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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Pricing Decisions in the Euro Area: How Firms Set Prices and Why

Silvia Fabiani, Claire Suzanne Loupias, Fernando Manuel Monteiro Martins, and Roberto Sabbatini (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309287
eISBN:
9780199783939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309287.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Theoretical research undertaken over the last decades showed that the nature of nominal rigidities plays a key role in determining the effects of different shocks on the economy. This research has ... More


Moral Reflection on Economic Justice in Scholastic Economic Thought

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The moral reflections of the medieval Scholastics on trade and loans are discussed in this chapter. Institutional change in thirteenth- and fourteenth-century Europe facilitated specialization, the ... More


Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


Asset Pricing in Discrete Time: A Complete Markets Approach

Ser-Huang Poon and Richard Stapleton

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271443
eISBN:
9780191602559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271445.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Relying on the existence, in a complete market, of a pricing kernel, this book covers the pricing of assets, derivatives, and bonds in a discrete time, complete markets framework. It is primarily ... More


How Marketing Policy Affects Consumer Well-Being and Social Welfare

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0020
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter analyzes how the firm's marketing strategies affect consumers and society. The topics covered include the effects of: the firm's pricing policy for durables; volume-based pricing (e.g., ... More


Pricing New Products: Strategies and Caveats

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how firms should price new products, especially under cost and demand uncertainty. It distinguishes between privately and publicly owned firms and show how the risk attitudes of ... More


Choosing Strategies for New Products Using Market-Level Data

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm can coordinate its new product designs, production processes, and pricing strategies when only secondary (market-level) data are available. In particular, it examines ... More


Choosing Strategies for New Products Using Primary Data

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm can choose new product designs and pricing strategies when primary data (i.e., intentions studies, conjoint experiments, auctions, simulated test markets, and test ... More


Introduction

Tomas Björk

in Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199271269
eISBN:
9780191602849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271267.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This introductory chapter starts off the discussion on financial derivatives by explaining the European call option. It formulates the two main problems that will be the focus of the entire volume: ... More


Portfolio Dynamics

Tomas Björk

in Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199271269
eISBN:
9780191602849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271267.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter derives the dynamics of (the value of) a so-called self-financing portfolio; the price dynamics of various assets (e.g. stocks, bonds, financial derivatives) is considered as a given. A ... More


Money's worth calculations

Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks

in Annuity Markets

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216994
eISBN:
9780191711978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216994.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter surveys the evidence on whether annuities are fairly priced. It explains the money's worth calculation of annuities, and presents evidence on the money's worth in the UK and in other ... More


Black–Scholes from a Martingale Point of View*

Tomas Björk

in Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199271269
eISBN:
9780191602849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271267.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the standard Black-Scholes model from the martingale point of view. The probability space (Ω, □, P, □-) carrying a P-Wiener process W-, where the filtration □- is the one ... More


Commons Management and Infrastructure Pricing

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter addresses three complicated issues concerning commons management and infrastructure pricing. First, it examines how commons management interacts with different forms of price ... More


Economics of Time

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines issues related to the economics of time. It explains that in addition to its application in the calculation of interest rate or the price for the use of money for a period of ... More


Why Are Prices Sticky?: Evidence from an Ad Hoc Survey in Belgium

Luc Aucremanne and Martine Druant

in Pricing Decisions in the Euro Area: How Firms Set Prices and Why

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309287
eISBN:
9780199783939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309287.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter reports the results of a survey on price setting behavior conducted in 2004 among 2,000 Belgian firms. The results clearly deviate from a situation of perfect competition and show that ... More


COMMODITY SUPPLY MANAGEMENT BY PRODUCING COUNTRIES: A Case-Study of the Tropical Beverage Crops

Alfred Maizels, Robert Bacon, and George Mavrotas

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233381
eISBN:
9780191678981
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233381.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The collapse in commodity prices since 1980 has been a major cause of the economic crisis in a large number of developing countries. This book investigates whether the commodity-producing countries, ... More


What Quantitative Micro Data Reveal about Price Setting Behavior

Roberto Sabbatini, Luis J. Álvarez, Emmanuel Dhyne, Marco Hoeberichts, Hervé Le Bihan, Patrick Lünnemann, Fernando Martins, Fabio Rumler, Harald Stahl, Philip Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronese, and Jouko Vilmunen

in Pricing Decisions in the Euro Area: How Firms Set Prices and Why

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309287
eISBN:
9780199783939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309287.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter summarizes the vast evidence on price setting based on micro consumer and producer price data obtained for euro area countries. This analysis captures features of price behavior that ... More


Conclusion

Martine Quinzii

in Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The general equilibrium analysis presented in this book shows that there are even more problems in using marginal cost pricing with increasing returns technologies than has been discussed at the time ... More


 Applications

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter illustrates how the theory of repeated games with perfect monitoring can be used in economic applications. It examines collusion and price wars in oligopolistic industries subject to ... More


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