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Transcendental Necessity

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The previous chapters provide only an explanation for the fact that people have a generalized willingness to act cooperatively, even in isolated interactions with strangers. It does not provide any ... More


Pseudopsychopathy: a perspective from cognitive neuroscience

Michael Koenigs and Daniel Tranel

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In 1975, Blumer and Benson coined the term ‘pseudopsychopathy’ to describe the personalities of a subset of frontal lobe patients who lacked adult tact and restraint. In contrast to conventional, or ... More


Biological Factors and the Development of Persistent Criminality

Patrick Sylvers, Stacy R. Ryan, S. Amanda Alden, and Patricia A. Brennan

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter orients the reader to the current biological models of delinquent psychopathology and provides an overview of the biological literature; including heritability, psychophysiology, ... More


Conclusion: The Many Faces of Psychopathy

Thomas Schramme

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter is an attempt to wrap up the discussion put forward in this book, but also to point out future directions of interdisciplinary research on psychopathy. Most notably, it presents the ... More


Psychopathy, Empathy, and Moral Motivation

A. E. Denham

in Iris Murdoch, Philosopher

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289905
eISBN:
9780191728471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289905.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the meta-ethical and psychological implications of Murdoch’s epistemic internalism—her claim that moral responsiveness is a condition of reliable and accurate moral ... More


Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Thomas Schramme (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychopathy has been the subject of investigations in both philosophy and psychiatry and yet the conceptual issues remain largely unresolved. This volume approaches psychopathy by considering the ... More


Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The last two decades have seen tremendous growth in biological research on psychopathy, a mental disorder distinguished by traits including a lack of empathy or emotional response, egocentricity, ... More


Does Psychopathy Appear Fully Only in Adulthood?

Raymond R. Corrado

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines psychopathy as a key correlate of serious delinquency and violence. It summarizes the considerable and varied debate on how to best measure psychopathy and compares different ... More


Norms with Feeling: Toward a Psychological Account of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A large tradition of work in moral psychology explores the capacity for moral judgment by focusing on the basic capacity to distinguish moral violations (e.g., hitting another person) from ... More


Is It Irrational to Be Amoral?: How Psychopaths Threaten Moral Rationalism

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral rationalism provides one prominent way of securing moral objectivism. If morality derives from reason, then morality might enjoy an objective basis. In this chapter, two rationalist claims are ... More


In Cold Blood: The Evolution of Psychopathy

Martin L. LalumiÈre, Sandeep Mishra, and Grant T. Harris

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents an evolutionary psychological perspective on psychopathy. It begins with a discussion of the construct of psychopathy. It then discusses explanations of psychopathy, the ... More


The Neurobiological Basis of Empathy and Its Development in the Context of Our Evolutionary Heritage

Eric E. Nelson

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Empathy, or the ability to share feeling states with other individuals, is an important aspect of affiliative, prosocial behavior in modern-day humans. At a neurobiological level, empathic responding ... More


Introduction

Thomas Schramme

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the main findings of the medical research on psychopathy as well as the most significant threads of the philosophical debates surrounding psychopathy. It also introduces the ... More


Neuroscience, Free Will, and Moral Responsibility

Walter Glannon

in Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734092
eISBN:
9780199894475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734092.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that findings from cognitive neuroscience do not show that free will is an illusion and points our flaws in the argument from illusion. The fact that a mental state or event has ... More


Biosocial and Environmental Influences

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter looks at how environmental factors—such as parenting, abuse, poverty, head injury, birth complications, nutrition, toxins, and a variety of other factors—can contribute to psychopathy. ... More


Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo, and Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book comprises 26 exciting chapters by internationally renowned scholars, addressing the central psychological process separating humans from other animals: the ability to imagine the thoughts ... More


Social cognition in individuals with psychopathic tendencies

James Blair and Stuart F. White

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Psychopathy is a disorder marked by reduced empathy/ guild and an increased risk for antisocial behavior, particularly instrumental, goal-directed antisocial behavior. This chapter will consider the ... More


Rethinking the Implications of Discovering Biomarkers for Biologically Based Criminality

Paul Root Wolpe

in Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

The scientific inquiry into the biological basis of criminal behavior is problematic. The intent in this chapter is not to provide a critique of the science of biological criminology, but of the ... More


The Heterogeneous Construct of Psychopathy

Henning Sass

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the history of the concept of psychopathy and its continuities with more recent perspectives. “Psychopathy,” as understood today, has many predecessors in different countries, ... More


Without Fellow Feeling

Heidi L. Maibom

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter challenges the influential idea that psychopaths lack empathy. The approach combines conceptual analysis with perspectives on empirical data. Different aspects of empathy are ... More


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