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Socialism and the Environment

Avner de‐Shalit

in The Environment Between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240388
eISBN:
9780191599033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240388.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Many theorists are happy with democracy as a means to protect the environment; however, there is empirical evidence that democracy is not enough to guarantee environment friendly policies. This ... More


The Rise of the Private Sector

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The rise of the private sector is the most important tendency in the economic sphere during the process of reform of classical socialism. This is also matched by a no less strong tendency to obstruct ... More


Property

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The first part of the chapter explains the general concepts involved in ownership. It then considers some of the characteristic forms of private property (private ownership) typical of contemporary ... More


 Back to Private Power

Louis T. Wells

in Making Foreign Investment Safe: Property Rights and National Sovereignty

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310627
eISBN:
9780199783847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310627.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

From the mid-1980s, private ownership and foreign investment began to be touted as solutions to many problems of the Third World. Starved of capital for projects they wanted, many officials in ... More


Good-bye to the Public-Private Divide

Eric T. Freyfogle

in Agrarianism and the Good Society: Land, Culture, Conflict, and Hope

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124391
eISBN:
9780813134888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124391.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses the issue of land ownership, with particular attention to the distinction between private and public lands. One major difference between private and public land ownership ... More


Market Socialism

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of market socialism in the state sector. The practical changes involved in this constitute one of the major tendencies in the move away from classical socialism. ... More


The Ownership Structure of the American Information Sector

Eli M. Noam

in Media Ownership and Concentration in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195188523
eISBN:
9780199852574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188523.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the composition and structure of ownership in the American information sector. There are several forms of non-commercial ownership in the United States. They include direct ... More


Hugo Grotius Revisited: Collective Ownership of the Earth and Global Public Reason

Mathias Risse

in On Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142692
eISBN:
9781400845507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142692.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines collective ownership of the earth as a ground of justice by focusing on Hugo Grotius's De Jure Belli ac Pacis Libri Tres (DJB, Three Books on the Law of War and Peace, 1625), ... More


Hegel’s Discussion of Property

Jeremy Waldron

in The Right to Private Property

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239376
eISBN:
9780191679902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239376.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Hegel's account of property in the Philosophy of Right provides the best example of a sustained argument in favour of private ownership which is GR-based, in the sense given to that term. This ... More


Legal Models of Petroleum and Natural Gas Ownership in Brazilian Law

Yanko Marcius de Alencar Xavier

in Property and the Law in Energy and Natural Resources

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579853
eISBN:
9780191722745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579853.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The exploration and production of oil and gas in Brazil have been government monopolies for a considerable time. Under this model, these mineral resources belong to the government, and are to be used ... More


Why Market Socialism?

N. Scott Arnold

in The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism: A Critical Study

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195088274
eISBN:
9780199853014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195088274.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The dispute between capitalism and socialism is highlighted by the events in the late 1980s and beyond, which witnessed the repudiation of central planning. Though the reason for the repudiation ... More


Why Did It Happen? And Why Social Security Accounts Didn't

Edward A. Zelinsky

in The Origins of the Ownership Society: How the Defined Contribution Paradigm Changed America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339352
eISBN:
9780199855407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339352.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

The causes of the defined contribution paradigm are varied: demographic, statutory, political, economic, cultural. Exploring those causes suggests that the defined contribution paradigm, though not ... More


Privatization of Industry in the 1980s

James Foreman-Peck and Robert Millward

in Public and Private Ownership of British Industry 1820–1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203599
eISBN:
9780191675881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203599.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Policy towards industries based on technological networks veered in a new direction during the 1980s. Monolithic state industries were returned to private ownership, which they had left many decades ... More


Arguing for Human Rights: Essential Pharmaceuticals

Mathias Risse

in On Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142692
eISBN:
9781400845507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142692.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines whether there is a human right to essential pharmaceuticals. It first considers the notion of an Intellectual Common by engaging with Hugo Grotius, and particularly whether his ... More


Objective Theories

L. W. Sumner

in Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238782
eISBN:
9780191679773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238782.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

By their very nature, objective theories of welfare share a common problem: without recourse to the subjective point of view they must somehow account for the perspectival character of prudential ... More


The Romantic Theory of Ownership

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the characteristic concerns and claims of the so-called “Romantic” theorists of work and ownership, arguing that what they have in common is best highlighted by a contrast with ... More


Case Study. The Dramatic Rise of Individual Farming in Albania: Causes and Effects

Azeta Cungu and Johan F. M. Swinnen

in Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242177
eISBN:
9780191697036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since agriculture accounts for a significant portion in Albania's total GDP and because of its large farming population, agrarian reform has played no small part in the economic reforms imposed ... More


Back toward Community

Eric T. Freyfogle

in Agrarianism and the Good Society: Land, Culture, Conflict, and Hope

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124391
eISBN:
9780813134888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124391.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the fields of ecology and ethics as they relate to private ownership. These related fields share an inner tension between greater abstraction and individualism and greater ... More


Rural low-cost home ownership

Madhu Satsangi, Nick Gallent, and Mark Bevan

in The rural housing question: Community and planning in Britain's countrysides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423856
eISBN:
9781447303985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423856.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

While no country in Britain is yet entirely a ‘nation of homeowners’, each has seen a movement in this direction for several decades. Among the countries in Europe, Britain has one of the highest ... More


Public and Private Ownership of British Industry 1820–1990

James Foreman-Peck and Robert Millward

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203599
eISBN:
9780191675881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203599.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Britain led the way for much of the world with industrial privatisation during the 1980s. Yet the historical origins of the process that was being reversed have rarely been examined. This is a study ... More


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