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Transcendental Necessity

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The previous chapters provide only an explanation for the fact that people have a generalized willingness to act cooperatively, even in isolated interactions with strangers. It does not provide any ... More


Pseudopsychopathy: a perspective from cognitive neuroscience

Michael Koenigs and Daniel Tranel

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In 1975, Blumer and Benson coined the term ‘pseudopsychopathy’ to describe the personalities of a subset of frontal lobe patients who lacked adult tact and restraint. In contrast to conventional, or ... More


Biological Factors and the Development of Persistent Criminality

Patrick Sylvers, Stacy R. Ryan, S. Amanda Alden, and Patricia A. Brennan

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter orients the reader to the current biological models of delinquent psychopathology and provides an overview of the biological literature; including heritability, psychophysiology, ... More


Conclusion: The Many Faces of Psychopathy

Thomas Schramme

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter is an attempt to wrap up the discussion put forward in this book, but also to point out future directions of interdisciplinary research on psychopathy. Most notably, it presents the ... More


Psychopathy, Empathy, and Moral Motivation

A. E. Denham

in Iris Murdoch, Philosopher

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289905
eISBN:
9780191728471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289905.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the meta-ethical and psychological implications of Murdoch’s epistemic internalism—her claim that moral responsiveness is a condition of reliable and accurate moral ... More


Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Thomas Schramme (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychopathy has been the subject of investigations in both philosophy and psychiatry and yet the conceptual issues remain largely unresolved. This volume approaches psychopathy by considering the ... More


Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The last two decades have seen tremendous growth in biological research on psychopathy, a mental disorder distinguished by traits including a lack of empathy or emotional response, egocentricity, ... More


Does Psychopathy Appear Fully Only in Adulthood?

Raymond R. Corrado

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines psychopathy as a key correlate of serious delinquency and violence. It summarizes the considerable and varied debate on how to best measure psychopathy and compares different ... More


Norms with Feeling: Toward a Psychological Account of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A large tradition of work in moral psychology explores the capacity for moral judgment by focusing on the basic capacity to distinguish moral violations (e.g., hitting another person) from ... More


Is It Irrational to Be Amoral?: How Psychopaths Threaten Moral Rationalism

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral rationalism provides one prominent way of securing moral objectivism. If morality derives from reason, then morality might enjoy an objective basis. In this chapter, two rationalist claims are ... More


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