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THE MANAGEMENT OF UNCERTAINTY: ORGANIZATIONS AS DECISION-MAKING SYSTEMS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Depending on the degree of goal uncertainty and procedural uncertainty, organizational decision making may follow the bounded rationality model, process model, political model, or anarchic model. ... More


Modeling Perceptual Expertise

Thomas J. Palmeri and Garrison W. Cottrell

in Perceptual Expertise: Bridging Brain and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195309607
eISBN:
9780199865291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Formalizing a verbal theory in a model forces explicit consideration about all components of the theory, allowing those theories to be rigorously evaluated and potentially falsified. The challenge in ... More


Supporting Innovative Construction of Explanatory Scientific Models

Will Bridewell, Stuart R. Borrett, and Pat Langley

in Tools for Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381634
eISBN:
9780199870264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Scientific modeling is a creative activity that can benefit from computational support. This chapter reports five challenges that arise in developing such aids, as illustrated by PROMETHEUS, a ... More


Introduction: Relating Disease to Exposure

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The goal of environmental health is the prevention of disease through identification and elimination of environmental hazards or the reduction of exposures. This chapter argues that although exposure ... More


Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Nelson Cowan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For decades, the fundamental processes underlying memory and attention have been understood within an “information processing” framework in which information passes from one processing stage to ... More


Attentional filtering and orienting

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Donald Broadbent's 1958 information processing model included an attention filter allowing only one channel of information to be processed, with the rest filtered out. In contrast to this “early ... More


Disease Process Models

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how we can use basic descriptive information about the time course of observed biological responses and reasonable estimates of the time profile of tissue concentrations to develop ... More


Cognition and Religious Systems

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Religious people and their religions are not always harmonized. Scholars have long noted two faces of religious practice, one corresponding to an “official” set of beliefs and ... More


Staff Training Needs Assessment

David Royse, Michele Staton‐Tindall, Karen Badger, and J. Matthew Webster

in Needs Assessment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368789
eISBN:
9780199863860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:royes/9780195368789.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses the application of the needs assessment process within an organizational context. Social workers frequently assume administrative responsibilities soon after obtaining their ... More


Models and mechanisms of visual masking: a selective review and comparison

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen

in Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents models and mechanisms of masking according to five distinguishing characteristics: (i) models based on spatiotemporal response sequences; (ii) models adopting some version of an ... More


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