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Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Jan Abel Olsen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Principles in Health Economics and Policy, second edition, is a concise introduction to health economics and its application to health policy. It introduces the subject of economics, explains the ... More


Governance, commissioning and public health

Linda Marks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447304944
eISBN:
9781447311775
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447304944.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Drawing on in-depth case studies across England, this book argues that governance and population health are inextricably linked. Using original research, it shows how these links can be illustrated ... More


Allocating Resources: A Joint Scientific and Deliberative Approach

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Health and Social Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559978
eISBN:
9780191721489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559978.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter addresses the question of priority setting for competing needs when resources are scarce. It begins with the broader societal perspective, because fair decisions must balance spending on ... More


Applying evidence to inform public health practice and health policy decision-making

Richard F. Heller

in Evidence for Population Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529743
eISBN:
9780191723919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529743.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the tensions between the health evidence base and other factors in making prioritization decisions that will influence public health and its practice. It concludes with a ... More


Individual or population priorities for population health: involving the public

Richard F. Heller

in Evidence for Population Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529743
eISBN:
9780191723919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529743.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the differences between individual and population health priorities. It describes the Population Health Evidence Cycle (Ask the question, Collect the evidence, and Understand ... More


Setting priorities

Andrew Green

in An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198571346
eISBN:
9780191724138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571346.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the key questions of who should set priorities, and how. It also examines the complex issues of the underlying factors and attitudes towards priorities. It argues that ... More


Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Abroad

Peter J. Neumann

in Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Improve Health Care: Opportunities and barriers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171860
eISBN:
9780199865345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171860.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on how international experience in using cost-effectiveness information explicitly to inform formulary decisions provides a remarkable contrast to that of the U.S. For a number ... More


Principles for setting priorities for ethnic minority populations

Bhopal Raj S.

in Ethnicity, Race, and Health in Multicultural Societies: Foundations for better epidemiology, public health, and health care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568179
eISBN:
9780191724091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568179.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that similarities between human populations tend to outweigh differences; that the general priorities of health care systems are of great importance to minority ethnic groups. ... More


Ethical Issues in International Health Research and Epidemiology

John D. H. Porter, Carolyn Stephens, and Anthony Kessel

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the ethical issues that arise in the course of undertaking epidemiological and international health research, focusing on ethical issues that the researcher inevitably has to ... More


Atkinson’s Index Applied to Health: Can Measures of Economic Inequality Help Us Understand Tradeoffs in Health Care Priority Setting?

Ole F. Norheim

in Inequalities in Health: Concepts, Measures, and Ethics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199931392
eISBN:
9780199345731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931392.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some authors have suggested that inequality in health at population level could be explored by using inequality measures derived from measurement of income inequality. Would it make sense to ... More


Priority setting in health systems

David J. Hunter

in The health debate: Policy & Politics in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349293
eISBN:
9781447303855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349293.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines rationing and priority setting in the health care sector. It investigates why rationing is no longer much discussed in contemporary health policy debates, while it was on every ... More


Beyond cost-effectiveness: priority setting

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The final chapter of this book, Chapter 20, goes beyond the two sets of variables that are considered within an economic evaluation: costs and outcomes. The issue here is how equity and fairness can ... More


Introduction

Anthony M. Bertelli and Peter John

in Public Policy Investment: Priority-Setting and Conditional Representation In British Statecraft

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199663972
eISBN:
9780191755996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663972.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The introductory chapter sets out a sketch of the theory of public policy investment that we develop in this book. Policy portfolios capture the policy domains and levels of attention that parties in ... More


Policy making through a rhetorical lens: ‘It’s all just rhetoric’

Jill Russell and Trisha Greenhalgh

in Evidence, policy and practice: Critical perspectives in health and social care

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423191
eISBN:
9781447302254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423191.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Rhetoric, the craft of persuasion, has received a poor press in modern times. Both in everyday language and in much academic debate rhetoric is seen as something dishonest and undesirable, as ... More


The Structure, Financing, and Processes of Federally Mandated Comparative Effectiveness Research and Why They Matter

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Throughout the legislative odyssey of federal policy on comparative effectiveness research from 2002 to 2008, the specifics of the policy took many different forms. While opponents to ... More


Prioritising public health investment

Linda Marks

in Governance, commissioning and public health

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447304944
eISBN:
9781447311775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447304944.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Concern over the scale of preventable morbidity is compounded by its differential distribution across the population. Economic arguments for prevention have become more prominent and this chapter ... More


Conclusion: future directions of the theory and practice of public policy analysis in Japan

Yukio Adachi

in Policy analysis in Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781847429841
eISBN:
9781447311515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429841.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The primary purpose of this final chapter is to enumerate and unravel the challenges of public policy analysis as an intellectual and practical activity in Japan. This is achieved by drawing on the ... More


Primary Topic Article: Accountability for Reasonable Priority Setting

Norman Daniels and James Sabin

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0076
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ethical disagreements about priorities raise questions about the legitimacy and fairness of the decisions that are made. Economic tools such as comparative effectiveness research and cost ... More


Commentary: Justice, Fairness, and Deliberative Democracy in Health Care 4

Akira Inoue

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0079
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

First, the author argues that Daniels and Sabin’s way of setting priorities in healthcare is implausible. Daniels and Sanin think there is a lack of consensus on comprehensive principle(s) of justice ... More


Universal Health Coverage: Ensuring Healthy Lives and Promoting Well-Being for All at All Ages

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the seminal topic of Universal Health Coverage (UHC), an objective within the Sustainable Development goals. It reviews the theory and definitions that shape the current ... More


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