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Goods (Benefits) and Evils (Harms)

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides definitions of goods (benefits) and evils (harms), and presents lists of the basic goods and evils. It establishes the objectivity of the concepts of goods (benefits) and evils ... More


Introduction

Bernard Gert

in Common Morality: Deciding What to Do

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195173710
eISBN:
9780199785926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173716.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introduction discusses the areas of widespread agreement about morality, and lists those features of rational human nature that account for it. The sources of unresolvable moral disagreement, ... More


The Role of the UK Media in the Communications Strategies of France's Grande École Business Schools

Brigitte Fournier

in Franco-British Academic Partnerships: The Next Chapter: The Next Chapter

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846316630
eISBN:
9781846316777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846316777.026
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

A high priority of French business schools is to recruit top students for master's and executive education programmes. They rely on international media for editorial coverage and inclusion in the ... More


How Industry Analysts Shape the Digital Future

Neil Pollock and Robin Williams

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198704928
eISBN:
9780191774027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704928.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Strategy

This book explores the emergence of a new class of expert—the industry analyst—whose advice has enormous impacts across IT markets. In just over 30 years, Gartner Inc. has emerged as market leader ... More


Ranking Devices: The Socio-Materiality of Ratings

Neil Pollock

in Materiality and Organizing: Social Interaction in a Technological World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199664054
eISBN:
9780191745423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664054.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Despite the growing importance of formal rankings within the economy, we still have relatively little understanding of the materiality of rankings. By this it is meant the various “devices” that go ... More


Great Expectations: The Materiality of Commensurability in Social Media

Susan V. Scott and Wanda J. Orlikowski

in Materiality and Organizing: Social Interaction in a Technological World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199664054
eISBN:
9780191745423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664054.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter considers the question of commensuration — the process of comparison according to a common metric — and how it is accomplished on online social media websites. When commensurability is ... More


Life in an Era of Status Abundance

Joel Best

in Everyone's a Winner: Life in Our Congratulatory Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267169
eISBN:
9780520948488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267169.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The Great German Sociologist Max Weber contended that societies rank their members along economic, political, and social dimensions. Social scientists act as though class and power are more ... More


Evaluating Prime-Ministerial Performance: The British Experience

Kevin Theakston

in Understanding Prime-Ministerial Performance: Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199666423
eISBN:
9780191751462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666423.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the birth and evolution of ranking exercises as a vehicle for scholarly and public reflection on prime-ministerial performance in the United Kingdom. While there is a limited ... More


Evaluating Prime-Ministerial Performance: The Canadian Experience

Stephen Azzi and Norman Hillmer

in Understanding Prime-Ministerial Performance: Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199666423
eISBN:
9780191751462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666423.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the results of several expert rankings of Canadian prime ministers that have been conducted over the last half-century, the most recent of which was initiated by the authors in ... More


Evaluating Prime-Ministerial Performance: The Australian Experience

Paul Strangio

in Understanding Prime-Ministerial Performance: Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199666423
eISBN:
9780191751462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666423.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter reviews the results of a series of rankings of Australian prime ministers. The chapter contextualizes that review within a discussion of the reluctance in Australia towards systematic ... More


Evaluating Prime-Ministerial Performance: The New Zealand Experience

Jon Johansson and Stephen Levine

in Understanding Prime-Ministerial Performance: Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199666423
eISBN:
9780191751462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666423.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter compares the results of a ranking of New Zealand prime ministers instigated by the authors in 2011 with the only previous exercise of this type carried out in the late 1990s. The authors ... More


Green African States and International Relations

Carl Death

in The Green State in Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300215830
eISBN:
9780300224894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215830.003.0007
Subject:
History, African History

Transnational and international relations are also crucial to the production of green state effects, and this chapter profiles a range of examples, from climate change diplomacy, to environmental aid ... More


Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing

Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015134
eISBN:
9780262295604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book argues that the traditional theory of social choice offers no acceptable solution to the problems of how to elect, judge, or rank. It finds that the traditional model—transforming the ... More


Judging in Practice

Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

in Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015134
eISBN:
9780262295604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents mechanisms that help in transforming scores, measures, or grades of judges into the jury’s scores to determine the final rankings in wine, figure skating, diving, and other ... More


Global Competitiveness, Privatization, Dignified Spaces, and Curricular Reform in Indian Higher Education

Kanti Bajpai

in The Future of Indian Universities: Comparative and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199480654
eISBN:
9780199090945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199480654.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Every ranking system rates Indian universities poorly against their Asian counterparts in China, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, and South Korea, and in some cases, even universities in Indonesia, ... More


Noticing Numbers: How Quantification Changes What We See and What We Don’t

Wendy Nelson Espeland and Stacy E. Lom

in Making Things Valuable

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198712282
eISBN:
9780191780769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712282.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

Valuing is a complex process that shapes how we think about the world, one that highlights certain relations and objects but obscures others. Valuing often contributes to making what was once visible ... More


University Rankings: The Manifestation and Driver of Competition for Excellence within the New Higher-Education Landscape

Jan Sadlak

in University Adaptation in Difficult Economic Times

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989393
eISBN:
9780190206383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989393.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Performance, recognition, prestige, visibility, all issues directly or indirectly associated with “quality,” has definitely been a concern of the university long before the current attention to ... More


Institutions Encouraging Competition, Instrumentalism, and Meaningless Research

Mats Alvesson, Yiannis Gabriel, and Roland Paulsen

in Return to Meaning: A Social Science with Something to Say

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198787099
eISBN:
9780191829161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787099.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

The rise of mass education has led to mass research—quantity dominates quality. A ruthless institutional competition for status, plus academics pushing to get published in the ‘right’, ... More


The Academic Arms Race: International Rankings and Global Competition for World-Class Universities

Jürgen Enders

in The Institutional Development of Business Schools

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198713364
eISBN:
9780191781773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713364.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter draws on institutional field theories in discussing the institutional work done by international rankings in the global competition for world-class universities. Rankings provide an ... More


Discipline as Institutional Maintenance: The Case of Business School Rankings

Andreas Rasche, Ulrich Hommel, and Eric Cornuel

in The Institutional Development of Business Schools

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198713364
eISBN:
9780191781773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713364.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Drawing on the case of business school rankings, this chapter considers how institutions are maintained and remain persistent despite their contested nature. It is argued that rankings as ... More


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