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Banished: The New Social Control In Urban America

Katherine Beckett and Steve Herbert

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195395174
eISBN:
9780199943319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395174.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

With urban poverty rising and affordable housing disappearing, the homeless and other “disorderly” people continue to occupy public space in many American cities. Concerned about the alleged ill ... More


When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Joan Petersilia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Every year, hundreds of thousands of jailed Americans leave prison and return to society. Largely uneducated, unskilled, often without family support, and with the stigma of a prison record hanging ... More


Sleep, law, and policy

C.B. Jones, C.J. Lee, and S.M.W. Rajaratnam

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the intersection between sleep, law, and policy. It briefly discusses the types of actions some governments around the world have taken in response to some of the societal ... More


Blood, Grief, and Anger

Peter D. Norton

in Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262141000
eISBN:
9780262280754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262141000.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter chronicles the numbers of motor vehicle accidents in the United States during the early years of the motor car and looks at how this affected safety regulations for motorists. With over ... More


Political Attitudes, Voting, and Criminal Behavior

Jeff Manza and Christopher Uggen

in Locked Out: Felon Disenfranchisement and American Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195149326
eISBN:
9780199943975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149326.003.0032
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Researchers have turned their attention to prisoner reentry and reintegration as more and more people are released from prison and placed back into their communities each year. This scholarship ... More


Why Legal Tools Are Failing

Jon L. Mills

in Privacy: The Lost Right

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367355
eISBN:
9780199867400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367355.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Public health and security are substantial justifications for sacrificing individual privacy for the greater public good. Legislators and courts, often supported by public opinion, intentionally and ... More


Forming Revolutionary Government

Howard G. Brown

in War, Revolution, and the Bureaucratic State: Politics and Army Administration in France, 1791–1799

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205425
eISBN:
9780191676628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205425.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the history of the formation of the revolutionary government in France during the later part of the 18th century. The destruction of executive power between April 1792 and April ... More


3. The Miranda Exclusionary Rule

James J. Tomkovicz

in Constitutional Exclusion: The Rules, Rights, and Remedies that Strike the Balance Between Freedom and Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195369243
eISBN:
9780199893409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369243.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explores the Miranda exclusionary rule, which is based on the Fifth Amendment Privilege—the right not to be compelled to be a witness against oneself. The bar to confessions prescribed ... More


The Ultimate Emergency

Charles Townshend

in Making the Peace: Public Order and Public Security in Modern Britain

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229780
eISBN:
9780191678929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229780.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the passage of the Emergency Powers Bill in England as a way to maintain public order during World War II. Home Secretary Sir Samuel Hoare defended the timing and importance of ... More


Passions Before Literature

Angelica Goodden

in Madame de Staël: The Dangerous Exile

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238095
eISBN:
9780191716669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238095.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Back in Switzerland in the family fiefdom of Coppet, Staël ‘writes out’ the pain of desertion past, present, and future in De l'influence des passions, while continuing to engage in messy and ... More


Common Occupations

Fu Hua, Tee L. Guidotti, and Kari Lindström

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses occupational health and safety issues frequently encountered among workers in common occupations: artists, performers, construction trades, public safety personnel (police, ... More


A Public Safety Process: Sustained Dialogue for Situational Policing

James J. Nolan, Norman Conti, and Corey Colyer

in Resolving Community Conflicts and Problems: Public Deliberation and Sustained Dialogue

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151689
eISBN:
9780231525282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151689.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter discusses the conceptual frameworks for the public safety process and situational policing. The public safety process focuses on overcoming intragroup conflicts in a way that promotes ... More


The Lesser Evil

Michael Ignatieff

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748618729
eISBN:
9780748671892
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618729.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Must we fight terrorism with terror and torture with torture? Must we sacrifice civil liberty to protect public safety? In the age of terrorism, this book argues that we must not shrink from the use ... More


What If Psychology Redesigned the Criminal Justice System?

Joel A. Dvoskin, Jennifer L. Skeem, Raymond W. Novaco, and Kevin S. Douglas

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0069
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Protecting public safety is the overarching goal of imprisonment and, indeed, the entire criminal justice system. Although reasonable experts will disagree about the optimal pathway (e.g., ... More


Law, Privacy, and Governance

in Knowledge as Power: Criminal Registration and Community Notification Laws in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757102
eISBN:
9780804771399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757102.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers the most significant influences the proliferation of registration and notification has had on U.S. society and its governing structure. It begins by examining the ways in which ... More


Institutional Burden to Care

Carolyn Sufrin

in Jailcare: Finding the Safety Net for Women behind Bars

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520288669
eISBN:
9780520963559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288669.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter describes the institutional and historical contours of the tension between the obligation to care and prisoners' deservingness of care. These contours determine the existence of the San ... More


The Contagious City: The Politics of Public Health in Early Philadelphia

Simon Finger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448935
eISBN:
9780801464003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448935.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

By the time William Penn was planning the colony that would come to be called Pennsylvania, with Philadelphia at its heart, Europeans on both sides of the ocean had long experience with the hazards ... More


Street life, neighbourhood policing and ‘the community’

Stephen Moore

in ASBO nation: The criminalisation of nuisance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420282
eISBN:
9781447301493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420282.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

In the United Kingdom, the public's response to street-life people provides a number of interesting insights into the process by which certain groups come to be viewed as a threat and their ... More


Mental health: safe, sound and supportive?1

Jon Glasby, Helen Lester, and Emily McKie

in Ethics: Contemporary challenges in health and social care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347558
eISBN:
9781447302216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347558.003.0017
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter examines the contested nature of mental health provision within the context of proposed legislative changes, exploring the key ethical dilemmas that are raised. It discusses the proposed ... More


Adopting the Terror

Lindsay A. H. Parker

in Writing the Revolution: A French Woman's History in Letters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199931026
eISBN:
9780199345700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931026.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, World Modern History

Chapter 5 follows Rosalie’s evolving political ideology into the Reign of Terror, which she came to support. It begins in early 1793, when widespread fear of conspiracy, the dangers of war, and the ... More


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