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Introduction

Tito Boeri, Micael Castanheira, Riccardo Faini, Vincenzo Galasso, Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Carcillo Stéphane, Jonathan Haskel, Giuseppe Nicoletti, Enrico Perotti, Carlo Scarpa, Lidia Tsyganok, and Christian Wey

in Structural Reforms Without Prejudices

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203628
eISBN:
9780191708169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203628.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter introduces the first part of the book, which examines the question: do product market reforms contribute to Europe's poor growth and productivity record? The key finding is that although ... More


Competition and Economic Performance: A Brief Review of the Literature

Tito Boeri, Micael Castanheira, Riccardo Faini, Vincenzo Galasso, Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Carcillo Stéphane, Jonathan Haskel, Giuseppe Nicoletti, Enrico Perotti, Carlo Scarpa, Lidia Tsyganok, and Christian Wey

in Structural Reforms Without Prejudices

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203628
eISBN:
9780191708169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203628.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Theory is not ambiguous about the impact of competition on economic performance. Empirical evidence, however, suggests that competition raises productivity. Both policy-makers and the academic ... More


Fundamental Determinants of Exchange Rates

Jerome L. Stein and Polly Reynolds Allen

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293064
eISBN:
9780191596940
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293062.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

The NATREX approach offers an alternative paradigm to the Purchasing Power Parity for equilibrium real exchange rates. NATREX is the acronym for NATural Real EXchange, referring to a medium‐run, ... More


A Behavioural Model of Changing Pay Norms

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The note describes a simple version of the pay norm model, where the assumptions are chosen to bring out the essence of the argument, rather than to allow for the full richness of strategic ... More


A Behavioural Model of Change in Differentials: The ‘Fanning Out’ at the Top of the Earnings Distribution

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers a behavioural model of changes in differentials, directed particularly at explaining the fanning out of the upper part of the earnings distribution. It suggests that changes ... More


Model Extensions: How Should the Multiagent/Multiproduct Firm Reward and Measure Sales Force Performance?

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0017
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the multiproduct/multiagent firm should design compensation plans for its sales force. It distinguishes between the differential effects of experience (productivity), ... More


America’s Competitive Secret: Women Managers

Judy B. Rosener

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195119145
eISBN:
9780199854882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119145.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

The United States has a large number of well-educated, experienced professional women ready, willing, and able to move into the boardrooms and executive suites of corporate America. They represent a ... More


Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Louis Putterman

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book is a detailed study of rural reform in China. After the death of Mao, and with the ascendency of Deng Xiaoping in 1978, China began a programme of agricultural reform intended to increase ... More


The Impact of Soft Innovation upon Firm Performance

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter is concerned with impacts and policy, and addresses the private returns to investment in soft innovation. It shows that the existing literature on impacts is, not surprisingly, dominated ... More


New Risks and Social Change

Peter Taylor-Gooby

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

New social risks have emerged in relation to work‐life balance and securing a position in a more flexible labour market across Europe. Policy responses often involve the aspiration of ‘transforming ... More


New Growth Approach to Poverty Alleviation

Philippe Aghion and Beatriz Armendáriz de Aghion

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay attempts to break the divide between growth and development economics. Using the example of India over the past decades, it argues that innovation and/or productivity growth have been main ... More


The Role of Agriculture in Development

Mukesh Eswaran and Ashok Kotwal

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As countries develop, their labor force shifts from agriculture to industry and services, and in the process, the well-being of the people improves. This essay sheds some light on the economic logic ... More


Measuring Advertising Productivity

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter begins by evaluating methods for determining how productive the firm's aggregate advertising spending is in both the short and long runs. Following this, it analyzes methods for ... More


Britain's Twentieth-Century Productivity Performance in International Perspective

Stephen Broadberry and Mary O'Mahony

in Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199212668
eISBN:
9780191712807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212668.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter provides an overview of Britain's labour productivity performance during the 20th century, incorporating the catching-up and convergence perspective. It is shown that physical capital ... More


The NATREX model of the equilibrium real exchange rate

Jerome L. Stein

in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280575
eISBN:
9780191603501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280576.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The NATREX is a model of the equilibrium real exchange rate, which is where the real exchange rate is heading. The NATREX model has two components: the long-run equilibrium real exchange rate and the ... More


Why Philanthropy Matters: How the Wealthy Give, and What It Means for Our Economic Well-Being

Zoltan J. Acs

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148625
eISBN:
9781400846818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148625.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book takes an in-depth look at philanthropy as an underappreciated force in capitalism, measures its critical influence on the free-market system, and demonstrates how American philanthropy ... More


Co‐evolution of Technologies and Institutions in Market Economies *

Richard R. Nelson

in The Institutions of the Market: Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231423
eISBN:
9780191710865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231423.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter argues that economists are right in seeing ‘the right institutions’ as the key to economic productivity and progressiveness. But for the argument to be delved deeper, it needs to be ... More


Skills

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Educational attainment is a good predictor of individuals' employment and earnings. In the standard view, this is because education is a useful measure of skills, which in turn are a key determinant ... More


Volatility and Growth

Philippe Aghion and Abhijit Banerjee

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199248612
eISBN:
9780191714719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248612.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

It has long been recognized that productivity growth and the business cycle are closely interrelated. Yet, until recently, the two phenomena have been investigated separately in the economics ... More


Human Capital and Productivity Performance: Britain, the United States and Germany, 1870–1990

Stephen Broadberry

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the relationship between human capital and productivity among three industrialized economies: Britain, Germany, and the United States. It first presents sectoral estimates of ... More


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