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Bayes's Theorem

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Bayes' theorem is a tool for assessing how probable evidence makes some hypothesis. The papers in this book consider the worth and applicability of the theorem. The book sets out the philosophical ... More


Propensities May Satisfy Bayes’s Theorem

David Miller

in Bayes's Theorem

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the question of whether the propensity interpretation of probability is a genuine interpretation of the calculus of probability. One of the main points of interest can be found ... More


Introduction

Claus Beisbart and Stephan Hartmann

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter states the aims of this volume and provides an introduction to the material to follow. In the first section, various interpretations of probabilities are surveyed and discussed with an ... More


The Logic of Scientific Discovery

Colin Howson

in Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Applies the results of Ch. 7 to scientific methodology and shows that they give a logical interpretation of the subjective Bayesian theory of inductive inference. This theory is therefore no more ... More


Inductive Arguments

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Inductive arguments are arguments from premises which add to the probability of conclusion and may render it probable overall (that is, more probable than not). This book considers how far arguments ... More


The Balance of Probability

Richard Swinburne

in The Resurrection of God Incarnate

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257461
eISBN:
9780191598616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257469.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Summarizes the argument of the book. Given only a moderate amount of evidence from natural theology in favour of the existence of God and his having reason to become incarnate among humans, there is ... More


Two aspects of reasoning competence: A challenge for current accounts and a call for new conceptual tools

Guy Politzer and Jean-François Bonnefon

in Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233298
eISBN:
9780191696602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233298.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The initial enquiry into human formal deductive abilities has been more or less fulfilled, yielding a moderately positive answer (people do have some degree of formal competence), together with two ... More


PHILOSOPHICAL BACKGROUND

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The core of statistics is concerned with the solution of special types of problems of induction following special modes of reasoning. In the inductive process, some at least of the premises are ... More


Decision Theory and Epistemology

Mark Kaplan

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ”Decision Theory and Epistemology,” Mark Kaplan finds it characteristic of orthodox Bayesians to hold that (I) for each person and each hypothesis she comprehends, there is a precise degree of ... More


Inductive Arguments

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239635
eISBN:
9780191598609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239637.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Inductive arguments are arguments from premises that add to the probability of conclusion and may render it probable overall (i.e., more probable than not). I consider in this book, how far arguments ... More


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