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Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Andrew Mason

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

‘Equality of opportunity for all’ is a fine piece of political rhetoric but the ideal that lies behind it is slippery. Some see it as an alternative to a more robust form of egalitarianism, whilst ... More


On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Uwe Steinhoff

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book describes and explains the basic tenets of just war theory and gives a precise, succinct, and highly critical account of its present status and of the most important and controversial ... More


Political Obligations

George Klosko

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256204
eISBN:
9780191602351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256209.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Provides a full defence of a theory of political obligation on the basis of the principle of fairness (or fair play). The book responds to the most important objections and extends a theory-based on ... More


Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophy has long treated principles as indispensable for understanding its subject matter. However, the underlying assumption that this is the best approach has received almost no defence, ... More


Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

Mauro Fabrizio and Angelo Morro

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527008
eISBN:
9780191713316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book is devoted to the mathematical modelling of electromagnetic materials. Electromagnetism in matter is developed with particular emphasis on material effects, which are ascribed to memory in ... More


Clinical Data-Mining: Integrating Practice and Research

Irwin Epstein

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335521
eISBN:
9780199777433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335521.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Clinical data-mining (CDM) involves the conceptualization, extraction, analysis, and interpretation of available clinical data for practice knowledge-building, clinical decision-making, and ... More


Principles and Parameters in a VSO Language: A Case Study in Welsh

Ian G. Roberts

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168211
eISBN:
9780199788453
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168211.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This work provides an analysis of word order and clause structure in Welsh, within the context of a minimalist version of principles and parameters theory. The central issue is the analysis of VSO ... More


Kant's Arguments for His Formula of Universal Law

Derek Parfit

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the structure of the argument for duty in the Kantian context, in which it was most influentially formed. Kant notoriously argues that the supreme principle of morality must be ... More


General introduction

Don Ringe

in A History of English: From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284139
eISBN:
9780191712562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This introductory chapter explains the rationale of the book and its intended audience. It indicates briefly the author’s positions on the uniformitarian principle, linguistic descent, the regularity ... More


Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Craig Speelman and Kim Kirsner

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For years now, learning has been at the heart of research within cognitive psychology. How do we acquire new knowledge and new skills? Are the principles underlying skill acquisition unique to ... More


Two Models of Jewish Philosophy: Justifying One's Practices

Daniel Rynhold

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199274864
eISBN:
9780191602450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927486X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Judaism is a religion that historically has emphasized the importance of a set of practical commandments, and in the history of Jewish philosophy various attempts have been made to rationalize or ... More


Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Catharine Cookson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religious free exercise conflicts occur when religiously compelled behavior (whether action or inaction) appears to violate a law that contraindicates or even criminalizes such behavior. Fearful of ... More


Introduction to the Broadly Classical Options

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter is a short introduction to the ways of dealing with the Liar paradox within classical logic. It distinguishes classical gap theories, classical glut theories, and weakly classical ... More


Introduction

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of equality of opportunity. It then considers the relationship between equality of opportunity and egalitarian principles. An overview of the ... More


Rawlsian Fair Equality of Opportunity

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines Rawls' account of fair equality of opportunity. Rawls argues that fair equality of opportunity requires not only ‘careers to be open to talents’, but also that those with the ... More


Equality, Priority, and Sufficiency

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter argues that particular versions of the mitigation approach may also incorporate ‘quasi-egalitarian principles’ — principles which hold that certain kinds or degrees of inequality are ... More


Mitigating Principles

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In order to defend a version of the mitigation approach as opposed to the neutralization approach, a plausible set of principles that might constitute that approach must be identified. The strategy ... More


Casuistical Free Exercise Jurisprudence: A Summary and Some Conclusions

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Perceptions of authoritarian injustice or of anarchical laxity are just as harmful to the integrity of the justice system as actual impropriety. Casuistry offers clear, definable ... More


Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Helen Beebee and Julian Dodd (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Many contemporary metaphysicians and philosophers of language commit themselves to some version or other of the truthmaker principle: the thesis that truths must be made true by something. Such ... More


Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Over the last several decades, advocates have championed a bewildering variety of methods for understanding and resolving difficult ethical problems in medicine, including principlism, wide ... More


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