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Psychophysics and analysis

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Many psychophysical and analytic procedures have been used to investigate the visual perception of depth. This chapter provides a general introduction to these procedures. Topics discussed include ... More


Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Pat Rabbitt (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Psychology is a comparatively young science. From its origins in the psychophysics laboratories of late-19th-century Germany, it made great strides throughout the 20th century, and can now be ... More


Research on Taste and Smell

Adrienne Lehrer

in Wine and Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Much progress has been made in the psychophysics of taste and smell. Gas chromatography has enabled scientist to determine even trace amount of aroma compounds in wine. Functional magnetic resonance ... More


What Birds See and What They Don’t: Luminance, Contrast, and Spatial and Temporal Resolution

William Hodos

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes a psychophysical approach to studying the limits of the perceptual abilities of birds. Birds live in an extremely rich visual world that in many ways is similar to ours, but ... More


Color Vision in Goldfish and Other Vertebrates

Christa Neumeyer

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter adopts a psychophysical approach to studying color vision and reviews the evolution of color perception in vertebrates. Color vision in goldfish is described as an example before data ... More


Illusory Perception in Animals: Observations and Interpretations

Edward A. Wasserman

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a general overview of the psychophysical approach to studying illusory perceptions in animals. The premise of this chapter is that psychophysical methods are indeed of ... More


Using Psychology to See the Brain in Economics

Paul W. Glimcher

in Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744251
eISBN:
9780199863433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744251.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter develops the first of several linkages between economics, psychology, and neuroscience. First, it provides an overview of classical psychophysics. Second, it demonstrates that the ... More


Psychophysics and analysis

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0090
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Many psychophysical, behavioral, and analytic procedures are used in the study of depth perception. The chapter starts an outline of psychophysics and a discussion of the types of judgment that are ... More


Dynamic Faces: Insights from Experiments and Computation

Cristobal Curio, Heinrich H. Bulthoff, and Martin A. Giese (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014533
eISBN:
9780262289313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014533.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

The recognition of faces is a fundamental visual function that is important for social interaction and communication. Scientific interest in facial recognition has increased dramatically over the ... More


Just Noticeable Differences: Meredith and Fragmentation (Discontinuous Form)

Nicholas Dames

in The Physiology of the Novel: Reading, Neural Science, and the Form of Victorian Fiction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199208968
eISBN:
9780191695759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208968.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter explores physiological novel theory's vexed relation with notions of ‘organic form’ by examining the discourse of psychophysics, a theory of the discrete building-blocks of ... More


Peter H. Schiller

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Peter H. Schiller, in collaboration with numerous investigators, has carried out research using psychophysical methods, single-cell recordings, microstimulation and pharmacological manipulations. The ... More


Ways of Seeing: The scope and limits of visual cognition

Pierre Jacob and Marc Jeannerod

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198509219
eISBN:
9780191584909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509219.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book is about human vision. It results from the collaboration between a world famous cognitive neuroscientist and an eminent philosopher. In the past forty years, cognitive neuroscience has made ... More


Top-Down Versus Bottom-Up Processing of Biological Motion

Ian M. Thornton

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

While the visual perception of biological motion is traditionally thought to rely on top-down or stimulus-driven processes that operate locally over space and time, this chapter reviews evidence ... More


Seeing You Through Me:: Creating Self–Other Correspondences for Body Perception

Catherine L. Reed

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The visual perception of the human body, whether static or in motion, appears to depend upon the observer’s own bodily representations, as well as on motor and kinesthetic mechanisms. For example, ... More


What Does “Biological Motion” Really Mean?: Differentiating Visual Percepts of Human, Animal, and Nonbiological Motions

Arieta Chouchourelou, Alissa Golden,, and Maggie Shiffrar

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For several decades, vision researchers’ use of the term “biological motion” has been used to refer to different things, including the category of all animal movements, the category of all human ... More


Sensory and Motor Brain Areas Supporting Biological Motion Perception:: Neuropsychological and Neuroimaging Studies

Ayse Pinar Saygin

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes recent research on biological motion perception using structural brain imaging and lesion-mapping techniques in brain-lesioned patients. It also explores how these findings ... More


Evidence for animal metaminds

Justin J. Couchman, Michael J. Beran, Mariana V.C. Coutinho, Joseph Boomer, and J. David Smith

in Foundations of Metacognition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Humans have the ability to monitor their own cognition and change their behaviour based on information gleaned from that monitoring. We think about our own thinking, and are often fully aware of our ... More


On the nature, evolution, development, and epistemology of metacognition: introductory thoughts

Michael J. Beran, Johannes L. Brandl, Josef Perner, and Joëlle Proust

in Foundations of Metacognition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Humans have the ability to monitor their own cognition and change their behaviour based on information gleaned from that monitoring. We think about our own thinking, and are often fully aware of our ... More


Neural Coding: Variability and Information

Richard B. Stein and Dirk G. Everaert

in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The application of Shannon’s Information Theory to the nervous system initially led to enormous discrepancies between estimates of the potential amount of information that might be transmitted and ... More


Quining qualia

Daniel C. Dennett

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

‘Qualia’ is an unfamiliar term for something that could not be more familiar to everyone. This chapter examines the origin and coherence of a certain candidate notion of qualia. Qualia are supposed ... More


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