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Crafting the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003

Kimberly J. Morgan and Andrea Louise Campbell

in The Delegated Welfare State: Medicare, Markets, and the Governance of Social Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199730346
eISBN:
9780199918447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730346.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter five examines the passage of the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003—a major social policy reform that delegates responsibility for a Medicare prescription drug benefit to commercial firms. ... More


Prescription regimes and other measures to control misuse of psychopharmaceuticals

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines how well prescription regimes perform their role of allowing psychoactive substances to be consumed for approved, i.e., medical, purposes, while preventing their use for ... More


The legal market: prescription and diversion of psychopharmaceuticals

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 5 described what is known about the structure, prices, and products of illegal drug markets, and the nature and extent of harms that arise from them. This chapter describes another drug ... More


Chapter Chapter Risk‐Sharing in Retiree Medical Benefits

George Wagoner, Anna Rappaport, Brian Fuller, and Frank Yeager

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The increase in both retiree medical care expenditures and the retired fraction of the population has put pressure on retiree health care insurance providers. This chapter assesses future prospects ... More


Medicine-Chest Roulette

Nancy Tomes

in Remaking the American Patient: How Madison Avenue and Modern Medicine Turned Patients into Consumers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622774
eISBN:
9781469622798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622774.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the careless use of prescription drugs such as Accutane in what Steve Findlay called “medicine-chest roulette.” In his May 1988 article in the U.S. News and World Report, ... More


Trips Patent Regime: The Poverty Penalty

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter discusses the issue of access-to-medication in developing countries. It notes that these developing countries have struggled to balance patent rights with the issue of ... More


A Big Pill to Swallow

Nancy Tomes

in Remaking the American Patient: How Madison Avenue and Modern Medicine Turned Patients into Consumers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622774
eISBN:
9781469622798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622774.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines how American consumers came to view the expense of prescription drugs as a “big pill to swallow” during the Cold War era. It considers how the cost and quality of prescription ... More


Health insurance and the uptake of new drugs in the United States

Marin Gemmill, Victoria Serra-Sastre, and Joan Costa-Font

in The Economics of New Health Technologies: Incentives, organization, and financing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550685
eISBN:
9780191720543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550685.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter investigates the effect of health insurance coverage on the use of relatively new prescription drugs. It focuses on statins, a class of lipid-lowering drugs that were considered a major ... More


Direct-to-Consumer Advertising in Health Care: An Overview of Economic Issues

Ernst R. Berndt and Julie M. Donohue

in Incentives and Choice in Health Care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195775
eISBN:
9780262283816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195775.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs in the United States and New Zealand and its economic effects on health care. It looks at the major issues that are ... More


Fraud in the Pharmaceutical, Medical Equipment, and Supply Industries: Profits at Any Cost, Part Two

Terry L. Leap

in Phantom Billing, Fake Prescriptions, and the High Cost of Medicine: Health Care Fraud and What to Do about It

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449796
eISBN:
9780801460807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449796.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines frauds instigated by pharmaceutical companies as well as the medical supply and equipment industry. It first considers how large-scale frauds occur in the pricing, marketing, ... More


The Struggles of an “Orthodox Innovator”: George W. Bush, the Conservative Movement, and Domestic Policy

Jon Herbert

in Crisis of Conservatism?: The Republican Party, the Conservative Movement, and American Politics After Bush

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199764013
eISBN:
9780199897186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764013.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on George Bush's domestic policy. It examines four of Bush's domestic policy initiatives: education reform, the Medicare prescription drug benefit, social security reform and ... More


Managing psychopharmaceutical drugs under prescription regimes

Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, María Elena Medina-Mora, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198818014
eISBN:
9780191859410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818014.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There is extraordinary cross-national variation in the availability of prescription psychoactive drugs, with most prescription drug use being concentrated in developed countries. A variety of ... More


Animal Rights Advocacy and Modern Medicine: The Charge of Hypocrisy

Tom Regan

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter is concerned with the issue of moral consistency. It analyzes whether those with strong commitments against animal research can maintain moral integrity while using products that have ... More


The Legislative Odyssey of Comparative Effectiveness Research: Birth in 2002 to the First Federal Mandate in 2003

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

From a nearly imperceptible start, federal policy on comparative effectiveness research gained substantial momentum over its eight-year odyssey and got several legislative toeholds. The story starts ... More


The Demand for Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Coverage: Evidence from Four Waves of the Retirement Perspectives Survey

Florian Heiss, Daniel McFadden, and Joachim Winter (eds)

in Explorations in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226903378
eISBN:
9780226903385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903385.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter focuses on the new Medicare Part D prescription drug program. Participation in Medicare Part D requires individuals to make active enrollment and plan choice decisions. Active decisions ... More


New Life in the Assisted-Death Debate: Scheduled Drugs versus NuTech

Margaret Pabst Battin

in Ending Life: Ethics and the Way We Die

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140279
eISBN:
9780199850280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140279.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the years since Dr. Jack Kevorkian went to jail, public involvement with the issues of physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia may seem to have subsided in the United States. ... More


Conclusion: The Barbarians Are at the Gate

Nancy Tomes

in Remaking the American Patient: How Madison Avenue and Modern Medicine Turned Patients into Consumers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622774
eISBN:
9781469622798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622774.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This concluding chapter examines efforts to make health care more consumer-friendly, including coupons for prescription drugs, lotteries for in vitro fertilization treatments, and smartphone apps to ... More


Retirement and Drug Abuse/Misuse

Peter A. Bamberger, Samuel B. Bacharach, Kathleen A. Briggs, and Meira Ben-Gad

in Retirement and the Hidden Epidemic: The Complex Link Between Aging, Work Disengagement, and Substance Misuse and What To Do About It

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199374120
eISBN:
9780190216894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374120.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses other forms of substance abuse (i.e., illicit drugs and prescription medications) in late life, in general, and in relation to retirement, in particular. Drawing from the ... More


Trends in Prescription Drug Use by the Disabled Elderly

Jay Bhattacharya, Alan M. Garber, and Thomas MaCurdy

in Developments in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226903354
eISBN:
9780226903361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903361.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter uses the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey to analyze trends in the utilization of pharmaceuticals by disabled and nondisabled beneficiaries in the community (noninstitutionalized) ... More


Killer Applications: The Racial Pharmacology of Prescription Drugs

Anthony Ryan Hatch

in Blood Sugar: Racial Pharmacology and Food Justice in Black America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816696178
eISBN:
9781452954233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696178.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The chapter investigates the use of race and metabolic syndrome in biomedical research on the use of statins and antipsychotics among African Americans and develop the metaphor of killer applications ... More


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