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Evolutionary Perspectives on Sibling Relationships

Richard L. Michalski and Harald A. Euler

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Sibling relationships are unique. They are the longest lasting human social relationship exceeding, on average, the length of relationships with parents, mates, and children. The powerful underlying ... More


A Framework for the Psychology of Norms

Chandra Sekhar Sripada and Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers an account of the psychological mechanisms and processes underlying norms that integrate what is known and can serve as a framework for future research. The chapter is organized ... More


Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Charles R. Legg and David Booth (eds)

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This is the first book to deal with both the psychological and neurobiological mechanisms in appetites for drugs, food, sex, and gambling, and considers whether there are common factors between them. ... More


Culture and psychological mechanisms

Henry Plotkin

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues against memetics as a science that decreases culture to biology. In particular, it briefly refutes the charge of reductionism, and then attempts to save memetics from the second ... More


The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

David M. Buss and Patricia H. Hawley (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

Rather than viewing individual differences as merely the raw material upon which selection operates, this book provides theories and empirical evidence which suggest that personality and individual ... More


Tversky and Kahneman's availability approach to frequency judgement: a critical analysis

Tilmann Betsch and Devika Pohl

in Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the predictive power of Tversky and Kahneman's availability approach to frequency estimation. It is shown that the original formulation of the availability approach does not ... More


The Place of Truth in Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Suppose we think that knowledge is belief that is both true and derives from intellectual virtue. And if we also assume that knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief, then where does the ... More


‘Others’ and others: hysteria and the divided self

Sean A. Spence

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

In hysteria, a physical symptom or sign is said to be produced by a psychological mechanism, triggered by a conflict within the patient. Crucially, there is no explanatory physical cause that can be ... More


Experiments in primatology: from the lab to the field and back again

Charles H. Janson and Sarah F. Brosnan

in Primate Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199659449
eISBN:
9780191774775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses how studies of field and captive (both laboratory and free-ranging captive) populations can provide complementary insights into the function and mechanisms of primate ... More


Religious Prosociality: A Synthesis

Ara Norenzayan, Joseph Henrich, and Edward Slingerland

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Religion is a ubiquitous aspect of human culture, yet until recently, relatively little was known about its natural origins and effects on human minds and societies. This is changing, as scientific ... More


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