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The public health genomics enterprise

Philippa Brice and Ron Zimmern

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the origins and emergence of public health genomics as a subdiscipline of public health, moving on to a consideration of current practice with some specific examples. It then ... More


Ethics in Public Health Practice

Robert E. McKeown and R. Max Learner

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter outlines a perspective that can serve as a foundation for addressing ethical concerns in public health practice. It argues that ethics in public health practice is shaped by the mission ... More


Child public health in practice – case scenarios

Mitch Blair, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Tony Waterston, and Rachel Crowther

in Child Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547500
eISBN:
9780191720123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547500.003.008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents an overview of the community diagnosis process in practice through ten child public health scenarios, each of which considers a different issue. The aim is to illustrate a range ... More


Techniques and resources for child public health practice

Mitch Blair, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Tony Waterston, and Rachel Crowther

in Child Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547500
eISBN:
9780191720123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547500.003.007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses techniques and resources for assessing health needs — comparing the clinical and public health process of making a ‘diagnosis’ — and describes the sources of information ... More


Law in Public Health Practice

Richard A. Goodman, Richard E. Hoffman, Wilfredo Lopez, Gene W. Matthews, Mark Rothstein, and Karen Foster (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Continually changing health threats, technologies, science, and demographics require that public health professionals have an understanding of law sufficient to address complex new problems as they ... More


Identifiable Health Information and the Public's Health: Practice, Research, and Policy

James G. Hodge, Jr., Richard E. Hoffman, Deborah W. Tress, and Verla S. Neslund

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines some of the difficult issues at the intersection of public health, data uses, and individual interests. It describes some of the fundamental uses and disclosures of identifiable ... More


The Need for Evidence-Based Public Health

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter includes five sections which cover the following topics: (1) the relevant background issues, including definitions, providing an overview of evidence-based medicine, and other concepts ... More


Child public health—lessons from the past

Mitch Blair, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Tony Waterston, and Rachel Crowther

in Child Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547500
eISBN:
9780191720123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547500.003.004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an historical review of child public health. It explains how the cause of child health has fared through the centuries, highlighting key milestones and identifying lessons for ... More


Ethics and the Practice of Public Health

Ruth Gaare Bernheim, Phillip Nieburg, and Richard J. Bonnie

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates how ethical analysis can be a helpful tool, along with legal analysis, to support and enrich public health decision making. It provides n overview of the complementary roles ... More


The Structure of Law in Public Health Systems and Practice

Richard A. Goodman, Paula L. Kocher, Daniel J. O’Brien, and Frank S. Alexander

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the structure of law underlying U.S. public health practice by focusing on the statutory basis of the federal and state/local infrastructure of the U.S. public health system, ... More


The essential public health toolkit

Alison Hill, Siân Griffiths, and Stephen Gillam

in Public Health and Primary Care: Partners in Population Health

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508533
eISBN:
9780191723780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508533.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides the essential public health toolkit for primary care practitioners. The term ‘toolkit’ is used to cover the knowledge, skills, and activities that are required to practice ... More


The public health system in England

David J. Hunter

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424631
eISBN:
9781447303978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424631.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Health systems everywhere are experiencing rapid change in response to new threats to health, including from lifestyle diseases, risks of pandemic flu, and the global effects of climate change, but ... More


Promoting Social Justice Through Public Health Policies, Programs, And Services

Alonzo Plough

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses promoting social justice through public health policies, programs, and services. It describes public health agencies and social justice and the roles that they can play in ... More


Considerations for Special Populations

T. Howard Stone, Heather H. Horton, Robert M. Pestronk, and Montrece M. Ransom

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on laws that pertain to special populations and their public health needs. It is divided into sections, each focused on a special population. “Special populations” refer to ... More


Public Health Surveillance

Stephen B. Thacker and Donna F. Stroup

in Applied Epidemiology: Theory to practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187410
eISBN:
9780199864997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by reviewing the definition of public health surveillance and giving a brief history of recent developments in surveillance. It then considers how three categories of surveillance ... More


The Law and the Public's Health: The Foundations

Lawrence O. Gostin, F. Ed Thompson, and Frank P. Grad

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents the foundations of the integral relations between law and public health practice, including definition, infrastructure, constitutional underpinnings, and powers. It examines the ... More


Legal Counsel to Public Health Practitioners

Wilfredo Lopez and Thomas R. Frieden

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a practical framework for understanding and guiding the relationship between public health practitioners and legal counsel. It first suggests issues to be reviewed when a public ... More


Strengthening public health for the new era

Robert Beaglehole and Ruth Bonita

in Global Public Health: A New Era

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199236626
eISBN:
9780191724053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236626.003.014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the state of global public health and suggests the way forward for improving the practice of global public health. It begins by reviewing the main themes from the earlier ... More


Understanding and Applying Analytic Tools

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes several useful tools for evidence-based public health practice. The chapter has five main parts. First, it describes some context and processes for developing systematic ... More


Criminal Law and Public Health Practice

Zita Lazzarini, Richard A. Goodman, and Kim S. Dammers

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces the unique characteristics of criminal law, provides a broad overview of the many substantive areas in which criminal law and public health law interact, and discusses the ... More


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