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Bioethics: A systematic approach

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

BIOETHICS: A Systematic Approach is an extensive revision of Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals. The subtitle has changed in order to emphasize that what distinguishes the authors’ ... More


Conclusion

John H. Evans

in The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860852
eISBN:
9780199932474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter summarizes the response to the crisis by mainstream bioethicists, and then summarize my argument for the proper response to the crisis. In general, the bioethics profession needs to pay ... More


 Distinguishing Features of Women's Health Care

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Sex and gender differences in women’s health care are delineated. Models of the physician-patient relationship and casuistic and principlist methods of moral reasoning are critiqued on grounds of ... More


A Modified Method for the Bioethics Profession

John H. Evans

in The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860852
eISBN:
9780199932474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter advocates for the creation of a modified method for the bioethics profession that will allow it to better defend its jurisdictions. The new method is a modified version of common ... More


Particularism and Antitheory

Mark Lance and Margaret Little

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter sets out to distinguish the sorts of claims have been advanced under the rubric of “moral particularism,” and to sort through the insights and costs of each. In particular, it ... More


Thinking Socially and Culturally in Bioethics

Renée C. Fox and Judith P. Swazey

in Observing Bioethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195365559
eISBN:
9780199851881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365559.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Integrating social and cultural insights into the analysis, interpretation, development, and methodology related to bioethics has been a difficult endeavor. The issues that surround this difficulty ... More


The ethics of communication in cancer and palliative care

Laura A Siminoff

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

There are two approaches to cancer communication and ethics. First, ethics in cancer communication can refer to the ethical implications of cancer communication. Second, it can refer to the ethics of ... More


Toward a Pluralism of Prosocial Motives—and a More Humane Society

C. Daniel Batson

in Altruism in Humans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341065
eISBN:
9780199894222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341065.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Evidence for empathy-induced altruism poses a challenge to the value assumption of the theory of rational choice. This chapter considers broader theoretical and practical implications of moving ... More


Addressing the Altruism Question Experimentally

C. Daniel Batson

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Everything we do, no matter how noble and seemingly self-sacrificial, is really directed toward the ultimate goal of self-benefit. Comte considered altruism and egoism to be two distinct motives ... More


Methods in Bioethics: The Way We Reason Now

John Arras

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190665982
eISBN:
9780190666019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665982.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book provides an overview and critical discussion of the main philosophical methods that have dominated the field of bioethics. The first three chapters outline some influential theories that ... More


After Medicine: The Cosmetic Pull of Neuroscience

Luis E. Echarte

in To Fix or to Heal: Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479878246
eISBN:
9781479884155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878246.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Many laypersons already believe that neuroscience can now answer fundamental and age-old questions about our aesthetic, moral, religious, and other human experiences. But such reductionist claims are ... More


Bioethics and Medicalization

John H. Evans

in To Fix or to Heal: Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479878246
eISBN:
9781479884155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878246.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Despite critique, medicalization continues unabated. One part of the explanation is that while many resources have been spent on developing the field of public bioethics as a “watchdog” of medicine ... More


The Dominion of Medicine: Bioethics, the Human Sciences, and the Humanities

Jeffrey P. Bishop

in To Fix or to Heal: Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479878246
eISBN:
9781479884155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878246.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Bishop locates the early origins of bioethics in theological critiques of reductionist medicine in the works of Joseph Fletcher, Paul Ramsey, and Richard McCormick. He argues that these critiques ... More


Conclusion Limits in the Interest of Healing

Joseph E. Davis

in To Fix or to Heal: Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479878246
eISBN:
9781479884155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878246.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

In the Conclusion, Davis summarizes the essays’ explorations of problematic reductionism. He then suggests practices that could have some countervailing holistic force in the three spheres of ... More


After the Fall

C. Daniel Batson

in A Scientific Search for Altruism: Do We Only Care About Ourselves?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190651374
eISBN:
9780190651404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190651374.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Like Milton’s couple at the end of Paradise Lost, we find ourselves banished from the Eden of Egoism and needing to reassess what it means to be human. Evidence for empathy-induced altruism, ... More


Moral Maladies

C. Daniel Batson

in What's Wrong With Morality?: A Social-Psychological Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199355549
eISBN:
9780190603700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199355549.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 1 begins with some reminders of the scope of our failures to live up to moral standards we embrace. Then a conceptual framework is introduced for exploration of possible causes. The framework ... More


Principlism: The Borg of Bioethics

John D. Arras, James Childress, and Matthew Adams

in Methods in Bioethics: The Way We Reason Now

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190665982
eISBN:
9780190666019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665982.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a survey and critical evaluation of the theory of principlism, as expounded by Tom Beauchamp and James Childress in their increasingly authoritative work The Principles of ... More


Concluding Reflections: Method in Bioethics—The Very Idea

John D. Arras, James Childress, and Matthew Adams

in Methods in Bioethics: The Way We Reason Now

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190665982
eISBN:
9780190666019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665982.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with a critical examination of the respective pros and cons of the various methods that have been surveyed in the preceding eight chapters. It reiterates that rather than staking ... More


Dualism, Principlism, Kantianism

Nathaniel Jason Goldberg

in Kantian Conceptual Geography

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780190215385
eISBN:
9780190215408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215385.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter One begins by discussing the very idea of Kantian conceptual geography and explaining why engaging in it is of the utmost importance to analytic philosophy. It then introduces Empirical ... More


Defending Principlism

Nathaniel Jason Goldberg

in Kantian Conceptual Geography

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780190215385
eISBN:
9780190215408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215385.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter Six defends Subjective Principlism against its most important challenges. It does so by considering the history of and arguments against Subjective Principlism, and then demonstrating that ... More


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