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Experience and the World's Own Language: A Critique of John McDowell's Empiricism

Richard Gaskin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287253
eISBN:
9780191603969
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287252.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

John McDowell’s attempt to revive the doctrine of empiricism in a ‘minimal’ or ‘transcendental’ form is seriously undermined by inadequacies in the way he conceives what he styles the ‘order of ... More


The Nature and Structure of Content

Jeffrey C. King

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199226061
eISBN:
9780191710377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226061.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Belief in propositions has had a long and distinguished history in analytic philosophy. Three of the founding fathers of analytic philosophy, Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and G. E. Moore, ... More


Introduction

Jeffrey C. King

in The Nature and Structure of Content

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199226061
eISBN:
9780191710377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226061.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with a brief analysis of why philosophers believe in propositions. The main purpose of the book is then discussed, which is to formulate and defend a detailed account ... More


Relativism and Monadic Truth

Herman Cappelen and John Hawthorne

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199560554
eISBN:
9780191720963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560554.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Relativism has dominated many intellectual circles, past and present, but the 20th century saw it banished to the fringes of mainstream analytic philosophy. Of late, however, it is making something ... More


Belief about the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content

Neil Feit

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195341362
eISBN:
9780199866922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341362.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Some of our beliefs are fundamentally about ourselves: these are beliefs about who we are, where we are, and which features we have. Philosophers typically suppose that the contents of our beliefs ... More


The Unity of the Proposition

Richard Gaskin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239450
eISBN:
9780191716997
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239450.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is about the philosophy of language. It analyses what is distinctive about sentences and the propositions they express — what marks them off from mere lists of words and mere aggregates of ... More


Truth-operations

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

From a single proposition p we form its negation not-p. From two propositions p and q we form various further propositions, e.g., p or q, p and q, etc.; similarly (though less often) with three or ... More


Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Berit Brogaard

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

What are the things that we assert, believe, and desire? The orthodox view among philosophers is eternalism: these are contents that have their truth-values eternally. Transient Truths provides the ... More


Objectivity and the Parochial

Charles Travis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199596218
eISBN:
9780191595783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596218.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Thought, to be thought at all, must be about a world independent of us. But thinking takes capacities for thought, which inevitably shape thought's objects. What would count as something being ... More


Truthmakers

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of a truthmaker is introduced, and the importance of the notion for metaphysics is stressed. Russell was a pioneer. All truth is a matter of correspondence of a proposition to reality, so ... More


Objects of Thought

A. N. Prior

P. T. Geach and A. J. P. Kenny (eds)

Published in print:
1971
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243540
eISBN:
9780191680694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243540.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This book is divided into two parts. The first concentrates on the logical properties of propositions, their relation to facts and sentences, and the parallel objects of commands and questions. The ... More


Moral Fictionalism

Mark Eli Kalderon

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199275977
eISBN:
9780191706066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275977.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Moral realists maintain that morality has a distinctive subject matter. Specifically, realists maintain that moral discourse is representational, that moral sentences express moral propositions — ... More


Conclusion

Sarah Waterlow

in Passage and Possibility: A Study of Aristotle's Modal Concepts

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246565
eISBN:
9780191681011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246565.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the charge that Aristotle merges modal with extensional concepts is baseless. His doctrines A' and B' link possibility and necessity with realization at some and at all ... More


Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

C. W. A. Whitaker

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The De Interpretatione is one of Aristotle's core works, containing highly influential analyses of the basic elements of language and the nature of truth and falsehood, as well as the famous ... More


Facing Facts

Stephen Neale

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book is an original examination of attempts to dislodge a cornerstone of modern philosophy: the idea that our thoughts and utterances are representations of slices of reality. Representations ... More


Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Alvin Plantinga

Matthew Davidson (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of my essays, dating from 1969, concerning the metaphysics of modality. The first two chapters are a defense of the idea of modality de re against criticisms from William ... More


The Things We Mean

Stephen Schiffer

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199257768
eISBN:
9780191602313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

There exist such things as the things we mean and believe, and they are what the book calls pleonastic propositions. The book is about what these propositions are in themselves, and about their place ... More


The Semantics of Propositions

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter provides a systematic discussion of Buridan’s nominalist semantics of propositions and sentential nominalizations. The chapter argues that despite its incompleteness, Buridan’s theory is ... More


Metaphysical Realism and the Unity of Truth

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A connection between metaphysical realism and the idea that truth is single and indivisible (alethic monism) is proposed. It is argued that propositions are the primary bearers of truth and truth ... More


Language–Thought Relations

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on language-thought relations. It argues that grasping a proposition does not require deploying internally a sentence of natural language that expresses it. This alone threatens ... More


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