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Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Gary Wenk

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This book demonstrates how everything we put into our bodies effects certain neurotransmitters concerned with behavior and as a result has very direct consequences for how we think, feel, and act. ... More


Schizophrenia

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

One factor in schizophrenia may be a decrease in NMDA receptor mediated excitation of interneurons, both acting during brain development and also more acutely. The NMDA receptor antagonist, ketamine, ... More


Early Interventions: prodromal, children, and adolescents

Harriet P. Lefley

in Family Psychoeducation for Serious Mental Illness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340495
eISBN:
9780199863792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340495.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Children and Families

This chapter focuses on family psychoeducation (FPE) for prodromal interventions and for children and adolescents with a diagnosis of severe emotional disturbance (SED). In the Portland ... More


Language unbound: genomic conflict and psychosis in the origin of modern humans

Bernard J Crespi

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Human social communication is impaired in the two primary disorders of the ‘social brain’, autism, and schizophrenia. This chapter describes a new hypothesis for the role of language in the evolution ... More


Euphoria, Depression, & Madness

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The neurotransmitter norepinephrine influences your level of arousal while dopamine controls the experience of reward and pleasure. Amphetamine induces the release of norepinephrine and dopamine from ... More


‘Let the monster be mine’: Seneca and the internalization of imperial furor

Kathleen Riley

in The Reception and Performance of Euripides' Herakles: Reasoning Madness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534487
eISBN:
9780191715945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534487.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter is an analysis of Seneca's Hercules Furens in which, for the first time, the madness is internalized. Seneca dispenses with the interventionist figures, Iris and Lyssa, thereby obscuring ... More


Stress-Induced Pathophysiology Within the Schizophrenia Patient Brain: A Model for the Delayed Onset of Psychosis and Its Circumvention by Anxiolytic Agents

Anthony A. Grace

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter proposes that the genetic predisposition may lead to deficits in the manner by which the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is capable of modulating responses to stressors, causing the individual ... More


Neurohormones, Neurodevelopment, and the Prodrome of Psychosis in Adolescence

Elaine F. Walker, Amanda McMillan, and Vijay Mittal

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

It has been suggested that the neural systems governing the response to stress, especially the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, may function to augment the expression of the core ... More


Experiences of Meaninglessness, Despair, and Somatic Discomfort

William A. Richards and G. William Barnard

in Sacred Knowledge: Psychedelics and Religious Experiences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174060
eISBN:
9780231540919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174060.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Difficult psychedelic experiences.


Cognition: Brain Pain: Psychotic Cognition, Hallucinations, and Delusions

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the clinical phenomenology of symptoms such as hallucination, delusion, loosened associations, and pressure of thought that collectively make up what is termed as psychotic ... More


‘In Nomine Patris’: Ovid's Theban Law

Micaela Janan

in Reflections in a Serpent's Eye: Thebes in Ovid's Metamorphoses

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199556922
eISBN:
9780191721021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556922.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Ovid paints Thebes as a series of surrealistic vignettes in which the size, the form, and the very nature of things shift for no apparent reason (Met. 3–4). This welter of phantasmata is nothing ... More


The Forgotten Population: A Look at Death Row in the United States through the Experiences of Women

Capital Punishment Project, Women’s Rights Project, National Prison Project, National Criminal Justice Program, and the National Clearinghouse for the Defense of Battered Women

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0061
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Since 1973, 148 women have been sentenced to death in the United States. As of December 2004, there were 50 women on death row. According to a report entitled “The Forgotten Population,” women's ... More


Mémoires d'une aliénée by Hersilie Rouy: ‘Où est la folie là‐dedans?’

Susannah Wilson

in Voices from the Asylum: Four French Women Writers, 1850-1920

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579358
eISBN:
9780191595226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579358.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries), European Literature

This chapter examines the case of Hersilie Rouy, incarcerated in French asylums from 1854 until 1868. Rouy's autobiographical text, Mémoires d'une aliénée (1883), recounts her experiences prior to ... More


Camille Claudel: ‘Du rêve que fut ma vie, ceci est le cauchemar’

Susannah Wilson

in Voices from the Asylum: Four French Women Writers, 1850-1920

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579358
eISBN:
9780191595226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579358.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries), European Literature

This chapter considers the case of the sculptor Camille Claudel, Rodin's most famous lover who, despite her enormous talent, was committed to an asylum in 1913 where she would die 30 years later. ... More


Finance Fictions: Realism and Psychosis in a Time of Economic Crisis

Arne De Boever

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780823279166
eISBN:
9780823281435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823279166.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Building on both established and emerging discussions of literature and finance, Finance Fictions takes the measure of the tension between psychosis and realism in the contemporary finance novel. ... More


Cross Talk between the Autonomic and Central Nervous Systems: Mechanistic and Therapeutic Considerations for Neuronal, Immune, Vascular, and Somatic-Based Diseases

Fuad Lechin and Bertha van der Dijs

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes anatomical, physiological, pathophysiological, pharmacological, immunological, and some therapeutic information dealing with most types of diseases. Evidence is presented to ... More


Psychiatric aspects of memory disorders in epilepsy

Laura H. Goldstein and Narinder Kapur

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Individuals with epilepsy are at increased risk of a number of psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, and psychosis. However, when considering the performance of people with epilepsy on ... More


Effective Interventions for Students With Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders

Susan Stone

in The School Practitioner’s Concise Companion to Mental Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195370584
eISBN:
9780199893430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370584.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Psychosis is a rare phenomenon among school-aged children but is perhaps the most critical of mental conditions for early identification and intervention. Because of the lack of public awareness ... More


From a Sensorimotor Account of Perception to an Interactive Approach to Psychopathology

Erik Myin, J. Kevin O’Regan, and Inez Myin-Germeys

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Erik Myin, Inez Myin-Germeys, and Kevin O’Regan explain that according to the sensorimotor approach to perception, perceptual experience should be seen as a way of interacting with the environment. ... More


Self‐Consciousness and Self‐Knowledge

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Self‐awareness—knowledge of self and of one's mental states—is of central importance in ensuring the properties constitutive of consciousness in rational beings. A modified Cartesian thesis is ... More


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