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The EU's Decision Traps: Comparing Policies

Gerda Falkner (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199596225
eISBN:
9780191729140
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596225.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

Fritz W. Scharpf's renowned joint‐decision trap model has suggested that the requirements of (nearly) unanimous decisions in the EU's Council of Ministers, combined with conflicting preferences among ... More


Group-to-Individual Problem-Solving Transfer

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines group-to-individual problem-solving transfer, the effect of experience in cooperative group problem solving on subsequent individual problem solving by the group members. Both ... More


Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of ... More


Social Choice Theory

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses social choice theory, an axiomatic and deductive approach to societal problem solving by existing or possible voting procedures. Social choice theory in economics and political ... More


The Unbounded Mind: Breaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking

Ian I. Mitroff and Harold A. Linstone

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102888
eISBN:
9780199854943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102888.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Global markets, Japanese competition, the service economy, the sophisticated consumer — American business today faces challenges undreamed of just a few decades ago, and traditional approaches to ... More


Introduction

Chris Argyris

in Organizational Traps: Leadership, Culture, Organizational Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199586165
eISBN:
9780191702426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586165.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Strategy

This introductory chapter begins with brief a discussion of how we are trapped by behaviour patterns that exist at all levels of organizations. Traps are created when the problems to be solved are ... More


Introduction

Fritz Scharpf

in Governing in Europe: Effective and Democratic?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295457
eISBN:
9780191685118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295457.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

In Western Europe, the collapse of communism was taken to confirm two fundamental convictions. First, political systems which, lacking legitimacy, must rely mainly on fear to compel compliance are ... More


Henry James: History, Narrative, Fiction

Roslyn Jolly

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198119852
eISBN:
9780191671227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198119852.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This is a study of Henry James's changing attitudes to history as a narrative model, tracing the development from his early interest in ‘scientific’ historiography to the radically anti-historical ... More


Problem Solving

Christopher K. Ansell

in Pragmatist Democracy: Evolutionary Learning as Public Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199772438
eISBN:
9780199918997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772438.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a model of strategic problem-solving in public agencies, generalizing from work on policing, regulation, and organizational problem-solving. Pragmatism adopts an ecological ... More


Music and the Brain: An Evolutionary Context

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines how music fits into the evolution of human cognitive capabilities and how the auditory system, larynx, motor systems, and cephalic expansion underlie musical expression as well ... More


Musical Expectations, Probability, and Aesthetics

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the human problem of grappling with the unexpected while sustaining the familiar, a core feature that underlies human experience and inquiry in general, but which is also ... More


Basic Concepts in Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of group problem solving. Group problem solving involves complementary, divisible, optimizing, intellective tasks for which a demonstrably correct ... More


Memory and Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores research on group memory, which is important in itself and is also frequently a necessary preliminary process for further group problem solving. Research on group recognition ... More


Governing Knowledge Creation: A Problem‐Finding and Problem‐Solving Perspective

Bruce Heiman, Jackson Nickerson, and Todd Zenger

in Knowledge Governance: Processes and Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235926
eISBN:
9780191717093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235926.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter reviews an emergent approach to governing knowledge formation that is focused around organizing to discover valuable problems and efficiently searching for solutions. This review builds ... More


From Analytic Geometry to the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall

in Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149059
eISBN:
9781400850525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149059.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter follows up on the mathematical advances made during the sixteenth century, especially in the work of François Viète as he aspired to transform his algebra to realize his aim to “solve ... More


Tool Use and Causal Cognition

Teresa McCormack, Christoph Hoerl, and Stephen Butterfill (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199571154
eISBN:
9780191731259
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571154.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

What cognitive abilities underpin the use of tools, and how are tools and their properties represented or understood by tool-users? Does the study of tool use provide us with a unique or distinctive ... More


National Systems' Adaptation to the EU System: Trends, Offers, and Constraints

Andreas Maurer, Jürgen Mittag, and Wolfgang Wessels

in Linking EU and National Governance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252268
eISBN:
9780191601040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252262.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Chapter 4 considers the European Union as a system of multi-level governance and a central arena for transnational co-operation and supranational problem solving, where institutions at different ... More


Applying IT to Capture, Store, and Share Intellectual Capital

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter describes a range of information technology (IT) applications that can be used to enhance knowledge capture, storage, and knowledge sharing. Although definitely a solution that must be ... More


The Case-Control Method: Design and Applications

Haroutune Armenian (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187113
eISBN:
9780199864898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187113.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The case-control method, and to a lesser extent its case-based variants, have become a most important tool in the armamentarium of today's investigator of health problems. This book addresses a ... More


Avoiding the Winner's Curse

G. Anandalingam and Henry C. Lucas

in Beware the Winner's Curse: Victories that Can Sink You and Your Company

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177404
eISBN:
9780199789559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177404.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

In many cases, company executives have turned away from continuing on a path to actually winning a venture that they started pursuing. This chapter examines the reason why these managers were willing ... More


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