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The Serpell Report

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The Serpell Report, Review of Railway Finances, published in January 1983 was the most important policy document of the decade to affect the railway industry. The ramifications of the report spread ... More


Introduction: British Rail after 25 Years of Nationalisation

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This introductory chapter presents an assessment of the British railway system under nationalization, public perceptions of rail transport, and the ‘political’ economy of the railways. Topics ... More


British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Terry Gourvish

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Britain's privatized railways continue to provoke debate about the organization, financing, and development of the railway system. This important book provides an authoritative account of the ... More


Post‐Second World War British Railways: The Unintended Consequences of Insufficient Government Intervention

Timothy Leunig

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines the performance of Britain's railways, as measured by the speed of travel. It looks at the post-1945 period and assesses not the overall gains in speed, but the distribution of ... More


Safety

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the increased attention on railway safety issues following the Clapham accident. Topics covered include the transformation of the safety culture, additional spending on safety, ... More


The Privatisation Debate and ‘Organising for Quality’

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter examines the initial approach to rail privatization which developed in the 1980s, the Board's attempts to manage the railway in the face of uncertainty, and the impact of the decision of ... More


Reorganising for Privatisation, 1992–4

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter focuses on the reorganization of the British Railways Board to make way for privatization. Topics discussed include the new railway structure and the management of the restructuring ... More


Cost Control and Investment in the post‐Serpell Railway

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter focuses on the efforts of British Rail to address some of the major problems identified by the Serpell Review of Railway Finances. These include operating costs, the size of the network, ... More


Epilogue

Rikkie Yeung

in Moving Millions: The Commercial Success and Political Controversies of Hong Kong's Railway

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098824
eISBN:
9789882207196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098824.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

On December 12, 2007, the history of Hong Kong railways turned to a new page. The operation of all railways systems was merged under MTRC Limited. The KCRC ceased to be a railway operator and was ... More


Endgame

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter summarizes the main steps in the privatization of railways after 1994 and evaluates the performance of public sector management over twenty years of significant change. It is shown that ... More


The World's First Railway System: Enterprise, Competition, and Regulation on the Railway Network in Victorian Britain

Mark Casson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199213979
eISBN:
9780191707469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213979.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Organization Studies

The British railway network was a monument to Victorian private enterprise. Its masterpieces of civil engineering were emulated around the world. But its performance was controversial: praised for ... More


Sector Management and New Performance Targets

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter focuses on the advent of sector management in British Rail with the return to office of the Conservatives in 1979. Topics covered include the establishment of sector management during ... More


Selling the Subsidiary Businesses

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the significance of the disposal of the British Railways Board's subsidiary businesses. These include British Transport Hotels, Sealink and the harbours, property portfolio, ... More


Business Performance, Pricing, and Productivity

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the British Railways Board's management changes and the political climate in which the board operated during the early 1990s. It then discusses the challenges ... More


Investment and the Channel Tunnell

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter focuses on railway investments. Topics discussed include investment promotion, reduced investment spending in 1990, the need for project management and procurement, and investments on ... More


Trajectories in Science

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter looks at nine different modes of scientific activity pursued by Quakers and Jews. These range from the wealthy amateur — including several Jews who pursued science in an upper-class, ... More


Introduction and Summary

Mark Casson

in The World's First Railway System: Enterprise, Competition, and Regulation on the Railway Network in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199213979
eISBN:
9780191707469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213979.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses controversies over the performance of the British railway system. It introduces a new source of evidence: the deposited plans of railway companies. This source is used to ... More


Railways in the Victorian Economy

Mark Casson

in The World's First Railway System: Enterprise, Competition, and Regulation on the Railway Network in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199213979
eISBN:
9780191707469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213979.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Organization Studies

This chapter argues that Victorian Britain was not so committed to laissez faire as some historians have suggested. Although railways were privately promoted they needed to be authorized individually ... More


The Counterfactual Network

Mark Casson

in The World's First Railway System: Enterprise, Competition, and Regulation on the Railway Network in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199213979
eISBN:
9780191707469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213979.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Organization Studies

The counterfactual railway system was constructed using nine heuristic principles. The most important was the Steiner Principle, which asserts that under certain conditions an optimal railway network ... More


Regional Comparisons

Mark Casson

in The World's First Railway System: Enterprise, Competition, and Regulation on the Railway Network in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199213979
eISBN:
9780191707469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213979.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Organization Studies

A national railway system can be analyzed as a collection of regional sub-systems joined by an inter-regional trunk network. A major weakness of the British railway system, as developed in Victorian ... More


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