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New Realities and Counterintuitive Worlds:: Accomplishments and Concerns

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Technical advances based on unprecedented levels of energy use brought a new phenomenon of mass consumption as well as many obvious gains in the typical quality of life. However, they have not ... More


The Right to Life and Conflicting Interests

Elizabeth Wicks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199547395
eISBN:
9780191594373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547395.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Medical Law

The right to life is a core human right which has not yet received the detailed legal analysis that it requires. This book provides detailed, critical analysis of the controversial human right to ... More


General Health Status and Quality of Life

Ian McDowell

in Measuring Health: A guide to rating scales and questionnaires

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195165678
eISBN:
9780199864034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165678.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Previous chapters have reviewed measurements that focus on specific aspects of health. This chapter reviews broad-ranging measures of general health and health-related quality of life. It opens with ... More


Selecting for Disability and the Welfare of the Child

Stephen Wilkinson

in Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter addresses two questions. First, is there anything wrong with deliberately creating a child with a disability (such as deafness)? Second, what is the proper role of child welfare ... More


Quality of care and quality of life

Neil Small, Katherine Froggatt, and Murna Downs

in Living and Dying with Dementia: Dialogues about palliative care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198566878
eISBN:
9780191730511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566878.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses how the way services are currently focused reflects the values associated with particular perceptions of quality. It offers an alternative way to understand quality of life and ... More


Quality Of Life

R. S. Downie and K. C. Calman

in Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192624086
eISBN:
9780191723728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624086.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the problems of defining and measuring quality of life. In particular, the distinction between quantity and quality of life is important. Three objectives are distinguished: ... More


The State of Our Cities: Evidence from Karnataka

Samuel Paul, Kala Seetharam Sridhar, A. Venugopala Reddy, and Pavan Srinath

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080381
eISBN:
9780199081622
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080381.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Cities in Karnataka, as in India, suffer from inadequate data and information, which has undermined their ability and that of analysts and policymakers to comprehend the complex forces shaping cities ... More


The Fabric of Social Life: Mimicry, Fantasy, Fiction, and Morality

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many of our distinctively human social traits are interwoven with simulational propensities. A stroll through simulation-related topics includes the psychological underpinnings of social bonds, our ... More


Quality of Life in Heart Failure

Corrine Jurgens, Jom Suwanno, and Barbara Riegel

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter lends some clarity to the discussion of quality of life in heart failure (HF). To do so, it explores definitions of quality of life, outlines the literature on the effect of HF on ... More


Regulating Nightlife Scenes

Richard E. Ocejo

in Upscaling Downtown: From Bowery Saloons to Cocktail Bars in New York City

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155166
eISBN:
9781400852635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155166.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the issues that arise for policing nightlife scenes. It begins with an episode from one of the special meetings that the police occasionally hold at the precinct for bar owners, ... More


Crime, Law, and Group Politics in Two Urban Locales

Lisa L. Miller

in The Perils of Federalism: Race, Poverty, and the Politics of Crime Control

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331684
eISBN:
9780199867967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331684.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the need to re-vision political mobilization and interest group activity through the lens provided by politicized urban neighborhoods. The scholarly emphasis ... More


Poverty and Human Development

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Each of the four chapters of Part I of the book synthesizes one aspect that must be specified in the operationalization of the capability approach, then proposes a framework for doing so. The issue ... More


The Right to Life and the Quality of Life

Elizabeth Wicks

in The Right to Life and Conflicting Interests

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199547395
eISBN:
9780191594373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547395.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Medical Law

This chapter investigates the potentially conflicting interest of quality of life. It considers whether the right to life continues to offer protection for incompetent patients with negligible ... More


Impact on quality of life

Nick Bosanquet and Chris Salisbury

in Providing a palliative care service: towards an evidence base

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629913
eISBN:
9780191730153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629913.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses the implications of the palliative care models on the quality of life and psychological well being of terminally ill patients. Experimental and descriptive studies that ... More


Why Coming into Existence is Always a Harm

David Benatar

in Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Engaging the non-identity problem, this chapter begins by showing that it is possible to be harmed by being brought into existence. In the process, a distinction is drawn between two quality of life ... More


Quality issues in palliative and supportive care

Sam H. Ahmedzai and John Hunt

in Patient Participation in Palliative Care: A voice for the voiceless

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198515814
eISBN:
9780191730498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515814.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses the quality issues found in palliative and supportive care. It distinguishes the two main areas that are important for palliative care: ‘quality of life’ of patients and their ... More


Quality of life measurements

Robert A. Cummins and Anna L.D. Lau

in Supportive Care for the Urology Patient

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198529415
eISBN:
9780191730344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529415.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Quality of life measurement within the medical context takes a very different approach from that adopted by the social sciences. Within medicine, the construct is referred to as health-related ... More


Quality of life

Fiona Randall

in The Philosophy of Palliative Care: Critique and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198567363
eISBN:
9780191730535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567363.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines whether the concept of quality of life has been helpful in the field of palliative care, evaluating whether there exists a shared and common concept of quality of life between ... More


Assessing Quality of Life in Palliative Care

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0015
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Palliative care providers who wish to evaluate the full impact of their care must measure changes in quality of life (QOL) as well as improvements in areas specifically targeted by particular ... More


Using Well-Being to Inform Public Policy

Ed Diener, Richard E. Lucas, Ulrich Schimmack, and John F. Helliwell

in Well-Being for Public Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195334074
eISBN:
9780199893928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334074.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter introduces the idea that measures of well-being provide information that can be useful to policy makers in enhancing quality of life by creating more astute policies and regulations. The ... More


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