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Socialism and the Environment

Avner de‐Shalit

in The Environment Between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240388
eISBN:
9780191599033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240388.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Many theorists are happy with democracy as a means to protect the environment; however, there is empirical evidence that democracy is not enough to guarantee environment friendly policies. This ... More


Public or Private Ownership? The Dilemma of Urban Utilities in London and New York, 1870–1914

RAPHAEL SCHAPIRO

in Civil Society in British History: Ideas, Identities, Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260201
eISBN:
9780191717352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260201.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This chapter presents a theoretically informed discussion on the origins and development of public ownership in Britain. It focuses on a period of history when different economic and political forces ... More


The Force of Inertia: Telecommunications in France, West Germany, and Italy 1965–87

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter shows why transnational technological and economic developments and regulatory reforms in the US failed to result in major institutional changes in France, West Germany, and Italy ... More


Property

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The first part of the chapter explains the general concepts involved in ownership. It then considers some of the characteristic forms of private property (private ownership) typical of contemporary ... More


Common Pressures, Diverse Paths: Securities Trading in France, West Germany, and Italy 1965–85

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter analyses how and why two forms of internationalisation — transnational technological and economic developments and reforms in the US — were met with institutional inertia, or at most ... More


Market Socialism

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of market socialism in the state sector. The practical changes involved in this constitute one of the major tendencies in the move away from classical socialism. ... More


Good-bye to the Public-Private Divide

Eric T. Freyfogle

in Agrarianism and the Good Society: Land, Culture, Conflict, and Hope

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124391
eISBN:
9780813134888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124391.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses the issue of land ownership, with particular attention to the distinction between private and public lands. One major difference between private and public land ownership ... More


. Explaining the Shift to Public Ownership at the Local Level: The Halcyon Days of Municipal Ownership 1870–1920

James Foreman-Peck and Robert Millward

in Public and Private Ownership of British Industry 1820–1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203599
eISBN:
9780191675881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203599.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Initially, local authority involvement was limited to the provision of railway track and by 1883 the local authorities owned one-third of the track mileage. The 1890s saw a rapid growth of electric ... More


The Causes and Content of the 1940s Nationalizations

James Foreman-Peck and Robert Millward

in Public and Private Ownership of British Industry 1820–1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203599
eISBN:
9780191675881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203599.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The industries which were nationalised in the 1940s have been described as ‘basic’, a loose but commonly used phrase meaning no more than that they were part of the fuel and transport infrastructure ... More


Means and ends

Ben Jackson

in Equality and the British Left: A Study in Progressive Political Thought, 1900-64

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719073069
eISBN:
9781781701454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073069.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

An important feature of the ensuing debate about the nature of socialism was a renewed engagement with the ideal of equality. This chapter begins by examining the well-known debate in this period ... More


Public and Private Ownership of British Industry 1820–1990

James Foreman-Peck and Robert Millward

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203599
eISBN:
9780191675881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203599.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Britain led the way for much of the world with industrial privatisation during the 1980s. Yet the historical origins of the process that was being reversed have rarely been examined. This is a study ... More


Rethinking public ownership as economic democracy

Andrew Cumbers

in Alternatives to Neoliberalism: Towards Equality and Democracy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447331148
eISBN:
9781447331162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447331148.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Despite the spectacular failure of market fundamentalism in Europe and the US, with a seemingly never-ending spate of corporate scandals and financial crises, the grip of a neoliberal economic policy ... More


Self‐Management

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The introduction of self‐management into firms in public ownership is an important tendency during the process of reform of classical socialism, although it is less radical than the intrusion of the ... More


Seeking a Premier-League Economy: The Role of Privatization

Richard Green and Jonathan Haskel (eds)

in Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092843
eISBN:
9780226092904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092904.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

In 1979, when Margaret Thatcher came to power, publicly owned companies produced roughly 12 percent of GDP in the United Kingdom. By the time of the election of the Labour government in 1997, this ... More


National Media Concentrations Compared

Eli M. Noam

in Who Owns the World's Media?: Media Concentration and Ownership around the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199987238
eISBN:
9780190210182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987238.003.0032
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics, Economic Sociology

This chapter examines and summarizes country data across all of the 30 nations surveyed in this study, chosen for their importance in the media world, their GDP, and population size. Four ... More


Employment and decent wages in a neoliberal economy

Louise Humpage

in Policy change, public attitudes and social citizenship: Does neoliberalism matter?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781847429650
eISBN:
9781447304197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429650.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The most fundamental and enduring aspect of neoliberalisation is its economic agenda, predicated on low inflation, globalised free trade, support for business and a rebalancing of the worker-employer ... More


The Danish low carbon transition and the prospects for the democratic economy

Andrew Cumbers

in Towards Just and Sustainable Economies: The Social and Solidarity Economy North and South

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447327226
eISBN:
9781447327240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327226.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Denmark’s successful shift from fossil fuel dependency to being a world leader in renewable energies has rightly gained international plaudits. Rather less is known about the role of the state and ... More


Regime Change and Corruption: A History of Public Utility Regulation

Werner Troesken (ed.)

in Corruption and Reform: Lessons from America's Economic History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226299570
eISBN:
9780226299594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226299594.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the history of public utility regulation in the U.S. focusing on regime change and corruption. It suggests that the move to public ownership in the early twentieth century and ... More


Rethinking Public Expenditure from a Social Democratic Perspective

David Heald

in The Crisis of Social Democracy in Europe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748665822
eISBN:
9780748693863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748665822.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines social democratic policies on public expenditure, disentangling the various purposes and instruments. High public spending is not in itself a sign of social democracy and the ... More


Redefining Property Rights

Wu Jinglian, Ma Guochuan, Xiaofeng Hua, and Nancy Hearst

in Whither China?: Restarting the Reform Agenda

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190223151
eISBN:
9780190223182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223151.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

An important task in the transition to a market economy is to transform the ownership structure. In 1993, a document of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party declared that management ... More


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