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Problem Solving

Christopher K. Ansell

in Pragmatist Democracy: Evolutionary Learning as Public Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199772438
eISBN:
9780199918997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772438.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a model of strategic problem-solving in public agencies, generalizing from work on policing, regulation, and organizational problem-solving. Pragmatism adopts an ecological ... More


Governing Knowledge Creation: A Problem‐Finding and Problem‐Solving Perspective

Bruce Heiman, Jackson Nickerson, and Todd Zenger

in Knowledge Governance: Processes and Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235926
eISBN:
9780191717093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235926.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter reviews an emergent approach to governing knowledge formation that is focused around organizing to discover valuable problems and efficiently searching for solutions. This review builds ... More


Group-to-Individual Problem-Solving Transfer

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines group-to-individual problem-solving transfer, the effect of experience in cooperative group problem solving on subsequent individual problem solving by the group members. Both ... More


Deaf Learners and Mathematical Problem Solving

Ronald R. Kelly

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses deaf students' mathematical problem-solving abilities. It is shown that in the US, deaf students in K-12 programs and at entry to college exhibit a level of knowledge and ... More


The EU's Decision Traps: Comparing Policies

Gerda Falkner (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199596225
eISBN:
9780191729140
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596225.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

Fritz W. Scharpf's renowned joint‐decision trap model has suggested that the requirements of (nearly) unanimous decisions in the EU's Council of Ministers, combined with conflicting preferences among ... More


The Unbounded Mind: Breaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking

Ian I. Mitroff and Harold A. Linstone

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102888
eISBN:
9780199854943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102888.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Global markets, Japanese competition, the service economy, the sophisticated consumer — American business today faces challenges undreamed of just a few decades ago, and traditional approaches to ... More


Problem-Solving Democracy

Christopher K. Ansell

in Pragmatist Democracy: Evolutionary Learning as Public Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199772438
eISBN:
9780199918997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772438.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This concluding chapter summarizes the central theme of the book—evolutionary learning as public philosophy. This chapter then draws together the ideas about how Pragmatism might re-imagine the role ... More


Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of ... More


Basic Concepts in Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of group problem solving. Group problem solving involves complementary, divisible, optimizing, intellective tasks for which a demonstrably correct ... More


Memory and Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores research on group memory, which is important in itself and is also frequently a necessary preliminary process for further group problem solving. Research on group recognition ... More


Perilous Times

Robert Wuthnow

in Be Very Afraid: The Cultural Response to Terror, Pandemics, Environmental Devastation, Nuclear Annihilation, and Other Threats

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730872
eISBN:
9780199777389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730872.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that peril has become manageable only to the extent that large-scale organizations are considered capable of managing it. Individuals may imagine that their chances of survival ... More


“Sticky Information” and the Locus of Problem Solving: Implications for Innovation *

Eric Von Hippel

in The Dynamic Firm: The Role of Technology, Strategy, Organization, and Regions

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296041
eISBN:
9780191596070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296045.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The problem of ‘sticky’ information in the context of firms—the fact that information needed for technical problem solving tends to be costly to acquire, transfer, and put to use in a new location—is ... More


Applying IT to Capture, Store, and Share Intellectual Capital

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter describes a range of information technology (IT) applications that can be used to enhance knowledge capture, storage, and knowledge sharing. Although definitely a solution that must be ... More


From Analytic Geometry to the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall

in Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149059
eISBN:
9781400850525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149059.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter follows up on the mathematical advances made during the sixteenth century, especially in the work of François Viète as he aspired to transform his algebra to realize his aim to “solve ... More


Reengineering the Police

Wesley G. Skogan

in Police and Community in Chicago: A Tale of Three Cities

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195154580
eISBN:
9780199944033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154580.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Chicago's community-policing initiative was formally inaugurated in April 1993. Dubbed CAPS (Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy), the program was developed, tested, and refined over a ... More


The Interaction of Implicit versus Explicit Processing and Problem Difficulty in a Scientific Discovery Task

Corinne Zimmerman and Jean E. Pretz

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The present study examined implicit and explicit approaches to problem solving with a simulated scientific discovery task that involved induction of a rule involving the balance of forces. Strategy ... More


Temporal Dynamics in Reasoning

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses a number of potentially dynamical findings in high-level cognition. It is noted that some of the tension between symbolic approaches and dynamic approaches might be ... More


Dealing with Problem Places

Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd

in Policing Problem Places: Crime Hot Spots and Effective Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195341966
eISBN:
9780199866847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341966.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Criminal opportunities attract offenders to crime hot spot locations. The underlying conditions, situations, and dynamics generate an opportunity structure at specific places that produces and ... More


Tackling Neighborhood Problems

Wesley G. Skogan

in Police and Community in Chicago: A Tale of Three Cities

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195154580
eISBN:
9780199944033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154580.003.0037
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In the CAPS (Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy) model of community policing, police are to move beyond driving to the scene quickly in response to individual 911 calls, and instead, have to adopt ... More


Europe: On the Search for its Legitimacy

Erik O. Eriksen

in The Unfinished Democratization of Europe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572519
eISBN:
9780191722400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572519.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

This chapter addresses the legitimacy problems of the Union and how they can be alleviated. The EU, as every system of domination, is in need of justification, but this may take different forms and ... More


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