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How Market Ideology Guarantees Racial Inequality

Deborah Stone

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on racial disparities in health care. It shows how certain principles of political organization in culture in the United States perpetuate racial disparities. The chapter ... More


On Becoming A Cultural Object: Academic Achievement and Acting White among Black Students

Karolyn Tyson

in Integration Interrupted: Tracking, Black Students, and Acting White after Brown

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736447
eISBN:
9780199943951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736447.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter examines the way in which racialized tracking creates racial distinctions among students that lead to the interpretation of academic achievement as acting white. It begins with a short ... More


Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Initial Child Welfare Experience: Exploring Areas of Convergence and Divergence

Robert M. Ortega, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Mary Ruffolo, Jenell Clarke, and Rebecca Karb

in Child Welfare and Child Well-Being: New Perspectives From the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195398465
eISBN:
9780199863426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398465.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

This chapter considers the issue of racial disparities in child services. Although much attention has been given to racial and ethnic differences in child welfare service receipt, the chapter looks ... More


Racial Health Disparities and Questions of Evidence: What Went Wrong with Healthy People 2010

Carolyn Moxley Rouse

in Understanding Health Inequalities and Justice: Bridging Perspectives for New Conversations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630359
eISBN:
9781469630373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630359.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The United States Healthy People 2010 initiative, designed to focus nationally funded health research and care on achieving a set of nationwide goals, was directed toward the elimination of racial ... More


At the Intersection of HIV/AIDS Disparities: Young African American Men Who Have Sex With Men

Brian Mustanski, Amy Johnson, and Robert Garofalo

in Social Work With African American Males: Health, Mental Health, and Social Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195314366
eISBN:
9780199865567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314366.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Health and Mental Health

This chapter reviews the HIV/AIDS epidemiology of young African American men who have sex with men (MSM) and the characteristics that affect prevention efforts within the African American MSM ... More


An Intervention in Progress: Pursuing Precision in School Race Talk

Mica Pollock

in Toward Positive Youth Development: Transforming Schools and Community Programs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195327892
eISBN:
9780199301478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327892.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter describes the problem of avoidance of race talk, as well as shortcomings of race talk, and potential intervention approaches to improve the ability of educators to talk about race in ... More


Poverty, Racism, and Migration: The Health of the African American Population

David R. Williams

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the racial disparities in health outcomes. It examines three possible explanations—biological differences, lifestyle, and social structures—and concludes that social ... More


Impact of Truancy

Lynn Bye, Michelle E. Alvarez, Janet Haynes, and Cindy E. Sweigart

in Truancy Prevention and Intervention: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398496
eISBN:
9780199777402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398496.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Truancy negatively impacts students in several ways. Students who are truant are more likely to fall behind academically, drop out of school, use drugs and alcohol, and be involved with the criminal ... More


Are Black-White Mortality Rates Converging?: Acute Myocardial Infarction in the United States, 1993–2010

Amitabh Chandra, Tyler Hoppenfeld, Jonathan Skinner, and David R. Weir

in Insights in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226426679
eISBN:
9780226426709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426709.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Racial and socioeconomic disparities are pervasive in U.S. health care. Recent research on trends in disparities has often shown a reduction in the magnitude of disparities in treatments. In this ... More


Racial Disparities in Databanking of DNA Profiles

Michael T. Risher

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter outlines the development of the use of DNA databanks in the criminal justice system. It examines how various steps in the criminal justice system create and magnify racial disparities, ... More


“Justice by Geography”: Racial Disparity and Juvenile Courts

Timothy M. Bary, Lisa L. Sample, and Kimberly Kempf-Leonard

in Our Children, Their Children: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226319889
eISBN:
9780226319919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319919.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Several years ago Abraham Blumberg commented that efforts to understand disparities in case processing and court decisions had focused too narrowly on race, ethnicity, and social class. To better ... More


Looking for Air: Excavating Destructive Educational and Racial Policies to Build Successful School Communities

Theresa Glennon

in Justice for Kids: Keeping Kids Out of the Juvenile Justice System

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814721377
eISBN:
9780814721384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814721377.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter considers how education can be used as part of early intervention to keep children out of the existing juvenile justice system, especially African American boys. It outlines three ... More


Citizens’ Demeanor, Race, and Traffic Stops

Robin S. Engel, Charles F. Klahm IV, and Rob Tillyer

in Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776155
eISBN:
9780814777480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter explores the post-stop arrest decision in traffic stops conducted by Cleveland police officers to determine why racial disparities might exist. The study pays close attention to citizen ... More


Correcting Racial Disparities in the Juvenile Justice System: Refining Prosecutorial Discretion

Kristin Henning

in A New Juvenile Justice System: Total Reform for a Broken System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479898800
eISBN:
9781479800308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479898800.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter focuses on the pervasive racial disparities in the existing juvenile justice system. Notwithstanding the growing body of developmental research demonstrating that much of juvenile crime ... More


Just Sentencing: Principles and Procedures for a Workable System

Richard S. Frase

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199757862
eISBN:
9780199979547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757862.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book presents a hybrid sentencing model integrating theory and practice. The theory is an expanded version of limiting retributivism that accommodates crime control and other nonretributive ... More


Nature versus Nurture in the Explanations for Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities: Parsing Disparities in the Era of Genome-Wide Association Studies

Jay S. Kaufman, Dinela Rushani, and Richard S. Cooper

in Reconsidering Race: Social Science Perspectives on Racial Categories in the Age of Genomics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190465285
eISBN:
9780190465315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465285.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter points out that some researchers explain the higher mortality rates among blacks in the United States as “nature”, blaming such rates primarily on blacks' genetic makeup. Others explain ... More


Ethnicity, Repression, and Fields of Action in Movement Mobilization

Pamela E. Oliver

in The Future of Social Movement Research: Dynamics, Mechanisms, and Processes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816686513
eISBN:
9781452948928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816686513.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This paper argues that ethnic divisions and majority-minority dynamics impact the prospects for mobilization and the likelihood of repression, which further affects mobilization. Majority movements ... More


Strategies to Challenge Institutional Racism and Color Blindness in the Health Sector

Kia Lilly Caldwell

in Health Equity in Brazil: Intersections of Gender, Race, and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252040986
eISBN:
9780252099533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040986.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

By analyzing initiatives related to institutional racism and the collection of color/race data, this chapter elucidates the ways in which discourses on race, racism, and racial identity have taken ... More


Lessons from the Law and Empirical Research Addressing School Segregation and Diversity

Roger J.R. Levesque

in The Science and Law of School Segregation and Diversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190633639
eISBN:
9780190633653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190633639.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents the overall conclusion that emerges from the book, which is that empirical findings may play a role in shaping legal responses to segregation and diversity in schools, but the ... More


What Is Racial Profiling?

Jack Glaser

in Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195370409
eISBN:
9780190221058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370409.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Racial profiling is defined as the use of race or ethnicity, or proxies thereof, by law enforcement officials as a basis for judgments of criminal suspicion and is discussed as a contributing factor ... More


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