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Bayes's Theorem

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Bayes' theorem is a tool for assessing how probable evidence makes some hypothesis. The papers in this book consider the worth and applicability of the theorem. The book sets out the philosophical ... More


Is There a God?

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a short and non-technical presentation of the cumulative argument for the existence of God. An explanatory hypothesis is probable insofar as it leads us to expect many otherwise ... More


The Existence of God

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book assesses the worth of arguments for and against the existence of God. Evidence confirms (makes more probable) an explanatory hypothesis in so far as (1) given the hypothesis the evidence is ... More


In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Jon Williamson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Bayesian epistemology aims to answer the following question: How strongly should an agent believe the various propositions expressible in her language? Subjective Bayesians hold that.it is largely ... More


By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Paul Bartha

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book proposes a theory of analogical arguments, with special focus on analogies in mathematics and science. The core principle of the theory is that a good analogical argument must articulate a ... More


New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

Wilfrid S. Kendall and Ilya Molchanov (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232574
eISBN:
9780191716393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

Stochastic geometry is a subject with roots stretching back at least 300 years, but one which has only been formed as an academic area in the last 50 years. It covers the study of random patterns, ... More


Scepticism and Reliable Belief

José L. Zalabardo

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656073
eISBN:
9780191742132
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Reliabilist accounts of knowledge are widely seen as having the resources for blocking sceptical arguments, since these arguments appear to rely on assumptions about the nature of knowledge that are ... More


Keynes's Vision: A New Political Economy

Athol Fitzgibbons

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283201
eISBN:
9780191596254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283202.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This is an overview of the writings of John Maynard Keynes. It shows that a logically coherent structure of ideas, based on a single vision, permeated all aspects of Keynes's thought. This vision ... More


Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

W. Kip Viscusi

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Ideally, individual risk‐taking decisions and government risk policies should be based on a rational balancing of risk and cost. Unfortunately, private decisions are subject to a number of biases ... More


Introduction

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Keynes's Vision: A New Political Economy

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283201
eISBN:
9780191596254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283202.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The Introduction provides an overview of J. M. Keynes's system, incorporating his moral and political philosophies, his philosophy of probability, and his economic theories and objectives.


Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

John P. Burkett

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book presents microeconomics as an evolving science, interacting with mathematics, psychology, and other disciplines and offering solutions to a growing range of practical problems. It gives ... More


Introduction: Three Worlds

Gary E. Bowman

in Essential Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter outlines the differences between classical physics and quantum physics by positing three imaginary worlds. World 1 is governed by the laws of classical Newtonian mechanics, ... More


Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


 Keeping Up to Date

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter is about Bayesian decision theory. It explains why game theorists model players' beliefs using subjective probability distributions, and how these beliefs are updated using Bayes' rule ... More


Realistic Decision Theory: Rules for Nonideal Agents in Nonideal Circumstances

Paul Weirich

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780195171259
eISBN:
9780199834976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517125X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Decision theory aims at a general account of rationality covering humans but to begin makes idealizations about decision problems and agents' resources and circumstances. It treats inerrant agents ... More


What is a random process

Melvin Lax, Wei Cai, and Min Xu

in Random Processes in Physics and Finance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567769
eISBN:
9780191718359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567769.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A random or stochastic process is a random variable that evolves in time by some random mechanism (of course, the time variable can be replaced by a space variable, or some other variable, in ... More


Science & Reason

Henry E. Kyburg

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062533
eISBN:
9780199853038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book presents views on a wide range of philosophical problems associated with the study and practice of science and mathematics. The main structure of the book consists of a presentation of ... More


Tracking Truth: Knowledge, Evidence, and Science

Sherrilyn Roush

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274734
eISBN:
9780191603228
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274738.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book develops and defends a new externalist, reliabilist theory of knowledge and evidence, and develops a new view about scientific realism. Knowledge is viewed as a tracking theory that has a ... More


Principles of Probability

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the rules of probability as well as probability distributions. Because models are inherently, deliberately approximate, there comes a need to understand the approximation ... More


Global and National Macroeconometric Modelling: A Long-Run Structural Approach

Anthony Garratt, Kevin Lee, M. Hashem Pesaran, and Yongcheol Shin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199296859
eISBN:
9780191603853
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199296855.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book provides a comprehensive description of the state-of-the-art in macroeconometric modelling and describes the ‘long-run structural modelling approach’ applied to the modelling of national ... More


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