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The Behavioral Consequences of Irrational Beliefs

Aurora Szentagotai and Jason Jones

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the relation between rational/irrational thinking and behavior. It reviews studies assessing the irrational beliefs-dysfunctional/maladaptive behavior relationship, and focused ... More


Decision Theory and Rationality

José Luis Bermúdez

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The concept of rationality is a common thread through the human and social sciences — from political science to philosophy, from economics to sociology, from management science to decision analysis. ... More


Rationality and Rational Psychotherapy: The Heart of REBT

Arthur Still

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In 1958 Albert Ellis published “Rational Psychotherapy,” a brief paper marking the beginning of cognitive therapies. As the therapy developed and he gained followers, he changed the name to ... More


The Neurobiology of Individual Decision Making, Dualism, and Legal Accountability

Paul W. Glimcher

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

There has been an increasing interest in neurobiological analyses of the causes of behavior among many practitioners of criminal law. In some institutional circles this has crystallized as an ... More


Irrational and Rational Beliefs and Physical Health

Julie B. Schnur, Guy H. Montgomery, and Daniel David

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter proposes a theoretical model that could potentially increase our understanding of the effects of irrational beliefs on health outcomes. It has been written that REBT “is perhaps the only ... More


Marr, Memory, and Heuristics

Lael J. Schooler

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Michael Watkins has said that a cognitive theory “is a bit like someone else’s toothbrush—it is fine for the individual’s use, but for the rest of us…well, we would just rather not, thank you.” To ... More


Intelligence and rational behaviour in the bottlenosed dolphin

Louis M. Herman

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the intelligence and rational behaviour in four bottlenose dolphins evidenced by their cognitive accomplishments. It ... More


Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Duane Rumbaugh and David Washburn

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

What is animal intelligence? In what ways is it similar to human intelligence? Many behavioral scientists have realized that animals can be rational, can think in abstract symbols, can understand and ... More


Rationality: Why Social Context Matters

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Social rationality is a specific form of ecological rationality, one in which the environment consists of other humans. The program of social rationality explains human judgment and decision making ... More


Belief and Behaviour

DAVID J. BARTHOLOMEW

in Uncertain Belief: Is it Rational to be a Christian?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198270140
eISBN:
9780191683923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270140.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter takes on how these supernatural or religious beliefs are reasonable enough for people to allow this supernaturalism to affect their behaviour, especially in terms of commitment. It ... More


Rational or associative? Imitation in Japanese quail

David Papineau and Cecilia Heyes

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the heuristic and theoretical importance of a distinction between rational and associative behaviour in animals in the ... More


Rationality and metacognition in non-human animals

Joëlle Proust

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the evolution of rationality and metacognition in non-human animals. It charts the adaptive steps that lead from merely ... More


Introduction: Women, Economic Change, and Housework in Ireland, 1890–1914

JOANNA BOURKE

in Husbandry to Housewifery: Women, Economic Change, and Housework in Ireland 1890-1914

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203858
eISBN:
9780191676024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203858.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

The market is a model of human relations. The price of commodities is an indicator of their relative worth. The ‘factors of production’, including human labour, receive their economic value in the ... More


Quantal Response Equilibrium in Normal-Form Games

Jacob K. Goeree, Charles A. Holt, and Thomas R. Palfrey

in Quantal Response Equilibrium: A Stochastic Theory of Games

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691124230
eISBN:
9781400880928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124230.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter lays out the general theory of quantal response equilibrium (QRE) for normal-form games. It starts with the reduced-form approach to QR, based on the direct specification of “regular” ... More


Metareasoning and Bounded Rationality

Shlomo Zilberstein

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter explores the relationship between computational models of rational behavior and metareasoning. It examines several approaches to bounded rationality, dividing them into four broad ... More


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