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Preference Elicitation in Combinatorial Auctions

Tuomas Sandholm and Craig Boutilier

in Combinatorial Auctions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033428
eISBN:
9780262302920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033428.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses the ways that can be helpful in handling the preference elicitation problem in combinatorial auctions. It begins with a discussion of a general elicitation framework and ... More


Basic Interaction in Dialogue

Jonathan Ginzburg

in The Interactive Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697922
eISBN:
9780191738425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697922.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter starts by considering the public/private dichotomy in representing the information states of conversational participants. Following that, the components of the public part of information ... More


Natural history

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that, given our lack of epistemic access to the inner natures of substances, Locke believed that the correct method of natural philosophy is the construction of Baconian natural ... More


Dictionary writing systems and beyond

Andrea Abel

in Electronic Lexicography

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654864
eISBN:
9780191745966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654864.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, Semantics and Pragmatics

Compiling a dictionary is a challenging, laborious and time-consuming task, sometimes real ‘drudgery’. For many years, collecting data and compiling dictionary entries was done with pen and paper, ... More


The Prolog Language

Levesque Hector J.

in Thinking as Computation: A First Course

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016995
eISBN:
9780262301411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016995.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter explains how to write computer programs in a language called Prolog. The first section examines the makeup of Prolog programs in detail. The second section does the same for Prolog ... More


Art and Knowledge

John Ryder

in The Things in Heaven and Earth: An Essay in Pragmatic Naturalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823244683
eISBN:
9780823252770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244683.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

Chapter 7 develops an epistemology that allows for the cognitive nature of art. That art can be, though need not be, cognitive is assumed by artists, writers, critics, art historians, and others. ... More


4.3 Use of the Semantic Web in e-Research

Kieron O’Hara, Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, and Nigel Shadbolt

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

“Semantic Web” refers to a Web of linked data and has four key components: uniform resource identifiers (URIs), Resource Description Framework (RDF), ontologies, and Simple Protocol and RDF Query ... More


Escaping History: The New Historicism, Databases, and Contingency

Alan Liu

in Local Transcendence: Essays on Postmodern Historicism and the Database

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226486956
eISBN:
9780226486970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226486970.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter speculates at once retrospectively and prospectively on the function of the New Historicism in the age of the database. In the New Historicism and other forms of postmodern cultural ... More


Knowledge in Practice

Michael Williams

in Epistemic Evaluation: Purposeful Epistemology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199642632
eISBN:
9780191807145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642632.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Knowledge is a deontic concept in the sense that knowing is a matter of asssertional-doxastic rights earned by the fulfillment of epistemic duties. Reliabilists have attacked this traditional ... More


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