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The Development of Proto-Germanic

Don Ringe

in A History of English: From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284139
eISBN:
9780191712562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter discusses the reconstructable linguistic changes that occurred in the development from Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic. The first half of the chapter discusses regular sound ... More


Proto-Germanic

Don Ringe

in A History of English: From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284139
eISBN:
9780191712562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Germanic, parallel to the sketch of Proto-Indo-European in Chapter 2. The section on phonology discusses the Verner’s Law alternation; automatic vocalic ... More


Lecture I, 25

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0025
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense,and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


Lecture I, 26

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0026
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between ... More


Lecture I, 27

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0027
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


Lecture I, 28

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0028
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


Lecture I, 29

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0029
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


Lecture I, 30

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0030
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


Lecture I, 31

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0031
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


Lecture I, 32

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0032
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


Lecture I, 33

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0033
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


Lecture I, 34

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0034
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


Lecture I, 35

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0035
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter begins (Lectures 25–6) with a few remarks on ancient theories of tense, and a longer review of more recent work — especially on Greek and Slavic — on the distinctions between tense, ... More


The Emergence of Common Eastern Yiddish (Proto-Standard Yiddish)

Dov-Ber Kerler

in The Origins of Modern Literary Yiddish

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151661
eISBN:
9780191672798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151661.003.0035
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The continuous modernization was literally the constant production of new and fresh features and concepts. Grammatical reconstruction and future-tense auxiliary are some examples of these. The ... More


Cladistic principles and linguistic reality: the case of West Germanic

Don Ringe

in Laws and Rules in Indo‐European

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199609925
eISBN:
9780191741579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Only shared innovations which are unlikely to have occurred independently can prove shared history; therefore languages are assigned to the same clade only if they share a ‘critical mass’ of ... More


The interfacing of morphophonology and morphosyntax

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume II: Morphology, Paradigms, and Periphrases

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608324
eISBN:
9780191732041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608324.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

The syntactic categories of morphosyntax and the bracketed phonological structures of morphophonology that express them are related asymmetrically by exponence. However, the chapter presents evidence ... More


The Dental Preterites in the History of English

Aditi Lahiri

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0021
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter examines a case of a morphological split in the English dental preterite involving the past tense in Middle English. The split appears to complicate the grammar, but the chapter argues ... More


The development of Proto-Germanic

Don Ringe

in From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198792581
eISBN:
9780191834578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792581.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter discusses the reconstructable linguistic changes that occurred in the development from Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic. The first half of the chapter discusses regular sound ... More


Proto-Germanic

Don Ringe

in From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198792581
eISBN:
9780191834578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792581.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Germanic, parallel to the sketch of Proto-Indo-European in Chapter 2. The section on phonology discusses the Verner’s Law alternation; automatic vocalic ... More


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