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Reflective Democracy

Robert E. Goodin

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Democracy used to be seen as a relatively mechanical matter of merely adding up everyone's votes in free and fair elections. That mechanistic model has many virtues, among them allowing democracy to ... More


What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Fred Feldman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a philosophical study of the nature and value of happiness. Part I is devoted to critical discussion of the most important theories about the nature of happiness, understood as some sort ... More


Persons, Interests, and Justice

Nils Holtug

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a book on welfare and its importance for distributive justice. Part I is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a ... More


Storable Votes: Protecting the Minority Voice

Alessandra Casella

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195309096
eISBN:
9780199918171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309096.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Storable Votes are a simple voting scheme that allows the minority to win occasionally, while treating every voter equally. Because the minority wins when it cares strongly about a decision ... More


Conclusion

Donna Yarri

in The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195181791
eISBN:
9780199835744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181794.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The ultimate goal in animal experimentation is not necessarily to eliminate all experiments, but rather to establish a benign ethic for its practice. An interim ethic is described, which includes ... More


Trade preferences for Africa and the impact of Rules of Origin

Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, and Thierry Verdier

in The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290482
eISBN:
9780191603471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290482.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter presents information on the utilization by the sub-Saharan African developing countries of EU, US, and Japanese trade preferences, and explores the reasons why rules of origin may ... More


Killing Without Dying: the Absence of Suicide Missions

Stathis N. Kalyvas and Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca

in Making Sense of Suicide Missions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199276998
eISBN:
9780191707735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276998.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter is divided into two parts. The first part examines why organizations may be unwilling to resort to suicide missions (SMs). It considers five possible reasons: cognitive accessibility, ... More


The Texture of Custom

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Reviews the thesis outlined in the book. Concept formation and learning are tied up with clarity requirements. Clarification shapes preferences and underlies the behavioural, motivational, and ... More


Introduction

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter introduces the linkage between economic behaviour and risk regulation policies. Analysis of individual behaviour often reveals the nature of private market failures and provides guidance ... More


On a Class of Preference Fields

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This short note, published in Metroeconomica 13 (1961), begins with the assumption that the preferences of the consumer exhibit linear Engel curves, which were shown in ’Community preference fields’ ... More


Decision Theory and Rationality

José Luis Bermúdez

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The concept of rationality is a common thread through the human and social sciences — from political science to philosophy, from economics to sociology, from management science to decision analysis. ... More


Research Questions for Comparative Investigation

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes the data and the way thse are deployed operationally in the subsequent analysis. The data falls into three main categories: aggregate voting results for post-war national ... More


Empathy

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Sympathy refers to caring about another to some degree as one cares for oneself. Empathy refers to the capacity to put yourself in the position of others to see things from their point of view. ... More


Policy Preferences and Party Choice

Cees van der Eijk, Mark N. Franklin, and Wouter van der Brug

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the third of six on the question of political representation in the EU, and the third of four that put the five requirements of the Responsible Party Model (outlined in Ch. 6) to an ... More


Rationality Writ Large

Paul Weirich

in Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388381
eISBN:
9780199866700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388381.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A committee's passing a resolution may be rational or irrational. Groups of people perform acts that are evaluable for rationality. This observation raises two philosophical questions: What makes a ... More


The Authority of Preferences

Robert E. Goodin

in Reflective Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the second of two chapters on preference democracy. It points out that theories of liberal democracy necessarily require systematic responsiveness to popular wishes, in ways that make them ... More


The Constrained Court: Law, Politics, and the Decisions Justices Make

Michael A. Bailey and Forrest Maltzman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151045
eISBN:
9781400840267
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151045.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

How do Supreme Court justices decide their cases? Do they follow their policy preferences? Or are they constrained by the law and by other political actors? This book combines new theoretical ... More


Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics

L. W. Sumner

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238782
eISBN:
9780191679773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238782.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophers agree that welfare matters. But they do not agree about what it is, or how much it matters. This book presents an original theory of welfare, investigating its nature and ... More


Initial Equality

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines Dworkin's claim that what justice requires by way of an initial distribution of resources can be established by considering the operation of an ideal market. The special auction device used ... More


Understanding Rules of Origin

Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, and Thierry Verdier

in The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290482
eISBN:
9780191603471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290482.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter surveys recent work on the economic effects, both theoretical and empirical, of Rules of Origin (ROO) in a Free Trade Area (FTA).


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