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Martin-Löf randomness and its variants

André Nies

in Computability and Randomness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230761
eISBN:
9780191710988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230761.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter begins with a general background on how to introduce mathematical randomness notions. It then studies the central randomness notion of Martin–Löf, and gives some connections to ... More


Regulating ‘Village Life’ In Central Government

Christopher Hood, Colin Scott, Oliver James, George Jones, and Tony Travers

in Regulation Inside Government: Waste-Watchers, Quality Police, and Sleazebusters

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280996
eISBN:
9780191599491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280998.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Examines the practices of regulation over central government. It starts from the observation that control based on mutuality has traditionally been of central importance and assesses the extent to ... More


Regulating the Regulators: Policies for Reform

Christopher Hood, Colin Scott, Oliver James, George Jones, and Tony Travers

in Regulation Inside Government: Waste-Watchers, Quality Police, and Sleazebusters

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280996
eISBN:
9780191599491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280998.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Examines the overall pattern of different forms of control – oversight, mutuality, competition and contrived randomness – and suggests that each could be used more effectively to secure public ... More


Control and Regulation in Public Management

Christopher Hood

in The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297659
eISBN:
9780191599484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297653.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In Chapters 2–3 of the Introduction, the cultural‐theory framework is used to explore two central problems of public management—the analysis of the characteristic ways in which different forms of ... More


Doing Public Management the Fatalist Way?

Christopher Hood

in The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297659
eISBN:
9780191599484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297653.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the four chapters of Part II, public management ideas that loosely correspond to each of the four polar world views identified by cultural theory are discussed; here the cultural‐theory framework ... More


Lowness properties and K-triviality

André Nies

in Computability and Randomness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230761
eISBN:
9780191710988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230761.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter shows the equivalence of K-triviality and lowness for Martin–Löf randomness. This coincidence extends to other lowness properties, such as being a base for Martin–Löf randomness, and ... More


Randomness and betting strategies

André Nies

in Computability and Randomness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230761
eISBN:
9780191710988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230761.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Martingales form the mathematical counterpart of betting strategies. This chapter studies computable randomness, where the tests are computable martingales, and separates it from both Martin–Löf ... More


Higher computability and randomness

André Nies

in Computability and Randomness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230761
eISBN:
9780191710988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230761.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

After a brief introduction to higher computability theory, tools from this area are used to obtain mathematical notions of randomness. Many directions from the previous chapters are revisited in this ... More


Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

As people have spread around the world, they have taken with them a broad range of other species to satisfy a variety of human needs. Some of these species went on to establish wild populations well ... More


Transport and Introduction

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers the first two steps on the invasion pathway: transport and introduction. It starts by summarizing why what we know about the history of avian invasions leads us to expect ... More


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