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Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Shaun Nichols

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This volume develops a new account of the nature of moral judgment. Evidence from developmental psychology and psychopathologies suggests that emotions play a crucial role in normal moral judgment. ... More


The Emotional Construction of Morals

Jesse Prinz

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that recent work in philosophy, neuroscience, and anthropology supports two radical hypotheses about the nature of morality: moral values are based on emotional responses, and these ... More


Are Bigots Sick?

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on bigotry. A case is made for viewing visceral bigotry as both a sickness and a wrongdoing. It is argued that (visceral) bigotry ... More


Emotion and Memory in Development: Clinical and Forensic Implications

Karen Salmon and Rowena Conroy

in Emotion in Memory and Development: Biological, Cognitive, and Social Considerations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326932
eISBN:
9780199870318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326932.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter begins with a commentary on how the chapters in this book, which provide different “windows” on the association between emotion and memory, have potentially far-reaching implications, ... More


Competence, Resilience, and Development in Adolescence: Clues for Prevention Science

Ann S. Masten

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter considers ways of preventing adolescent psychopathology deduced from research on risk, competence, and resilience in developmental psychopathology. The first section focuses on ... More


Emotional Development:: Recent Research Advances

Jacqueline Nadel and Darwin Muir (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528845
eISBN:
9780191689567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528845.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

From prenatal life onwards, our emotions play a central role in our development. Exactly how emotions shape our lives is less clear. We know that emotional impairments can have a disastrous effect on ... More


Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Implications for Mechanisms of Change and Practice in Psychotherapy

Daniel David, Arthur Freeman, and Raymond DiGiuseppe

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter explores the role of irrational beliefs in stressful and nonstressful situations in health promoting behaviors, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and psychotherapy in general. It argues that ... More


Clinical Implications of Implicit Motives

Joel Weinberger, Tanya Cotler, and Daniel Fishman

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Those who study implicit motives and those who study clinical psychology are often ignorant of one another’s work. Yet, they have much to offer one another. Satisfying dominant implicit motives ... More


From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Why do many juveniles stop offending when they grow up? Why are juvenile delinquents dealt with differently in the courts than adult criminals, and should young adults be dealt with differently than ... More


The Influence of Family Context on the Development and Persistence of Antisocial Behavior

Linda S. Pagani

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the links between family influences and the development and persistence of antisocial behavior. Bearing a strong preference for longitudinal designs, it synthesizes the ... More


On the Couch, in the Lab: Pathology, Psychoanalysis, Neuroscience

Paul Marshall

in Mystical Encounters with the Natural World: Experiences and Explanations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199279432
eISBN:
9780191603440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279438.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The focus here is naturalistic explanations that put great weight on the functioning or malfunctioning of the brain or mind. R. C. Zaehner turned against nature mysticism and put forward several ... More


Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Jacob A. Burack, James T. Enns, and Nathan A. Fox (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The premise of this volume is that the disciplines of cognitive neuroscience, development, and psychopathology are complementary in the study of human perception and attention. Although each ... More


Explanations for Offending

Terence P. Thornberry, Peggy C. Giordano, Christopher Uggen, Mauri Matsuda, Ann S. Masten, Erik Bulten, and Andrea G. Donker

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the current theoretical models that have been developed to explain criminal offending during the transition years between adolescence and adulthood. The chapter first ... More


Mental Illness and Its Limits

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Studies indicate an ongoing “epidemic of psychopathology.” These newly popular pathologies range widely, not just in their incidence but in their presentation: social anxiety disorder, panic ... More


Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Rocco J. Gennaro (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Disturbed Consciousness, philosophers and other scholars examine various psychopathologies in light of specific philosophical theories of consciousness. The contributing authors—some of them ... More


COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, DEVELOPMENT, AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: INTEGRATING PERSPECTIVE ON TYPICAL AND ATYPICAL TRAJECTORIES OF ATTENTION

James T. Enns and Jacob A. Burack

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

How do scientists of human behavior from three different perspectives approach the comparison of two highly publicized athletes of the 2008 Olympics: Shaun Johnson, a female American gymnast who is 5 ... More


LINKING EARLY ADVERSITY, BRAIN, AND DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: A REVIEW OF FINDINGS FROM SURVIVORS OF EXTREMELY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT AND CHILD MALTREATMENT

Vladimir Miskovic and Louis A. Schmidt

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Mounting evidence indicates that early life adversity is associated with increased vulnerability for psychiatric impairment across the lifespan. Until recently, most human studies in this field have ... More


Music Listening and Mental Health: Variations on Internalizing Psychopathology

Dave Miranda, Patrick Gaudreau, Régine Debrosse, Julien Morizot, and Laurence J. Kirmayer

in Music, Health, and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199586974
eISBN:
9780191738357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586974.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter focuses on the role of music listening in psychopathology, which here refers to ‘patterns of behaviours, cognitions, and emotions that are abnormal, disruptive, or distressing either to ... More


The Psychological Aftermath of Terrorism: A Current State of the Science

Samuel Justin Sinclair and Daniel Antonius

in The Psychology of Terrorism Fears

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388114
eISBN:
9780199949816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388114.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to present an overview of the science that has been disseminated over the past decade on the psychological impact of terrorism. Both short- and longer-term research on ... More


Terrorism and Fear: New Models for Understanding the Impact of Political Violence

Samuel Justin Sinclair and Daniel Antonius

in The Psychology of Terrorism Fears

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388114
eISBN:
9780199949816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388114.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to further differentiate fear from more conventional models of psychopathology by presenting evidence for fear in the general population, as well as a preliminary body ... More


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