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Plasma Spectroscopy

Takashi Fujimoto

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530282
eISBN:
9780191713149
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530282.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This book presents a theoretical framework of plasma spectroscopy, in which the observed spectral line intensities or the populations of excited levels of atoms or ions immersed in plasma are ... More


Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

James A. Clarke

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Synchrotron radiation sources are now used routinely by thousands of research scientists and engineers throughout the world to perform experiments in biology, physics, materials science, chemistry, ... More


Semiconductor Detector Systems

Helmuth Spieler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Semiconductor sensors patterned at the micron scale combined with custom-designed integrated circuits have revolutionized semiconductor radiation detector systems. Designs covering many square meters ... More


Unusual diffraction geometries

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Unusual diffraction geometries may seem a curiosity but may stimulate novel avenues of application. Not least they illustrate a diversity of diffraction‐measuring possibilities. Laue diffraction ... More


Absolute space?

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Radio astronomy, as first applied by Penzias and Wilson, showed that all space is permeated by a low level of radiation. This is left over from the big bang at the beginning of the universe and is a ... More


X-Ray Compton Scattering

Malcolm Cooper, Peter Mijnarends, Nobuhiro Shiotani, Nobuhiko Sakai, and Arun Bansil

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers all aspects of the study of ground state electron density in condensed matter through Compton scattering of hard x-rays or gamma rays, i.e., photons with energies between 20 and 500 ... More


Introduction

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the subject of synchrotron radiation by explaining the history of particle accelerators and hence the development of these sources of intense light. An overview of the photon ... More


What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Charles D. Bailyn

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Emitting no radiation or any other kind of information, black holes mark the edge of the universe—both physically and in our scientific understanding. Yet astronomers have found clear evidence for ... More


Local Science and Organic Processes

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the ethical positions of local scientists and clinicians from the perspective of Soviet and post-Soviet scientific trajectories as well as in relation to international ... More


The Risks from Exposure to Ionizing Radiation

Roger H. Clarke

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses human health risk resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation. Since the book is concerned with environmental risk assessment, which does not normally involve deterministic ... More


Radiation and Climate

Ilias Vardavas and Frederic Taylor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This book deals with the theory of atmospheric radiation and radiation transfer, and its application to current problems related to the processes that maintain the global climate of the Earth. It ... More


THE EARTH'S RADIATION BUDGET

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The Earth's radiation budget is examined in detail, beginning with the model input data requirements to generate the radiation fluxes. Requirements for satellite and ground-based validation data, ... More


Technical Error: Measures of Life and Risk

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the sciences, politics, and international cooperations that informed Soviet state responses to the Chernobyl disaster and how they produced an image of control over ... More


Conclusion

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter summarizes the book's main findings and their implications. It describes the Chernobyl aftermath as a prism that reflects, contains, and reconfigures the vexed political-economic, ... More


An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Edmund Wilson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508298
eISBN:
9780191706363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508298.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Many scientists and engineers spend their lives designing, constructing, and running accelerators, yet few universities include a study of them in their curricula. This book is a straightforward ... More


Quantum Gravity: Third Edition

Claus Kiefer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199585205
eISBN:
9780191739378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585205.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book is concerned with the attempts to unify Einstein's theory of general relativity and quantum theory into a theory of quantum gravity. It presents, for the first time, most of the approaches ... More


Introduction to Black Hole Physics

Valeri P. Frolov and Andrei Zelnikov

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199692293
eISBN:
9780191731860
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692293.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book is a thorough and up‐to‐date introduction to black hole physics. It provides a modern and unified overview of all their aspects, physical, mathematical, astrophysical, classical, and ... More


INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter examines the factors that determine the amount of solar radiation that reaches the Earth, and which primarily controls its climate. On timescales of billion years, the Sun evolves as a ... More


Accretion onto a Black Hole

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores the ways that accretion onto a black hole produces energy and radiation. As material falls into a gravitational potential well, energy is transformed from gravitational ... More


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