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Implicit Ontological Reasoning: The Problems of Dualism in Psychological Science

Brent D. Slife, Jeffrey S. Reber, and James E. Faulconer

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes a theoretical meta-analysis in which the literature of psychological science itself provides the data that ground its examination. Specifically, it focuses on one portion of ... More


Blind and Minimized Contact

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0030
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the blind contact strategy for psychological research. It then proposes that if we could eliminate experimenter-subject contact altogether it would seem that ... More


Psychology for Musicians: Understanding and Acquiring the Skills

Andreas C. Lehmann, John A. Sloboda, and Robert H. Woody

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195146103
eISBN:
9780199851164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146103.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This book provides a concise, accessible, and up-to-date introduction to psychological research for musicians, performers, music educators, and studio teachers. Designed to address the needs and ... More


Coping with Pediatric Cancer: Theoretical and Research Perspectives

David J. Bearison and Raymond K. Mulhern

in Pediatric Psychooncology: Psychological Perspectives on Children with Cancer

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195079319
eISBN:
9780199999804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079319.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses how children who have cancer and their families cope with and adjust to the experience. It considers the problems in defining adequate coping and adjustment reactions given the ... More


The Positive Psychology of Positive Emotions: An Avuncular View

Shigehiro Oishi and Jaime L. Kurtz

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter offers a critique of positive emotion research with the goal of suggesting specific ways positive psychology could move forward. Although research on positive emotion has made tremendous ... More


Race and Ethnicity among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Communities

Bianca D. M. Wilson and Gary W. Harper

in Handbook of Psychology and Sexual Orientation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199765218
eISBN:
9780199979585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765218.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter is aimed at reviewing, discussing, and providing an overview of the field of psychology’s current status concerning the study of one configuration of multiple identities with regard to ... More


Ethical Types

Webb Keane

in Ethical Life: Its Natural and Social Histories

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167732
eISBN:
9781400873593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167732.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the problem raised by some of the psychological research, the relationship between those processes that work beyond the scope of the individual's awareness, and what it is ... More


Challenges, Pitfalls, and Aspirations for Positive Psychology

Todd B. Kashdan and Michael F. Steger

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses the challenges faced by the field of positive psychology as it approaches its second decade of existence. Among these is the lack of clarity on which research topics constitute ... More


Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities over the Lifespan: Psychological Perspectives

Anthony R. DʼAugelli and Charlotte J. Patterson (eds)

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082319
eISBN:
9780199848577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082319.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

What is the current state of psychological knowledge about lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals? This book presents definitive treatments of both current and classical psychological research and theory ... More


Place and Well-Being

Richard Florida and Peter J. Rentfrow

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter makes a case for the importance of place in positive psychology. It addresses the question: Does where people live affect their psychological well-being? Despite the fair amount of ... More


Sexual Orientation and Family Lives

Charlotte J. Patterson

in Handbook of Psychology and Sexual Orientation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199765218
eISBN:
9780199979585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765218.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Like others around them, lesbian, gay, and bisexual people are born into families, sustain lifelong relationships with members of their birth families, and create new families of their own. This ... More


Positive Psychology as a Force for Social Change

Robert Biswas-Diener, P. Alex Linley, Reena Govindji, and Linda Woolston

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Researchers are at a crucial turning point in the evolution of positive psychology. The initial period in which it was necessary for apologists of positive psychology to establish the validity and ... More


Envy as Predicted by the Stereotype Content Model: A Volatile Ambivalence

Lasana T. Harris, Mina Cikara, and Susan T. Fiske

in Envy: Theory and Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195327953
eISBN:
9780199301485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327953.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

People have an affective response to others based on their perceived social category. This group-based affect is influenced by the target's perceived warmth and competence, and affects subsequent ... More


Empathy and the Novel

Suzanne Keen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195175769
eISBN:
9780199851232
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175769.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book presents an account of the relationships among novel reading, empathy, and altruism. Though readers' and authors' empathy certainly contribute to the emotional resonance of fiction and its ... More


Introduction: The Crossroads of Psychology and Evidence Law

Michael J. Saks and Barbara A. Spellman

in The Psychological Foundations of Evidence Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479880041
eISBN:
9780814768785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479880041.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Rules of evidence are designed to facilitate trials by controlling what evidence may be presented at trial. Those rules came into being, and evolved over time, due to changes in trial process and ... More


The Psychological Foundations of Evidence Law

Michael J. Saks and Barbara A. Spellman

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479880041
eISBN:
9780814768785
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479880041.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Trials are supposed to be not only fair and accurate but also efficient. Evidence law is meant to facilitate trials, and, at the same time, to encourage and protect important societal values and ... More


Attention

William R. Uttal

in Mind and Brain: A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015967
eISBN:
9780262298902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015967.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the term “attention,” which is used in the context of psychological research. Several popular definitions of attention are presented along with definitions used by the ... More


The Psychology of Assurance: An Emotional Tale

Janice Gross Stein

in Security Assurances and Nuclear Nonproliferation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804778275
eISBN:
9780804784917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778275.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter outlines recent psychological research, especially concerning the role of emotions, to update previous work on how psychological factors impact the use of assurance strategies. It also ... More


Debriefing and accountability in deceptive research

John P. Gluck Jr. and David Wendler

in The Ethical Challenges of Human Research: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199896202
eISBN:
9780190267681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896202.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines ethical issues relating to the practice of debriefing in deceptive research. Deception is a common method of study design in research on attitudes and behavior, especially in ... More


Criminal Juries in the 21st Century: A Case-Study Introduction to Contemporary Issues

Margaret C. Stevenson and Cynthia J. Najdowski

in Criminal Juries in the 21st Century: Psychological Science and the Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190658113
eISBN:
9780190658144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190658113.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the goals of the present volume and a preview of the individual chapters herein. Specifically, it reviews research on various understudied and ... More


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