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Trade and the Environment: Fundamental Issues in International Law, WTO Law, and Legal Theory

Erich Vranes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562787
eISBN:
9780191705366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562787.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This book deals with a central topic in general international law, WTO law, and international environmental law, namely the relevance of the WTO legal system for environmental protection. The ... More


Killing in War

Jeff McMahan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Killing a person is in general among the most seriously wrongful forms of action, yet most of us accept that it can be permissible to kill people on a large scale in war. Does morality become more ... More


Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990

Arend Lijphart

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273479
eISBN:
9780191684050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273479.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

An electoral system is the most fundamental element of representative democracy, translating citizen's votes into representatives' seats. It is also the most potent practical instrument available to ... More


EU Intervention in Domestic Labour Law

Phil Syrpis

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199277209
eISBN:
9780191707445
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277209.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Employment Law

This book investigates the extent to which the European Union intervenes, and should intervene, in domestic labour law. It examines the stated and potential rationales for EU intervention, and argues ... More


The Nature of the Agreement

John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary

in The Northern Ireland Conflict: Consociational Engagements

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266579
eISBN:
9780191601446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266573.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The chapter provides a comprehensive constitutional and political evaluation of the Agreement of 1998. It explains that the Agreement is consistent with the four central pillars of consociational ... More


The Protection of Human Rights under the Belfast Agreement

John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary

in The Northern Ireland Conflict: Consociational Engagements

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266579
eISBN:
9780191601446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266573.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The chapter addresses a fundamental aspect of Northern Ireland's Agreement: the need to institutionalise rights protections. While a Bill of Rights should uphold traditional liberal norms of freedom ... More


Retrospective

David Pugmire

in Sound Sentiments: Integrity in the Emotions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276899
eISBN:
9780191602689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276897.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Residual issues—emotions need a kind of simplicity, but this is compatible with subtlety. Generally, what is the point of scrutinising the losses of integrity to which emotions are various ... More


Just Cause (Including Subcriteria) and Right Intention

Uwe Steinhoff

in On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter shows that the jus ad bellum criterion of just cause includes others, apart from right intention, as underlying facets: the legitimacy of the cause cannot be clarified independently of ... More


Humanitarian Intervention in the Balkans

Nicholas Morris*

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the success of the two humanitarian interventions in the Balkans – Bosnia in 1995 and Kosovo in 1999 – from the perspective of humanitarian organizations. It argues how, ironically, the ... More


Comparative Electoral Systems Research: The Maturation of a Field and New Challenges Ahead

Matthew Søberg Shugart

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A comprehensive review of the literature on electoral systems establishes the progress made in the field in recent years. This area of political science research can now be regarded as a mature ... More


Austria: A Complex Electoral System with Subtle Effects

Wolfgang C. Müller

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Austria has a complex list PR system in which seats are distributed at three levels: regional, land, and national. At the regional and land levels, electors can either vote for a party in general or ... More


Denmark: Simplicity Embedded in Complexity (or is it the Other Way Round)?

Jørgen Elklit

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Denmark has a very inclusive electoral system, combining high proportionality, low thresholds, and meaningful voter choice among candidates. Its multi-party system results in coalition governments, ... More


The Netherlands: The Sanctity of Proportionality

Rudy B. Andeweg

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Under the Dutch electoral system, voters can only express a choice for an individual candidate, and these votes are treated as a choice for a particular party. The parties do not encourage preference ... More


Conclusion: Humanitarian Intervention after 11 September

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter assesses the debate over humanitarian intervention in the light of the events of September 11, 2001. On the one hand, it can be argued that 9/11 has reversed the momentum ... More


External Accountability

Matthew Flinders

in Delegated Governance and the British State: Walking without Order

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199271603
eISBN:
9780191709241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271603.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

This chapter challenges the dominant view that public bodies are unaccountable, and instead seeks to cultivate a more sophisticated frame of analysis which is aware of and sympathetic to different ... More


Patronage

Matthew Flinders and Matthew Denton

in Delegated Governance and the British State: Walking without Order

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199271603
eISBN:
9780191709241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271603.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on the issue of public appointments and patronage. Contrary to media suggestions and the public's perception, research suggests that the sphere of delegated governance is no ... More


Exploitation versus Real Freedom

Philippe Van Parijs

in Real Freedom for All: What (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293576
eISBN:
9780191600074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293577.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

By providing a modest income even to those who do not want to work, is one not institutionalizing the exploitation of hard workers by free riders? There would definitely be ‘Lockean exploitation’, ... More


The Intersection of Law and Markets

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the role of European case law in fostering an integrated market. Through a series of landmark cases, including Cassis De Dijon, Dassonville, and Keck, the European Court of Justice has ... More


Conclusion: The Federal Vision Beyond the Federal State

Kalypso Nicolaidis

in The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the United States and the European Union

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245000
eISBN:
9780191599996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245002.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Fleshes out some of the common horizontal themes emerging from the book, and presents the broad elements of federal vision that have been discussed. The vision calls for five concurrent shifts in ... More


The Margin of Appreciation in International Human Rights Law: Deference and Proportionality

Andrew Legg

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199650453
eISBN:
9780191741173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199650453.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The margin of appreciation is a judicial doctrine whereby international courts allow states to have a measure of diversity in their interpretation of human rights treaty obligations. The doctrine is ... More


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