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Genes and Human Psychological Traits

Thomas J. Jr. Bouchard

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter shows that genetic variation is an important feature of virtually every human psychological trait and must be taken into account in any comprehensive explanation (theory) of human ... More


Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate Aggression and Sexuality

Helen E. Longino

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226492872
eISBN:
9780226921822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921822.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book enters into the complexities of human behavioral research, a domain still dominated by the age-old debate of “nature versus nurture.” Rather than supporting one side or another or ... More


The study of quantitative genetics in wild populations

Loeske E. B. Kruuk, Anne Charmantier, and Dany Garant

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

This introductory chapter outlines ten big questions which are central to current evolutionary quantitative genetics. It also lists five reasons for addressing these questions in wild populations ... More


The Price Equation

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers a general description of natural selection: the Price equation. Developed by George Price in the late 1960s, the Price equation can be applied to the change of any quantity ... More


Evolutionary Thermal Biology

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Organisms use behavioural, physiological, and life-historical strategies to cope with changes in temperature over space and time. These strategies can be represented as thermal reaction norms, which ... More


Behaving: Its Nature and Nurture (Part 1)

Kenneth F. Schaffner

in Behaving: What's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195171402
eISBN:
9780190464103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171402.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 1 (and 2) provide a common basis and a vocabulary for appreciating the contours of behavioral and psychiatric genetics. There are three dialogues between a behavioral geneticist and an ... More


The Conditions for Existence as a Unifying Concept in Evolutionary Biology

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers some of the ways in which the conditions for existence can serve as a unifying concept in evolutionary biology. It examines some of the areas in which recognition of the ... More


Adaptive Landscapes and Macroevolutionary Dynamics

Thomas F. Hansen

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter starts out with a review of what is known about the potential for evolutionary change, the strength and pattern of selection on phenotypic traits, and rates of evolution and adaptation. ... More


Behaving: What's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?

Kenneth F. Schaffner

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195171402
eISBN:
9780190464103
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171402.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

This book provides an overview of the recent history and methodology of behavioral genetics and psychiatric genetics. The perspective is primarily philosophical and addresses a wide range of issues, ... More


Individual behaviour: behavioural ecology meets quantitative genetics

Niels J. Dingemanse and Ned A. Dochtermann

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

Emerging interest on the part of behavioural ecologists into the causes and consequences of individually repeatable behaviour substantially crosses over methodology and theory well developed in the ... More


Mechanics: How Chance, Movement, Reproduction, Survival, Development, Heredity, and Behaviour Effect Evolutionary Change

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter first reviews the stochastic processes of mutation, drift, and migration that underlie genetic and non-genetic variation, which are essential for evolutionary change, and then moves on ... More


Genetics of Psychological Well-Being: The role of heritability and genetics in positive psychology

Michael Pluess (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686674
eISBN:
9780191766787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686674.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The science of psychological well-being has gained a lot of interest in the last decade. While it has been shown that psychological well-being is partly heritable, research focused on the ... More


The Past, the Present, and the Future of the Adaptive Landscape

Erik I Svensson and Ryan Caisbeek

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright’s classic Adaptive Landscape has been a highly successful metaphor and scientific concept in evolutionary biology. It has influenced many different research subdisciplines in ... More


Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Anne Charmantier, Dany Garant, and Loeske E. B. Kruuk (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

This book gathers the expertise of thirty evolutionary biologists from around the globe to highlight how applying the field of quantitative genetics (the analysis of the genetic basis of complex ... More


Genetic and Environmental Influences on Positive Emotionality

Ragnhild Bang Nes

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Some people seem to have more joy juice than others, experiencing more positive emotions. Why is this so? An abundance of studies have shown that positivity runs in families, suggesting that positive ... More


Heredity and Evolutionary Theory

Tobias Uller and Heikki Helanterä

in Challenging the Modern Synthesis: Adaptation, Development, and Inheritance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199377176
eISBN:
9780199377190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199377176.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Heredity is a central concept in biology and one of the core principles needed for adaptive evolution. For most of the past 100 years, heredity has been defined and conceptualized in terms of ... More


Structural Equation Models for Studying Causal Phenotype Networks in Quantitative Genetics

Guilherme J. M. Rosa and Bruno D. Valente

in Probabilistic Graphical Models for Genetics, Genomics, and Postgenomics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198709022
eISBN:
9780191779619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709022.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

Phenotypic traits may exert causal effects between them. For example, high yield in agricultural species may increase the liability to certain diseases and, conversely, the incidence of a disease may ... More


The Biological Basis of Entrepreneurship

Scott Shane and Nicos Nicolaou

in The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226127156
eISBN:
9780226127293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

During the past fifty years, academics have tried to understand the factors that influence the tendency of people to engage in entrepreneurial activity. Recently, researchers have examined whether ... More


Host-parasite genetics

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter takes a deeper look into the genetics of both the host and the parasite. First, it explores the genetic architecture of host resistance, as well as several methods that are used to ... More


Genetics and Genomics

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on common empirical methods for studying the genetics of adaptation: quantitative genetics, quantitative trait locus (QTL) linkage mapping, association mapping, genome scans, ... More


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