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Rabbinic Judaism

Robert Eisen

in The Peace and Violence of Judaism: From the Bible to Modern Zionism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751471
eISBN:
9780199894833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751471.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The first reading of rabbinic Judaism argues that rabbinic texts promote peace. In the wake of failed rebellions against Rome, the rabbis rejected violence. They claimed that these events came about ... More


Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Martin S. Jaffee

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book is a study of the relationship of oral tradition to written sources among different Jewish groups that thrived in Palestine from the later Second Temple period into Late Antiquity. Its main ... More


Introduction

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This introductory chapter argues that not only the emerging Christianity drew on contemporary Judaism but that rabbinic Judaism, too, tapped into ideas and concepts of Christianity to shape its own ... More


Introduction

Eliezer Diamond

in Holy Men and Hunger Artists: Fasting and Asceticism in Rabbinic Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195137507
eISBN:
9780199849772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137507.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book is part of a lifelong effort to make sense of two of the strangest and most difficult, and yet most formative and inspirational aspects of life: fasting and asceticism in rabbinic culture. ... More


Brothers Estranged: Heresy, Christianity and Jewish Identity in Late Antiquity

Adiel Schremer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195383775
eISBN:
9780199777280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383775.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This book seeks to reconstruct the earliest rabbinic discourse of minut (frequently understood as the Hebrew equivalent of the Christian term “heresy”), and to reassess the place that early ... More


Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Christine E. Hayes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

For more than a century, scholars of ancient Judaism and early Christianity have assumed that ancient Jews viewed Gentiles as ritually impure, and that this alleged principle of Gentile ritual ... More


 “And Jacob Remained Alone”: The Jewish Struggle with Celibacy

Eliezer Diamond

in Celibacy and Religious Traditions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306316
eISBN:
9780199867721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Judaism has been opposed to celibacy because marriage was a normal condition and a divine ordinance. The Jewish tradition provides evidence of exceptions to the rule against celibacy among marginal ... More


Avot's Chain of Transmission and Early Christian Parallels

Amram Tropper

in Wisdom, Politics, and Historiography: Tractate Avot in the Context of the Graeco-Roman Near East

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199267125
eISBN:
9780191699184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267125.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter compares Avot's chain of transmission to the succession lists of the early Christian church. It continues the exploration of the wide historical context for Avot by focusing on ... More


Epilogue: Personal Reflections on Where We Go from Here

Robert Eisen

in The Peace and Violence of Judaism: From the Bible to Modern Zionism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751471
eISBN:
9780199894833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751471.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Epilogue shares personal reflection on the practical ramifications of this study. Most important, if violent and peaceful readings of Judaism are both possible, can Judaism provide Jews with ... More


Introduction

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Introduces key technical terms referring to the composition and transmission of oral tradition, and proposes a general theoretical model for studying the various elements of Jewish oral tradition in ... More


Confounding Blood: Jewish Narratives of Sacrifice and Violence in Late Antiquity

Boustan Ra‘anan S.

in Ancient Mediterranean Sacrifice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738960
eISBN:
9780199918676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738960.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

As Ra‘anan Boustan observes, sacrificial cult remained the dominant paradigm for religious piety among Jews and Christians, despite the absence of sacrificial practices in both contexts. ... More


The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Peter Schäfer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In late antiquity, as Christianity emerged from Judaism, it was not only the new religion that was being influenced by the old. The rise and revolutionary challenge of Christianity also had a ... More


Exegetical Cultures 2: Law and Religion

Garth Fowden

in Before and After Muhammad: The First Millennium Refocused

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158532
eISBN:
9781400848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158532.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines several other major learned or religious traditions that flourished during the First Millennium, with particular emphasis on their maturation through exegesis of and commentary ... More


Holy Men and Hunger Artists: Fasting and Asceticism in Rabbinic Culture

Eliezer Diamond

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195137507
eISBN:
9780199849772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137507.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The existence of ascetic elements within rabbinic Judaism has generally been either overlooked or actually denied. This is in part because asceticism is not commonly identified with celibacy, whereas ... More


The Peace and Violence of Judaism: From the Bible to Modern Zionism

Robert Eisen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751471
eISBN:
9780199894833
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751471.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This study provides a comprehensive analysis of Jewish views on peace and violence. It examines five major thought-worlds in Judaism—the Bible, rabbinic Judaism, medieval Jewish philosophy, Kabbalah, ... More


Introduction

Christine E. Hayes

in Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151206
eISBN:
9780199834273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151208.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The ethnic identity of ancient Israelites was constructed in opposition to Gentile, or alien, “others” and was expressed in terms of purity and impurity. Different constructions of Jewish identity ... More


Rabbinic Responses to War's Failure

Reuven Firestone

in Holy War in Judaism: The Fall and Rise of a Controversial Idea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860302
eISBN:
9780199950621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860302.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In the wake of the Destruction rose a new class of Jewish leadership in the rabbis. This chapter discusses the emergence and dominance of Rabbinic Judaism and its sacred literature after the ... More


The State of Mishnah Studies

AMRAM TROPPER

in Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264744
eISBN:
9780191734663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the current state of research into mishnah, the first major work of rabbinic Judaism. It explains that the mishnah is primarily an edited anthology of brief and often elliptical ... More


Hekhalot Literature and the Origins of Jewish Mysticism

PETER SCHÄFER

in Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264744
eISBN:
9780191734663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.003.0016
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the origins of Jewish mysticism and the Hekhalot liteature. The findings do not confirm the trend in modern scholarship which locates the origins of Jewish mysticism in the ... More


The Palestinian Context of Rabbinic Judaism

FERGUS MILLAR

in Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264744
eISBN:
9780191734663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the rabbinic Judaism from the Palestinian context. It suggests that it is not possible to provide any unambiguous framework which will offer clues to the context, or contexts, ... More


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