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Priors and Learning in Cue Integration

Anna Seydell, David C. Knill, and Julia Trommershäuser

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the role of prior knowledge for the integration of sensory information and discusses how priors can be modified by experience. It shows that prior knowledge affects perception at ... More


Multisensory Perception: From Integration to Remapping

Marc O. Ernst and Massimiliano Di Luca

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The brain receives information about the environment from all the sensory modalities, including vision, touch, and audition. To interact efficiently with the environment, this information must ... More


Mixing the Old with the New and the New with the Old: Combining Prior and Current Knowledge in Conceptual Change

Denis Mareschal and Gert Westermann

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines two approaches to resolving the question of how prior knowledge and current knowledge interact in category learning. The first relies on mathematical models of statistical ... More


Perish the Forethought: Premeditation Engenders Misperceptions of Personal Control

Carey K. Morewedge, Kurt Gray, and Daniel M. Wegner

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

People are normally encouraged to engage in premeditation—to think about the potential consequences of their behavior before acting. Indeed, planning, considering, and studying can be important ... More


The Promise and Challenges of Introducing Tree Thinking into Evolution Education

Kefyn M. Catley, Laura R. Novick, and Daniel J. Funk

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Engaging in tree thinking (using phylogenetic diagrams to interpret and infer historical processes) is a prerequisite for understanding macroevolution. Tree thinking has become increasingly important ... More


Meno’s Paradox and the Prior Knowledge Requirement

David Bronstein

in Aristotle on Knowledge and Learning: The Posterior Analytics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198724902
eISBN:
9780191792427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724902.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines Plato’s presentation of Meno’s Paradox in the Meno and Aristotle’s reference to it in Posterior Analytics 1.1. It also discusses a crucial claim closely connected to the puzzle: ... More


Thinking Ecologically

G. Kelly James

in Becoming Ecological: An Expedition Into Community Psychology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195173796
eISBN:
9780199847631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173796.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Community psychology can potentially illustrate the dynamic interplay between the qualities of people and the attributes of smaller social settings and larger social environments. This requires ... More


Towards a reconciliation of mental model theory and probabilistic theories of conditionals

Sonja M. Geiger and Klaus Oberauer

in Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233298
eISBN:
9780191696602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233298.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes a reconciliation of logical and probabilistic processes using theories with a longer psychological pedigree. In a detailed review of the recent empirical literature on ... More


Bayesian Brain: Probabilistic Approaches to Neural Coding

Kenji Doya, Shin Ishii, Alexandre Pouget, and Rajesh P.N. Rao (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042383
eISBN:
9780262294188
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042383.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

A Bayesian approach can contribute to an understanding of the brain on multiple levels, by giving normative predictions about how an ideal sensory system should combine prior knowledge and ... More


Learning from Assessment Events: The Role of Goal Knowledge

D. Royce Sadler

in Advances and Innovations in University Assessment and Feedback

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748694549
eISBN:
9781474400787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694549.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Royce Sadler takes a fresh look at an enduring assessment issue – why is it that students often fail to undertake an assessment task in the way that it has been specified? Sadler suggests that ... More


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