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Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Steven French and Décio Krause

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Drawing on philosophical accounts of identity and individuality, as well as the histories of both classical and quantum physics, this book explores two alternative metaphysical approaches to quantum ... More


Introduction: Three Worlds

Gary E. Bowman

in Essential Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter outlines the differences between classical physics and quantum physics by positing three imaginary worlds. World 1 is governed by the laws of classical Newtonian mechanics, ... More


Unveiling the quantum

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

in Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins by recalling some of the great advances of quantum theory in the 20th century. These advances result from the successful work of generations of scientists who have made use of ... More


Einstein's Issue: The Puzzle of Contemporary Quantum Theory

Huw Price

in Time's Arrow & Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195117981
eISBN:
9780199853045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195117981.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Albert Einstein is known throughout history as a significant contributor to science, most notably in the field of physics. He was one of the pioneers of quantum physics, and was the first to observe ... More


The Emergence of Classicality from Quantum Theory

Erich Joos

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

A thoroughgoing and consistent application of quantum theory shows that the connection between classical and quantum physics is very different from what can be found in standard textbooks. In the ... More


Historical Outline

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

By the end of the nineteenth century, tremendous advances had been made in the understanding of the physical world; and classical physics as developed up to that time provided powerful and coherent ... More


Conclusion

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

in Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the authors. It evokes future prospects and mentions the challenges ahead. It addresses questions such as: How far will the industry of thought ... More


Quantum Chemistry qua Applied Mathematics: Approximation Methods and Crunching Numbers

Kostas Gavroglu and Ana Simões

in Neither Physics nor Chemistry: A History of Quantum Chemistry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016186
eISBN:
9780262298759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016186.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In Britain, John Edward Lennard-Jones, Douglas Rayner Hartree, and Charles Alfred Coulson played important roles in expanding the domain of applied mathematics to include quantum chemistry. This ... More


A Magic Wand

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In a major work of 1918 (‘On the quantum theory of line-spectra’) Bohr reconsidered the general principles of quantum and atomic theory. Apart from reinterpreting his original theory, he introduced ... More


Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The counter-intuitive aspects of quantum physics have been illustrated for some time by thought experiments, from Einstein's photon box to Schrödinger's cat. These experiments have now become real, ... More


The men who knew infinities

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on developments in quantum physics and Salam's participation in this endeavor. In October 1951, the Reviews of Modern Physics journal carried ‘The Renormalization of Meson ... More


The Consensus

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines current views on the between physical and mental even, particularly at the broad consensus which exists in science and philosophy. It concludes by looking briefly at quantum ... More


The Case for Advanced Action

Huw Price

in Time's Arrow & Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195117981
eISBN:
9780199853045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195117981.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

John Bell was another notable figure in the field of physics, although he was perceived to have different views from Einstein and Bohr, tending mostly towards realistic views. His theorem states that ... More


The World in the Data

James Ladyman and Don Ross

in Scientific Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696499
eISBN:
9780191744983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696499.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The paper compares Ladyman and Ross’s version of naturalized metaphysics, Rainforest Realism, with the comprehensive scientific metaphysics recently articulated by a physicist, David Deutsch. Major ... More


Quantum Physics Takes Free Will into Account

Ignacio Cirac and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, the physicist Ignacio Cirac, director of the Theoretical Division of the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, outlines why quantum physics has brought about a much greater ... More


Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Helge Kragh

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The theory of atomic structure proposed by the young Danish physicist Niels Bohr in 1913 marked the true beginning of modern atomic and quantum physics. This is the first book that focuses in detail ... More


The Elusive Distinction Between Mathematics and Natural Science

Michael D. Resnik

in Mathematics as a Science of Patterns

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250142
eISBN:
9780191598296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250142.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

It is commonly believed that the epistemology of mathematics must be different from the epistemology of science because their objects are different in kind, i.e. metaphysically different. In this ... More


Quantum Machines: Measurement and Control of Engineered Quantum Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 96, July 2011

Michel Devoret, Benjamin Huard, Robert Schoelkopf, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681181
eISBN:
9780191761454
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681181.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book gathers the lecture notes of courses given at the 2011 Les Houches Summer School in Theoretical Physics, Session XCVI. What is a quantum machine? Can we say that lasers and transistors are ... More


Some Mechanics and Mathematics

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In order to prepare for consideration of some basic mathematics of quantum physics, this chapter considers some basic mathematics of classical mechanics and mathematical ideas used in quantum ... More


Quantum Computation

Cristopher Moore and Stephan Mertens

in The Nature of Computation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199233212
eISBN:
9780191775079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233212.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

According to the Church-Turing Thesis, a Turing machine, and thus the programming languages and computers in existence, can simulate any reasonable computing device. However, there are physical ... More


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