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Justice, Responsibility, and the Demands of Equality

T. M. Scanlon

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the disagreement between Cohen and Rawls on the question of whether individuals should be held responsible for their tastes and preferences. It notes the difference in principle, ... More


Is the Basic Structure Basic ?

Samuel Scheffler

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay focuses on Cohen’s recent arguments for extending the scope of justice beyond Rawls’s formulation. It argues for the merits of Rawls’s argument that the primary subject of justice should ... More


Hybrid Moral Theories

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter applies Samuel Scheffler’s ‘Hybrid View’ to the morality of reproduction. It concludes that the Hybrid View does not provide a satisfactory account of our obligations to future ... More


Torture of Detainees and Presidential Prerogative Power

Richard M. Pious

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the president's use of prerogative powers and the treatment of detainees in the war on terror. President Bush asserted his prerogative power in interpreting and reinterpreting ... More


A Hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the Fourteenth-Century Church

Jean Dunbabin

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222910
eISBN:
9780191678523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222910.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Pierre de la Palud was a friar of aristocratic birth who was appointed Patriarch of Jerusalem in 1329. This biography follows the course of his eventful life, and exploits his copious writings to ... More


Monarchs

Iain Mclean

in What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Purpose of a head of state. Executive and non‐executive heads of state in some democratic constitutions. Australian constitutional crisis 1975. Sir David Smith fails to wake the Queen's Private ... More


Living Traditions

R. A. W. Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller

in Comparing Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199563494
eISBN:
9780191722721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563494.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

To recover the various meanings of executive government in Westminster systems, the first step is to identify the relevant living traditions. This chapter focuses on the main traditions and the ... More


The Basic Constitutional Rules: Influence and the Prerogative

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293347
eISBN:
9780191598821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293348.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The office of head of state should be distinguished from that of head of government. The head of state has three main functions. First, there are constitutional functions, which today are primarily ... More


The War Prerogative: History, Reform, and Constitutional Design

Rosara Joseph

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199664320
eISBN:
9780191748493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664320.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This book studies the evolution of the war prerogative in England from 1600-2012. It traces the historical theory and practice of the war prerogative and proposes reform of the constitutional ... More


The Two Screens

Mary Douglas

in Leviticus as Literature

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244195
eISBN:
9780191600548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244197.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Leviticus consists almost entirely of divine laws, which are interrupted twice by narratives, and both of these interruptions are about encroachment on the divine prerogative; there is no accepted ... More


Torturing the Conscience with Divine subjectio

Ceri Sullivan

in The Rhetoric of the Conscience in Donne, Herbert, and Vaughan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547845
eISBN:
9780191720901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547845.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

God deals with uncooperative witnesses by torturing them until they ventriloquize his words. Poets are sulky about admitting that torture (especially when presented by its inflictor as neither ... More


Theatre Censorship: From Walpole to Wilson

David Thomas, David Carlton, and Anne Etienne

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199260287
eISBN:
9780191717390
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260287.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Drama

Using previously unpublished material from the National Archives, this book offers a new perspective on British cultural history. Statutory theatre censorship was first introduced in Britain by Sir ... More


Honours and Prerogatives

Stuart Carroll

in Blood and Violence in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199290451
eISBN:
9780191710490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290451.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Honour was itself measurable by the honours that one had either inherited or had conferred by a superior. Ideally, honours should be commensurate with honour, so that ‘reputation is finally ... More


Prerogatives and Restrictions

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first three chapters of Part III of the book (Chs 8–10) examine the question of whether it is morally permissible to treat people in ways ruled out by the Principle of Permissible Harm (PPH; this ... More


Privilege and Contempt

William McKay and Charles W. Johnson

in Parliament and Congress: Representation and Scrutiny in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199273621
eISBN:
9780191594281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273621.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, UK Politics

Privilege allows parliamentarians to perform their public duties without interference. The Commons uses its powers only when absolutely necessary for its defence. Freedom of speech protects Members ... More


The Prerogatives of Government

Martin Loughlin

in Foundations of Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199256853
eISBN:
9780191594267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256853.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the origins of modern government's power of potentia. It argues that this governmental power of potentia initially operated by exploiting the residue of lordship and feudal ... More


The Game Laws

ROGER B. MANNING

in Hunters and Poachers: A Social and Cultural History of Unlawful Hunting in England 1485-1640

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203247
eISBN:
9780191675805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203247.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the passage of game laws in medieval England. The original assumption in the enactment of game law was that husbandsmen and artificers used hunting parties as a cover for ... More


The Purlieu Men and the Ancient Constitution

ROGER B. MANNING

in Hunters and Poachers: A Social and Cultural History of Unlawful Hunting in England 1485-1640

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203247
eISBN:
9780191675805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203247.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the issue of lawful and unlawful hunting in medieval England in the case of the purlieu men. It explains that Tudor monarchs had respected the rights of purlieu men and ... More


Democracy, Accountability, and Military Action

Nigel D. White

in Democracy goes to War: British Military Deployments under International Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199218592
eISBN:
9780191705595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218592.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Accountability is a central element of a democracy. In simple terms, it means that those in power and making decisions should have to account for those decisions to their peers, to the electorate, ... More


Change and Reform in the American Workplace

Brian Towers

in The Representation Gap: Change and Reform in the British and American Workplace

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289463
eISBN:
9780191684715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289463.003.0057
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

Over the past forty years, the regulation of employment relationship in the USA has experienced profound modifications that can be observed on two different levels. For one, the role of both ... More


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