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One-Move Puzzles with Mathematical Content

Anany Levitin

in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164038
eISBN:
9781400881338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter provides a survey of mathematical puzzles solvable in one move. The types considered are divination puzzles, weighing puzzles, rearrangement puzzles, dissection puzzles, and folding ... More


Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: On Two Dogmas of Epistemology

Stephen Hetherington

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199247349
eISBN:
9780191697654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers have long inquired into the nature and even the possibility of human knowledge. This book identifies two mistaken assumptions that have fundamentally shaped that tradition of ... More


The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Hydrogen bond (H-bond) effects are well known: it makes sea water liquid, joins cellulose microfibrils in sequoia trees, shapes DNA into chromosomes, and polypeptide chains into wool, hair, muscles, ... More


Annuity Markets

Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216994
eISBN:
9780191711978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216994.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Governments around the world are responding to the rising ratio of elderly-to-young persons (‘The Pensions Crisis’) by shifting their pension policies away from pay-as-you-go systems towards ... More


Electoral Turnout 1

Kees Aarts and Bernhard Wessels

in The European Voter: A Comparative Study Of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273218
eISBN:
9780191602962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273219.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

According to modernisation theory, electoral participation should become less important in modern democracies. “Modern” citizens feel more capable of handling their own political affairs, thus they ... More


Retirement Distributions and the Bequest Motive

G. Victor Hallman

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Managing retirement payouts generally revolves primarily around securing adequate retirement income and assuring the continuity of such income for as long as the retirees live. Many commentators have ... More


Conclusion

Gregg Rosenberg

in A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter revisits the sliding tile puzzle metaphor that the author presented in the first part of this book. Through the challenges and regressive moves he made, the author was able to defend a ... More


Knowledge and Lotteries

John Hawthorne

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269556
eISBN:
9780191601736
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269556.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is organised around an epistemological puzzle, which consists of a tension between various ordinary claims to know and our apparent incapacity to know whether or not someone will lose a ... More


Bayesian Epistemology

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Probabilistic models have much to offer to epistemology and philosophy of science. Arguably, the coherence theory of justification claims that the more coherent a set of propositions is, the more ... More


Parallel Weighings of Coins

Tanya Khovanova

in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164038
eISBN:
9781400881338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents solutions to generalizations of Konstantin Knop's puzzle for any number of minutes and any number of parallel scales. It first describes the similarity of the original puzzle ... More


Analysis of Crossword Puzzle Difficulty Using a Random Graph Process

John K. McSweeney

in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164038
eISBN:
9781400881338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter quantifies the dynamics of a crossword puzzle by using a network structure to model it. Specifically, the chapter determines how the interaction between the structure of cells in the ... More


From the Outside In: Solving Generalizations of the Slothouber-Graatsma-Conway Puzzle

Derek Smith

in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164038
eISBN:
9781400881338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses Slothouber–Graatsma–Conway puzzle, which asks one to assemble six 1 × 2 × 2 pieces and three 1 × 1 × 1 pieces into the shape of a 3 × 3 × 3 cube. The puzzle has been ... More


Perception, Causation, and Objectivity

Johannes Roessler, Hemdat Lerman, and Naomi Eilan (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199692040
eISBN:
9780191729713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692040.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Perceptual experience, that paradigm of subjectivity, constitutes our most immediate and fundamental access to the objective world. At least, this would seem to be so if commonsense realism is ... More


THE PROPERTY THEORY, RATIONALITY, AND KRIPKE'S PUZZLE ABOUT BELIEF

Neil Feit

in Belief about the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195341362
eISBN:
9780199866922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341362.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter applies the property theory of content to an important problem in the philosophy of mind and philosophical semantics, namely, Saul Kripke's puzzle about belief. The first section ... More


Memento

Claire Molloy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748637713
eISBN:
9780748671007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637713.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Ambiguous, complex and innovative, Christopher Nolan's Memento has intrigued audiences and critics since the day of its release. Memento is the archetypal ‘puzzle film’, a noir thriller about a man ... More


Puzzle Cases

André Gallois

in Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261833
eISBN:
9780191698798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261833.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines puzzle cases relevant to synchronic and diachronic identities. It explains that synchronic identity is concerned with the identity of thing with something existing at the same ... More


Counting Amoebas

André Gallois

in Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261833
eISBN:
9780191698798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261833.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the relevance of the so-called amoebas to the occasional identity thesis (OIT). On the view of occasional identity theorists, there are two amoebas at T2 and one at T1. The ... More


Spinning Shadows

Roy Sorensen

in Seeing Dark Things: The Philosophy of Shadows

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326574
eISBN:
9780199870271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326574.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

If a spinning sphere casts a shadow, does the shadow also spin? This riddle is the point of departure for an investigation into the nature of shadow movement. A general theory of motion will ... More


Defenses of Millianism

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter reviews efforts to explain away the problems with Millian theories, and shows that they are unsuccessful. Soames’s solution to Russell’s problem (existence failures) either adopts a ... More


Understanding Consumption

Angus Deaton

in Understanding Consumption

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288244
eISBN:
9780191596131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288247.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The author reviews the main issues discussed in the book and places them in the wider context of the evolution of macroeconomic thought. It points out to new theoretical and empirical puzzles raised ... More


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