Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306354
eISBN:
9780199867714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306354.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter entails a discussion of how lawmakers in several states – including Colorado, Massachusetts, and Oregon – have reacted to prominent cases of religion-based medical neglect by attempting ... More


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