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Selective Use of Police Powers

Moeckli Daniel

in Human Rights and Non-discrimination in the 'War on Terror'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239801
eISBN:
9780191716829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239801.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter demonstrates that the law enforcement agencies of all states examined are increasingly relying on so-called ‘terrorist profiles’ to select the targets of their vast array of preventive ... More


State of the Science in Racial Profiling Research: Substantive and Methodological Considerations

Meaghan Paulhamus, Robert J. Kane, and Alex R. Piquero

in Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776155
eISBN:
9780814777480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews substantive issues related to racially biased policing, and discusses how those issues complicate the definition and measurement of the phenomena. In particular, it points to the ... More


Racial Profiling

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

in Born Free and Equal?: A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature of Discrimination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199796113
eISBN:
9780199350995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796113.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 11 considers the controversial issue of racial profiling. Suppose that being a member of a certain racial group is a useful proxy for, say, an above-average probability that one engages in ... More


A Case Study: Racial Profiling

Benjamin Eidelson

in Discrimination and Disrespect

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198732877
eISBN:
9780191796890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732877.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The disrespect-based theory developed earlier in the book aspires to explain what is characteristically and intrinsically wrong about core cases of wrongful discrimination. This chapter considers at ... More


Racially Biased Policing: A Review of the Judicial and Legislative Literature

Delores Jones-Brown and Brian A. Maule

in Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776155
eISBN:
9780814777480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides an overview of the fundamental constitutional rights that inform the study of race, ethnicity, and policing; the socio-legal background in which these rights are embedded; and ... More


Measuring Discrimination

Ashwani Deshpande

in The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses how economists define discrimination and how it can be measured in the labour market. The primary method is called the ‘decomposition method’, which focuses on the gap in ... More


The Mathematics of Actuarial Prediction: The Illusion of Efficiency

in Against Prediction: Profiling, Policing, and Punishing in an Actuarial Age

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226316130
eISBN:
9780226315997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226315997.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

One of the strongest arguments for the use of actuarial methods is the economic argument based on deterrence and efficiency: assuming that people respond rationally to the costs and incentives of ... More


Racial Profiling

Sora Y. Han

in Letters of the Law: Race and the Fantasy of Colorblindness in American Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780804789110
eISBN:
9780804795012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789110.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the problem of legal interpretation in constitutional protections of privacy, including the Fourteenth Amendment rights to equal protection and due process, and the Fourth ... More


The Effects of Racial Profiling: Benefits and Costs

Jack Glaser

in Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195370409
eISBN:
9780190221058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370409.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The efficiency and effectiveness rationales for racial profiling are addressed, in terms of both criminal incapacitation and deterrence. Estimating the effectiveness of racial profiling is nearly ... More


What Is Racial Profiling?

Jack Glaser

in Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195370409
eISBN:
9780190221058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370409.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Racial profiling is defined as the use of race or ethnicity, or proxies thereof, by law enforcement officials as a basis for judgments of criminal suspicion and is discussed as a contributing factor ... More


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