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The Role of Policy Change

Chris Bramall

in The Industrialization of Rural China

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199275939
eISBN:
9780191706073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275939.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The constellation of post-1978 economic policy changes could, in principle, explain the accelerating pace of rural industrial growth, and this explanation features prominently in literature. The ... More


The Government‐Firm Relationship in Postwar Japanese Economic Recovery: Resolving the Coordination Failure by Coordination in Industrial Rationalization

Tetsuji Okazaki

in The Role of Government in East Asian Economic Development: Comparative Institutional Analysis

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198294917
eISBN:
9780191715501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294917.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes the workings of a government-sponsored Council for Industrial Rationalization for resolving particular investment coordination problems facing Japan in the postwar economic ... More


Informal Finance in China: American and Chinese Perspectives

Jianjun Li and Sara Hsu (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380644
eISBN:
9780199869329
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380644.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, South and East Asia

Informal finance consists of non-bank financing activities, whether conducted through family and friends, local money houses, or other types of financial associations. Informal finance has provided ... More


Corporate Governance Practices of Major Types of Chinese Enterprises and Institutional Constraints on Corporate Governance Improvements during Transition

Leng Jing

in Corporate Governance and Financial Reform in China's Transition Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099319
eISBN:
9789882206786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099319.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

In this chapter, the design and the implementation of corporate governance mechanisms in the four types of Chinese enterprises—state-owned enterprises (SOEs), listed companies, village enterprises ... More


East Asia

Sanjaya Lall

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This case study looks at the consequences of technological change and globalization for the organization of economic activity in East Asia, focusing on Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan. ... More


 The Case for Foreign Direct Investment and Multinational Corporations

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Only the most rabid opponents deny the potential for MNCs and FDI to provide significant benefits for large numbers of people and countries. This chapter is the equivalent of a law brief, one-sidedly ... More


Institutional Environment, Community Government, and Corporate Governance: Understanding China’s Township-Village Enterprises

Yingyi Qian

in How Reform Worked in China: The Transition from Plan to Market

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262534246
eISBN:
9780262342728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534246.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

We study China’s township-village enterprises (TVEs) from an organizational perspective with a focus on governance. Unlike most previous studies, we interpret the firm boundaries of TVEs at the ... More


The Imperial Press System and the First World War

Simon J. Potter

in News and the British World: The Emergence of an Imperial Press System 1876-1922

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199265121
eISBN:
9780191718427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265121.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the effect of the conflict brought by the First World War on the imperial press system. It also explains that the imperial system survived the First World War and was ... More


Political and Economic Planning: The PEP Group

Daniel Ritschel

in The Politics of Planning: The Debate on Economic Planning in Britain in the 1930s

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206477
eISBN:
9780191677151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206477.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This chapter discusses Political and Economic Planning, which was the first and best known of the capitalist planning groups. It explains that PEP set itself the goal of drafting an explicitly ... More


Companies and the Structure of Convention Protection

Marius Emberland

in The Human Rights of Companies: Exploring the Structure of ECHR Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199289837
eISBN:
9780191700545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289837.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter explores whether corporate human rights protection is in agreement with the basic structures of European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) protection. It suggests a foundation upon which ... More


The Local Government–Led Path to Rural Decay

Lynette H. Ong

in Prosper or Perish: Credit and Fiscal Systems in Rural China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450624
eISBN:
9780801465956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450624.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines six cases of failed local government-led industrialization in China. It first provides an overview of the socioeconomic characteristics of the six townships—Xiao, Cheng, Zhou, ... More


Private Experience

Amelia Rosenberg Weinreb

in Cuba in the Shadow of Change: Daily Life in the Twilight of the Revolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033693
eISBN:
9780813039695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033693.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter expands the previous chapter's argument to include ethnographic cases of private enterprise and private forms of communication and protest. It notes that the Catholic press provides an ... More


Private Enterprise, Public Good?: Communications Deregulation as a National Political Issue, 1839–1851

Richard R. John

in Beyond the Founders: New Approaches to the Political History of the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807828892
eISBN:
9781469605241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898833_pasley.16
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter explores the movement that flourished between 1839 and 1851 that limited the involvement of the federal government on the postal system and the telegraph network, which at the time ... More


Wiring the New West: The Strange Career of Public Power

Donald J. Pisani

in Water and American Government: The Reclamation Bureau, National Water Policy, and the West, 1902-1935

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230309
eISBN:
9780520927582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230309.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter introduces the Boulder Dam, and aims to show the way it was able to blend both public and private enterprise. It emphasizes that the dam did not restrict the power of private utility ... More


Games, Conventions, and Public Goods

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Game theory analyses the best behaviour of individuals when this depends on the reaction of others. The prisoners’ dilemma is the best‐known theorem, and has been thought to be an important reason ... More


Corporate Governance Reform of China's Banking System

Leng Jing

in Corporate Governance and Financial Reform in China's Transition Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099319
eISBN:
9789882206786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099319.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The reform experienced by the “big four” (China's state-owned commercial banks) was aimed at addressing the problem of state ownership and its associated costs. China' SOE reform was fundamentally ... More


Conclusion

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

At all times the Treasury sought to maintain rules of public finance that would restrict the propensity of ministers to spend money, and focus their minds on the need to make choices. Keynesian ... More


Voluntary and community sector organisations as enterprising care providers: keeping organisational values distinctive

Irene Hardill and Susan Baines

in Enterprising care?: Unpaid voluntary action in the 21st century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427212
eISBN:
9781447302193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427212.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter focuses on VCSOs, which it is claimed are tending to become more like state agencies as a result of taking on the delivery of service under government contracts. It explains that VCSOs ... More


The future of private and state-owned enterprises in China

Weiying Zhang

in The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199678204
eISBN:
9780191788635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.003.0046
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the future of private and state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in China. It first explains how the reform of SOEs proceeded and outlines the emergence of the private sector. It then ... More


Self-Help and the Black Real Estate Industry

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the makeup of the black real estate industry and its political agenda, along with that of black federal housing officials, of private enterprise as the legitimate provider of ... More


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