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Introduction

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Obstacles to democratization and pre‐conditions for transformative change are examined, as are changing evaluations of Mikhail Gorbachev. The weakness of the dissident movement in the first half of ... More


Contentious Politics in Western Europe and the United States

Sidney Tarrow

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The first part of this chapter examines the four main types of political contention outlined in the introduction to it: expressive contention, reformist contention, integral contention and communal ... More


1968

Hugh McLeod

in The Religious Crisis of the 1960s

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199298259
eISBN:
9780191711619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298259.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the social and religious upheavals of 1968. In the later 1960s, hopes for speedy and radical changes in both church and society were at a very high level. Christian radicals ... More


Young Egyptians’ Quest for Jobs and Justice

Linda Herrera

in Being Young and Muslim: New Cultural Politics in the Global South and North

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195369212
eISBN:
9780199871179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369212.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Islam

Youth in Egypt and throughout the Muslim Middle East are the most educated and globalized generation in history. Yet they are coming of age in a climate of unemployment, repressive regimes, a youth ... More


The Rational Believer: Choices and Decisions in the Madrasas of Pakistan

Masooda Bano

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450440
eISBN:
9780801463860
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450440.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Islamic schools, or madrasas, have been accused of radicalizing Muslims and participating, either actively or passively, in terrorist networks since the events of 9/11. In Pakistan, the 2007 siege by ... More


The Terrorism Act 2006: Discouraging Terrorism

Tufyal Choudhury

in Extreme Speech and Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548781
eISBN:
9780191720673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548781.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The UK's Terrorism Act 2006 makes it an offence for a person to publish statements that directly or indirectly encourage or induce a person to the commission, preparation, or instigation of acts of ... More


In the Wake of the Great Rebellion: Republicanism, Agrarianism and Banditry in Ireland After 1798

James G. Patterson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076930
eISBN:
9781781700822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076930.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

On Monday 19 September 1803, the most significant trial in the history of Ireland took place in Dublin. At the dock stood a twenty-five-year-old former Trinity College student and doctor's son. His ... More


Re-evaluating Irish National Security Policy: Affordable Threats?

Michael Mulqueen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719080272
eISBN:
9781781702734
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719080272.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

On the afternoon of September 11 2001 the Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach), Bertie Ahern ordered the ‘heads of the security services of key government departments’ to undertake a complete ... More


The General Election of 1885

PATRICIA LYNCH

in The Liberal Party in Rural England 1885-1910: Radicalism and Community

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199256211
eISBN:
9780191719677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256211.003.01
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the causes and the nature of the dramatic changes that overtook the rural Liberal party between 1884 and 1886. The first three sections, which focus on the constituencies of ... More


The Attempt at Liberalization

Graeme Gill and Roger D. Markwick

in Russia's Stillborn Democracy?: From Gorbachev to Yeltsin

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240418
eISBN:
9780191599347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240418.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

On achieving power, Gorbachev initially sought to introduce a range of political and economic measures that would remedy the system's problems without fundamentally changing its structure. However, ... More


Frontiers of Fear: Immigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe

Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450686
eISBN:
9780801463914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

On both sides of the Atlantic, restrictive immigration policies have been framed as security imperatives since the 1990s. This trend accelerated in the aftermath of 9/11 and subsequent terrorist ... More


Conclusion

Alison Sharrock

in The Arab Minority in Israel, 1967–1991: Political Aspects

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277125
eISBN:
9780191684159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277125.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter discusses the essence and scope of political radicalization of the Arab minority in Israel. Arab politics is divided between ... More


Peripheral Parties’ Electoral Strategies after Devolution

Sonia Alonso

in Challenging the State: Devolution and the Battle for Partisan Credibility: A Comparison of Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691579
eISBN:
9780191741234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691579.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter analyses the strategic reaction of peripheral parties in response to the state parties’ pro-periphery moves. The chapter discusses under what conditions the peripheral parties’ ... More


The European Union's fight against terrorism: Discourse, Policies, Identity

Christopher Baker-Beall

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719091063
eISBN:
9781526115294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091063.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book is about the language of the European Union’s response to the threat of terrorism: the ‘fight against terrorism’. Since its re-emergence in the wake of the terrorist attacks on September ... More


Processes of Radicalization: Dissimilarities in Similarities

Eitan Y. Alimi, Chares Demetriou, and Lorenzo Bosi

in The Dynamics of Radicalization: A Relational and Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199937707
eISBN:
9780190236601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937707.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Social Movements and Social Change

The chapter engages in a systematic comparison of the three episodes of radicalization featured centrally in the book, that of the Red Brigades, EOKA, and al-Qaeda. While earlier chapters analyzed ... More


Conclusion: The Relational Dynamics of Radicalization

Eitan Y. Alimi, Chares Demetriou, and Lorenzo Bosi

in The Dynamics of Radicalization: A Relational and Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199937707
eISBN:
9780190236601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937707.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Social Movements and Social Change

The chapter brings together the four main agendas of the book: conceptualizing radicalization as a process involving a shift from predominantly nonviolent forms of contention on the part of a ... More


The Spectacular Few: Prisoner Radicalization and the Evolving Terrorist Threat

Mark S. Hamm

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725443
eISBN:
9780814724071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725443.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The Madrid train bombers, shoe-bomber Richard Reid, al-Qaeda in Iraq, and the 9/11 attacks—all were led by men radicalized behind bars. By their very nature, prisons are intended to induce ... More


Ibn ‘Asakir and the Intensification and Reorientation of Sunni Jihad Ideology in Crusader-Era Syria

Suleiman A. Mourad and James E. Lindsay

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The arrival of the crusaders in Syria led several scholars to rally the Muslims around a renewed ideology of jihad. This chapter examines the work of Ibn ‘Asakir of Damascus (d. 1176). His works ... More


Wartime Radicals Envision a New Order, 1940–2

Geoffrey G. Field

in Blood, Sweat, and Toil: Remaking the British Working Class, 1939-1945

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604111
eISBN:
9780191731686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604111.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines growing public dissatisfaction with the conduct of the war at home and on the battlefield 1940–2. It discusses the features of the public ‘arena of public debate’ peculiar to ... More


The Baluch, Sunnism and the State in Iran: From Tribal to Global

Stéphane A. Dudoignon

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190655914
eISBN:
9780190872632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190655914.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Since 2002, Sunni jihadi groups have been active in Iranian Baluchistan without managing to plunge the region into chaos. This book suggests that a reason for this, besides Tehran’s military ... More


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