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Talk that Counts: Age, Gender, and Social Class Differences in Discourse

Ronald K. S. Macaulay

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173819
eISBN:
9780199788361
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173819.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This work is a sociolinguistic study employing quantitative methods to explore age, gender, and social class differences in the use of a range of discourse features. It is based on a gender-balanced ... More


Reference without Referents

R. M. Sainsbury

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199241804
eISBN:
9780191602696
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241805.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book concerns the nature of reference, and the theory it develops is intermediate between direct reference theories and descriptivist theories. A guiding thought is that just as truth conditions ... More


Pronouns

Thomas J. McKay

in Plural Predication

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199278145
eISBN:
9780191707971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278145.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on the significance of the account of descriptions for the development of a theory of English pronouns, especially E-type pronouns. The uses of pronouns, pronouns as bound ... More


The Overlapping Distribution of Personal and Demonstrative Pronouns

Donna K. Byron, Sarah Brown-Schmidt, and Michael K. Tanenhaus

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter explores pragmatic distinctions between personal pronouns such as ‘it’ and demonstrative pronouns such as ‘that’ in English. These two categories of pronoun are typically employed in ... More


Expressive Use

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I satisfies its expressive use in the deictic mode. It is the expressive use of any singular term to express thoughts. This requires that the speaker know the positive answer to ... More


Communicative Role

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I fulfils its communicative role in the deictic mode. It is the communicative role of any singular term to communicate thoughts. This requires that the audience know the ... More


Conclusion

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I has the logical character, inferential role, referential function, expressive use, and communicative role of a deictic term. Uses of I share the referential security and ... More


Logical Character

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The logical character of I is obligatorily deictic. Some variant devices have obligatory anaphoric reference, some are free, and some again have obligatory deictic reference. It is by singling out ... More


Inferential Role

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The inferential role of I is irreducibly deictic. The inferential roles of singular terms are distinguished by appeal to the different mechanisms required to guarantee co-reference in a ... More


Referential Function (I)

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The referential function of any singular term is to provide a positive answer to the question: ‘which individual is being spoken of?’, that is, to achieve determinacy of reference. What enables a ... More


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