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The Politics of the Poor: The East End of London 1885-1914

Marc Brodie

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199270552
eISBN:
9780191710254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270552.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This book is about the political views of the ‘classic’ poor of London's East End in the late Victorian and Edwardian periods. The residents of this area have been historically characterized as ... More


Rules of Origin and US trade policy

Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, and Thierry Verdier

in The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290482
eISBN:
9780191603471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290482.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Rules of origin (ROOs) in US free-trade agreements (FTAs) provide particularized benefits to industries like textiles and autos. In so doing, they have helped win Congressional approval of ... More


The Impact of Passive Leverage: The EU and Eastern Europe, 1989–94

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EU had a negligible impact on the course of political change in the new democracies from 1989 to 1994. This chapter traces empirically the relationship between the EU and the liberal and ... More


Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Douglas A. Irwin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Smoot–Hawley tariff of 1930, which raised U.S. duties on hundreds of imported goods to record levels, is America's most infamous trade law. It is often associated with—and sometimes blamed ... More


The United States and the GATT/WTO System

Gautam Sen

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

An examination is made of the relationship between the US and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and its successor, the World Trade Organization, addressing the crucial question of ... More


The Intersection of Law and Markets

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the role of European case law in fostering an integrated market. Through a series of landmark cases, including Cassis De Dijon, Dassonville, and Keck, the European Court of Justice has ... More


Government Spending and Public Support for Trade in the OECD

Jude C. Hays

in Globalization and the New Politics of Embedded Liberalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195369335
eISBN:
9780199871056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369335.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter is organized as follows. The first section briefly reviews and critiques the literature on trade and government spending. The second section examines the empirical determinants of ... More


Trade and Employment Volatility in Corporatist and Competitive Labor Markets

Jude C. Hays

in Globalization and the New Politics of Embedded Liberalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195369335
eISBN:
9780199871056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369335.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter argues that because of important cross-national differences in domestic political and economic institutions, the severity of Rodrik's globalization dilemma varies across countries. In ... More


Introduction

Douglas A. Irwin

in Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This introductory chapter discusses the background of the Smoot–Hawley tariff, which President Herbert Hoover signed into law on June 17, 1930. The Smoot–Hawley tariff ranks among the most infamous ... More


Domestic Politics

Douglas A. Irwin

in Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on the long and politically divisive passage of the Smoot–Hawley tariff through Congress. The popular perception is that Congress enacted a higher tariff because it caved in to ... More


Economic Consequences

Douglas A. Irwin

in Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter addresses the economic effects of the Smoot–Hawley tariff. The popular perception is that the tariff raised import duties to record levels and helped cause the Great Depression. In fact, ... More


Foreign Retaliation

Douglas A. Irwin

in Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines at the international reaction to the Smoot–Hawley tariff. The popular perception is that the tariff backfired by triggering retaliation against U.S. exports and the spread of ... More


Aftermath and Legacy

Douglas A. Irwin

in Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150321
eISBN:
9781400838394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150321.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter assesses the aftermath and legacy of the Smoot–Hawley tariff. Smoot–Hawley gave congressional trade policy making a bad name that persists to this day. Those who enacted it promised ... More


A Global Crisis

Kiran Klaus Patel

in The New Deal: A Global History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149127
eISBN:
9781400873623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149127.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter sets the stage and interprets the Great Depression as a global event, as a time of testing for both democracy and capitalism. The Great Depression was not solely an American experience, ... More


Trade Integration

Yung Chul Park

in Economic Liberalization and Integration in East Asia: A Post-Crisis Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276776
eISBN:
9780191603051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276773.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The push towards a regional free trade arrangement has been replaced by a push for a series of bilateral agreements, notably by Japan and China. Their merits will be based on their contributions to ... More


Trade Agreements, Exchange Rate Disagreements

Eduardo Fernández-Arias, Ugo Panizza, and Ernesto Stein

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The negative effects on exports and FDI flows of an exchange rate misalignment are amplified when the misalignment is among countries that share a regional integration agreement. Such agreements ... More


‘No Settled Convictions’? Arthur Balfour, Political Economy, and Tariff Reform: A Reconsideration

E. H. H. GREEN

in Ideologies of Conservatism: Conservative Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205937
eISBN:
9780191717116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205937.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines the political economy of the Edwardian Conservative leader Arthur Balfour, and seeks to open new vistas on the complexities and nuances of the tariff reform versus free trade ... More


Modernity and the European Encounter with Hollywood

David Ellwood

in The Shock of America: Europe and the Challenge of the Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198228790
eISBN:
9780191741739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228790.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, American History: 20th Century

‘Once every hundred times we see: film. For the rest we see: movies. The herd, the commercial régime, America, kitsch’: so said an Amsterdam critic in 1927. The chapter analyses the arrival of ... More


Industrial Policy and Lessons of the Telecommunications Revolution

Eric Harwit

in China's Telecommunications Revolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233748
eISBN:
9780191715556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233748.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter proposes corollaries to basic industrial policy theory, ones based on the outcome of China's telecommunications transformation. It indicates a few points other developing nations should ... More


The Handloom Weavers' Bones

Alice H. Amsden

in The Rise of “The Rest”: Challenges to the West From Late-Industrializing Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139693
eISBN:
9780199832897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139690.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, International

The fierce competition triggered after 1815 by Britain's technological revolution in textiles created havoc, and ultimately four defensive strategies among textile‐producing countries: at the high ... More


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