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The Visioneers: How a Group of Elite Scientists Pursued Space Colonies, Nanotechnologies, and a Limitless Future

W. Patrick McCray

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176291
eISBN:
9781400844685
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176291.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In 1969, Princeton physicist Gerard O'Neill began looking outward to space colonies as the new frontier for humanity's expansion. A decade later, Eric Drexler turned his attention to the molecular ... More


Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Allison B. Kaufman and James C. Kaufman (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed ... More


Are Postmodernist Universities and Scholarship Undermining Modern Democracy?

Philip A. Sullivan

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the encroachment of advocacy in certain disciplines has undermined their credibility, and that this trend is largely due to uncritical acceptance of relativist epistemologies ... More


Gregory Benford

George Slusser

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038228
eISBN:
9780252096037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038228.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Gregory Benford is perhaps best known as the author of Benford's law of controversy: “Passion is inversely proportional to the amount of real information available.” That maxim is a quotation from ... More


Readings and Misreadings

N. David Mermin

in The One Culture?: A Conversation about Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226467221
eISBN:
9780226467245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226467245.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Years of public attacks on astrology by eminent scientists seem to have created the presumption that no scientist can address the subject in any context without deploring and condemning. This chapter ... More


Using Case Studies to Combat a Pseudoscience Culture

Clyde Freeman Herreid

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

To combat pseudoscience, students must first understand that science is not just a collection of facts but it is a way of discovering the nature of the physical world. The way that scientists go ... More


The Psychology of (Pseudo)Science: Cognitive, Social, and Cultural Factors

Emilio J. C. Lobato and Corinne Zimmerman

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

We review findings from the psychology of science that are relevant to understanding or explaining peoples’ tendencies to believe both scientific and pseudoscientific claims. We discuss relevant ... More


Understanding Pseudoscience Vulnerability through Epistemological Development, Critical Thinking, and Science Literacy

Arnold Kozak

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The American public is vulnerable to pseudoscience due to 1) a general lack of science literacy (e.g., not knowing how to distinguish science from pseudoscience 2) pedagogy that emphasizes ... More


Scientific Failure as a Public Good: Illustrating the Process of Science and Its Contrast with Pseudoscience

Chad Orzel

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Scientists and science communicators often lament high-profile public failures as "hurting science" by sowing doubt that can be exploited by purveyors of pseudo-science. I will argue that, on the ... More


Evidence-Based Practice as a Driver of Pseudoscience in Prevention Research

Dennis M. Gorman

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many of the subject matters discussed under the topic of pseudoscience can be readily distinguished from science proper, and there are few individuals with any serious scientific training who would ... More


Abuses and Misuses of Intelligence Tests: Facts and Misconceptions

Mark Benisz, John O. Willis, and Ron Dumont

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Although the term IQ is widely used in popular culture, the true definition of intelligence and how it is measured is misunderstood. We provide an overview of how the construct of intelligence and ... More


Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Massimo Pigliucci and Maarten Boudry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What sets the practice of rigorously tested, sound science apart from pseudoscience? This book seeks to answer this question, known to philosophers of science as “the demarcation problem.” This issue ... More


Abominable Science!: Origins of the Yeti, Nessie, and Other Famous Cryptids

Donald Prothero and Daniel Loxton

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153201
eISBN:
9780231526814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153201.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Throughout our history, humans have been captivated by mythic beasts and legendary creatures. Tales of Bigfoot, the Yeti, and the Loch Ness monster are part of our collective experience. This book ... More


Why the Demarcation Problem Matters

Massimo Pigliucci and Maarten Boudry

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to offer a lively and constructive discussion about demarcationism among philosophers, sociologists, historians, and professional ... More


Science and Pseudoscience: How to Demarcate after the (Alleged) Demise of the Demarcation Problem

Martin Mahner

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores a cluster approach to demarcation. The first step toward a feasible demarcation is choosing the most comprehensive unit of analysis: entire fields of knowledge, or epistemic ... More


Toward a Demarcation of Science from Pseudoscience

James Ladyman

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first distinguishes between the concepts of pseudoscience, nonscience, bad science, and science fraud. It then considers why we need the concept of pseudoscience. Next, it deploys Harry ... More


Defining Pseudoscience and Science

Sven Ove Hansson

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter recasts the demarcation problem in terms of epistemic warrant. It proposes a definition of pseudoscience that differs from most previous proposals by operating on a higher level of ... More


Loki's Wager and Laudan's Error: On Genuine and Territorial Demarcation

Maarten Boudry

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter attempts to clarify the confusion between genuine demarcation (the science/pseudoscience boundaries) and the “territorial” demarcation between science and other epistemic fields ... More


Science, Pseudoscience, and Science Falsely So-Called

Daniel P. Thurs and Ronald L. Numbers

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents a historical analysis of pseudoscience, tracking down the coinage and currency of the term and explaining its shifting meaning in tandem with the emerging historical identity of ... More


Paranormalism and Pseudoscience as Deviance

Erich Goode

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter analyzes paranormalism as a “deviant discipline” violating the consensus of established science. It discusses the five types of pseudoscientific belief systems: beliefs that depend on a ... More


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