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The Politics of Presence

Anne Phillips

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294153
eISBN:
9780191600098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294158.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

A number of contemporary democracies have introduced measures to ensure a more equitable representation of women and/or ethnic minority citizens within elected assemblies. These measures have ... More


The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Ashwani Deshpande

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book examines the contemporary nature of caste disparities in India by using a framework that integrates discussions on caste from other social science disciplines with those from within ... More


Electoral Systems—Simple and Complex

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

To allocate seats to candidates or parties, even a simple electoral system must specify at least the following: the total number of seats in the assembly (assembly size); the number of seats ... More


Chapter 3

Georgina Waylen

in Engendering Transitions: Women's Mobilization, Institutions and Gender Outcomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248032
eISBN:
9780191714894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248032.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Using the discussion of the gendered nature of institutions, such as political parties developed in Part One, as its starting point, Part Three concentrates on the electoral arena. To determine the ... More


Introduction to Gender Quotas

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter introduces quotas as a global phenomenon. It begins by presenting an overview of the three main types of quota policies: reserved seats, party quotas, and legislative quotas. These are ... More


A Decade of Government‐Mandated Privately Run Pensions in Mexico: What Have We Learned? *

Tapen Sinha and Maria de los Angeles Yañez

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

On July 1, 1997, a new privatized pension plan — called the Seguro de Retiro, Cesantía en Edad Avanzada y Vejez (RCV, or Retirement and Old Age Insurance) — took effect in Mexico. This chapter begins ... More


Contested Areas of Sovereignty: Labor Migration and Asylum Policy in New Countries of Immigration: Ireland, Italy, and Poland

Georg Menz

in The Political Economy of Managed Migration: Nonstate Actors, Europeanization, and the Politics of Designing Migration Policies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533886
eISBN:
9780191714771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533886.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter explores the politics of migration in three recent countries of immigration. The analysis of employers, trade unions, and humanitarian NGOs in shaping national migration policies again ... More


‘The Gravest Menace?’ American Immigration Policy

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King uses historical archival research to examine American immigration policy's formulation between 1900 and 1930, and illustrates how racial quotas and eugenic categories shaped restrictions on ... More


Quotas for Women

Anne Phillips

in The Politics of Presence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294153
eISBN:
9780191600098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294158.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In recent decades, a significant number of political parties have taken steps to increase the representation of women in national assemblies, often by introducing gender quotas. The arguments for ... More


Conclusions and Directions for Future Research

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents an overview of the findings of the book. It reviews the framework developed for analyzing the adoption and implementation of gender quota policies, as well as the insights ... More


Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Lawrence Mills

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Protecting Free Trade is the story of a paradox that both limited and stimulated Hong Kong’s post-war economy. In order to preserve its access to open markets, Hong Kong was obligated by ... More


The Sun Also Rises and “Mobilization Wounds”: Emasculation, Joke Fronts, Military School Wannabes, and Postwar Jewish Quotas

Keith Gandal

in The Gun and the Pen: Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner and the Fiction of Mobilization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195338911
eISBN:
9780199867127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195338911.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter turns to Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises and discusses its plot and characters in terms of the wartime meritocratic mobilization and the postwar development of Jewish quotas at ... More


Choosing management approaches

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter outlines the range of management strategies that can be used to achieve effective management of natural resources use, including regulatory tools (such as hunting bans, quotas, and ... More


Global and Regional Institutions and the Regulation of Trade

Christel Lane and Jocelyn Probert

in National Capitalisms, Global Production Networks: Fashioning the Value Chain in the UK, US, and Germany

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214815
eISBN:
9780191721779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214815.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter shows how trade regulations and the global and regional institutions within which they are framed have distinctively shaped the textile and clothing industry for almost fifty years. It ... More


What is to be Done?

Ashwani Deshpande

in The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the Indian affirmative action (AA) programme, which primarily takes the form of caste-based quotas. Unlike in the US context, which has produced empirical studies of the ... More


Party Quotas in Sweden and the United Kingdom

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines campaigns for party quotas in Sweden and the United Kingdom. Before quotas, both countries had relatively similar levels of female representation. In Sweden, advocates pressed ... More


Legislative Quotas in Argentina and France

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores campaigns for legislative quotas in Argentina and France. Before quotas, these countries had almost identical proportions of women in parliament. In Argentina, a quota law was ... More


The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions: Political Engagement and Participation

Miki Caul Kittilson and Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199608607
eISBN:
9780191745799
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608607.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In most countries around the world, women continue to lag behind men in an array of political orientations and activities. Understanding why this is the case and why some countries have been more ... More


Decentralization

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Candidate selection methods may be decentralized in two senses: territorial and social. When political parties select candidates using only a national party selectorate – inclusive or exclusive – ... More


Descriptive Representation: Electing Women in Latin America

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in Political Power and Women’s Representation in Latin America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731954
eISBN:
9780199866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731954.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Why do more women get elected to Latin American legislatures today than 30 years ago and why are more women elected in some countries than others? This chapter examines how formal representation ... More


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