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Self-Regulation of Courageous Bystander Interventions

Kai J. Jonas

in On Behalf of Others: The Psychology of Care in a Global World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385557
eISBN:
9780199864669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385557.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter contends that the interaction of situational and individual factors has been overlooked by the literature on courageous bystander interventions as it often fails to consider the ... More


Health and the Ecology of Altruism

David Sloan Wilson and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter tests an ecological and evolutionary hypothesis of the fitness of altruists, using the Sloan Study of Youth and Social Development, which includes information on a large sample of ... More


Altruism and Health: Is There a Link During Adolescence?

Peter L. Benson, E. Gil Clary, and Peter C. Scales

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The links between prosocial action and health in adolescence have not been a central area of inquiry in the social sciences. Nevertheless, there is a growing body of literature that provides some ... More


A Cooperative Species

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This book examines the cultural, biological and other processes that explain how humans evolved into an exceptionally cooperative species. It advances two propositions, the first of which deals with ... More


Socioeconomic, Peer, School, and Community Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the importance of socioeconomic factors as predictors of offending and reviews peer, school, and community influences. The findings reveal that offenders usually come from ... More


The Developmental Relations between Perspective Taking and Prosocial Behaviors: A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Task-Specificity Hypothesis

Gustavo Carlo, George P. Knight, Meredith McGinley, Rebecca Goodvin, and Scott C. Roesch

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Given the multidimensional nature of both perspective taking and prosocial behaviors, the authors advance an information processing position that attending to characteristics of tasks used to assess ... More


Patterns of Abrahamic Reconciliation: Act, Ritual, and Symbol as Transformation

Marc Gopin

in Holy War, Holy Peace: How Religion Can Bring Peace to the Middle East

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195146509
eISBN:
9780199834235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195146506.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

One of the central challenges facing cultural and religious peacemaking is the self‐imposed wall around ethnic and religious identities, particularly in terms of the deliberate circumscription of ... More


Social Identifications and Pro-Social Activity in Poland

Katarzyna Hamer and Jakub Gutowski

in On Behalf of Others: The Psychology of Care in a Global World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385557
eISBN:
9780199864669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385557.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Globalization has opened up the possibility of widening an individual’s sense of belonging to broader and perhaps more abstract commonalities, such as Europe or humanity. The more locally bounded ... More


Toward a Pluralism of Prosocial Motives—and a More Humane Society

C. Daniel Batson

in Altruism in Humans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341065
eISBN:
9780199894222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341065.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Evidence for empathy-induced altruism poses a challenge to the value assumption of the theory of rational choice. This chapter considers broader theoretical and practical implications of moving ... More


Context-Specific Responses to Self-Resembling Faces

Lisa M. DeBruine and Benedict C. Jones

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter details the methodological issues surrounding the experimental study of human facial resemblance and reviews experimental evidence from studies using such methods. Facial resemblance was ... More


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