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Outsourcing Executive Branch Functions and Its Ethical Consequences: Partial Outsourcing to Special Government Employees

RICHARD W. PAINTER

in Getting the Government America Deserves: How Ethics Reform Can Make a Difference

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378719
eISBN:
9780199869619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378719.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the ethical consequences of the outsourcing of government functions. It discusses partial outsourcing to special government employees. It identifies problems that may be more ... More


The Right to Be a Private Contractor

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on whether it is morally permissible for an individual to be a private contractor. Accordingly, it assesses—and largely rejects—three leading objections to private contractors. ... More


The Restrictions on Private Contractors

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter considers when there is a right to be a private contractor, that is, the restrictions that private contractors should meet. It does so by applying the Just War principles of jus ad ... More


The Challenge of PMSCs

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter considers the need for a detailed normative analysis of private military force, in light of the general acquiescence to the privatization of military force. In doing so, it suggests that ... More


The Role of the Home State in Ensuring Compliance with Human Rights by Private Military Contractors

Francesco Francioni

in War by Contract: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and Private Contractors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199604555
eISBN:
9780191725180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604555.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter argues that international human rights law offers a rational basis for the construction of a general due diligence obligation of home states of private military and security companies ... More


The Just War Tradition and the New Market for Private Force

Amy E. Eckert

in Outsourcing War: The Just War Tradition in the Age of Military Privatization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454202
eISBN:
9781501703577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454202.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Many of the military functions that were once performed exclusively by national militaries are now performed by private military contractors (PMCs) hired by the state. These PMCs, whether or not they ... More


The United States and the Turn to Outsourcing

Simon Chesterman

in One Nation Under Surveillance: A New Social Contract to Defend Freedom Without Sacrificing Liberty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199674954
eISBN:
9780191803703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199674954.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines America's response to the threat of terrorism following the 9/11 attacks, with particular reference to the ‘global war on terror’. It first discusses the impact of 9/11 on ... More


Outsourcing War: The Just War Tradition in the Age of Military Privatization

Amy E. Eckert

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454202
eISBN:
9781501703577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454202.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Recent decades have seen an increasing reliance on private military contractors (PMCs) to provide logistical services, training, maintenance, and combat troops. This book examines the ethical ... More


The Ethics of War, the Market for Private Force, and the Public/Private Divide

Amy E. Eckert

in Outsourcing War: The Just War Tradition in the Age of Military Privatization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454202
eISBN:
9781501703577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454202.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter presents answers to questions about how to apply the principles of just war theory to contemporary conflicts in which private military contractors (PMCs) figure significantly. It begins ... More


Cleaning Up: How Hospital Outsourcing Is Hurting Workers and Endangering Patients

Dan Zuberi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450723
eISBN:
9780801469824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450723.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

To cut costs and maximize profits, hospitals in the United States and many other countries are outsourcing such tasks as cleaning and food preparation to private contractors. To examine this ... More


Presidents, the Military-Industrial Complex, and the Ascendant Politics of “Free Enterprise”

Mark R. Wilson

in The President and American Capitalism Since 1945

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813056524
eISBN:
9780813053455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056524.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Since 1945, chapter 4 argues the American military has been privatized and de-militarized. The armed forces became less responsible for weapons production and global logistics. The Pentagon has ... More


Jus ad Bellum Principles and Privatized War

Amy E. Eckert

in Outsourcing War: The Just War Tradition in the Age of Military Privatization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454202
eISBN:
9781501703577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454202.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter considers how private military corporations might skew the application of jus ad bellum principles, particularly with respect to proportionality and reasonable chance of success. It uses ... More


Regulation of Business and the Flight from Accountability at Home and Abroad

Peter Margulies

in Law's Detour: Justice Displaced in the Bush Administration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814795590
eISBN:
9780814759608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814795590.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the Bush administration's legal detours in the regulation of business and how it evaded accountability both at home and abroad. It first considers the Bush administration's use ... More


Privatization and the Normative Challenge to Jus in Bello Rules

Amy E. Eckert

in Outsourcing War: The Just War Tradition in the Age of Military Privatization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454202
eISBN:
9781501703577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454202.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter begins by considering the relationship between jus ad bellum and jus in bello rules, which regulate different aspects of war, as well as the relationship between international law and ... More


7 Regulation of Business and the Flight from Accountability at Home and Abroad

Peter Margulies

in Law's Detour: Justice Displaced in the Bush Administration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814795590
eISBN:
9780814759608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814795590.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the Bush administration's legal detours in the regulation of business and how it evaded accountability both at home and abroad. It first considers the Bush administration's use ... More


The State System and the Evolution of the Just War Tradition

Amy E. Eckert

in Outsourcing War: The Just War Tradition in the Age of Military Privatization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454202
eISBN:
9781501703577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454202.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter discusses the just war tradition's development and the context of the evolution of the state system and the changing role of private force. To best track the effect of the state system's ... More


Introduction: Learning to Manage

Jessica M. Mulligan

in Unmanageable Care: An Ethnography of Health Care Privatization in Puerto Rico

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814724910
eISBN:
9780814764992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724910.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This introductory chapter explores the changes made to the national health care system of Puerto Rico as a result of the passing of the Medicare Modernization Act (MMA) in 2003—a legislation that ... More


Iraq: Evidence Doesn’t Matter

Tom Allen

in Dangerous Convictions: What's Really Wrong with the U.S. Congress

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199931989
eISBN:
9780190252687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199931989.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that the Bush administration policy on Iraq involved willful avoidance of evidence. Vice President Cheney pressured the CIA to find evidence that fit his established convictions. ... More


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